Subaru Modellek Ismertetése 2011

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                  SUBARU

        GENERAL INFORMATION

1          Press information

              March 2011

        Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.

         (Elérhető németül)

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Subaru General Information

CONTENTS

Subaru Philosophy 66 Exterior

03 The theme of 69 Interior

Subaru’s vehicle development 70 Comfort

71 Utility

Legacy 73 Engine

07 Aim of development 78 Drivetrain

07 Model Concept 79 Chassis

08 Line-up 80 Body and safety

09 Packaging 83 Engine Data

10 Utilities 84 Specifications

11 Exterior 87 Standard and Optional Features

12 Interior

14 Comfort

15 Engine Impreza WRX STI

20 Transmission 91 Model Comcept

22 Drivetrain / Chassis 92 Design

25 Body / Safety 94 Power unit

28 Engine Data 95 Drivetrain

29 Specifications 97 Chassis

33 Standard and Optional Features 99 Body construction / Safety

100 Utilities / Major refinement in the

2011 model

Outback 101 Specifications

37 Aim of development 102 Standard and Optional Features

37 Model Concept

38 Line-up

39 Packaging / Utilities Forester

41 Exterior 104 Aim of development

42 Interior 105 Model concept

44 Comfort 106 Model line-up

45 Engine 107 Packaging

50 Transmission 108 Utility

52 Drivetrain 110 Design

53 Chassis 112 Comfort

55 Body 114 Power Units

56 Safety 122 Drivetrain

58 Engine Data 124 Chassis

59 Specifications 125 Body

60 Standard and Optional Features 126 Safety

128 Engine Data

129 Specifications

Impreza 131 Standard and Optional Features

62 Model Concept

63 Line-up

64 Outline

65 Packaging

* This information is specified for European models

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The Theme of Subaru’s vehicle development

Creating the vehicle that gives pleasure to all who drive it.

Individuals from all around the world have contributed to Subaru’s car manufacturing efforts by offering both their ideas and unflagging support. This thought provides us with incredible happiness and inspiration. In order to respond to the desires of our loyal supporters, we at Subaru will uphold a new vision for car manufacturing: To integrate the unique Subaru performance, comfort, and dependability with environmentally friendly technologies. Therefore, on the base of our unique technology such as the Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel Drive), renowned over the world for the excellent drivability it provides, we are determined to pursue the creation of emotional and beautiful design concepts with a philosophy of active safety, while also assuming our environmental responsibilities required for the automobile to remain the central means of transportation in this 21st century.

Symmetrical AWD – The core technology of Subaru

The Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel Drive) has a unique layout in which the drive-train is lined up directly with the compact, low-vibration Horizontally-Opposed SUBARU BOXER engine. Thanks to the low centre of gravity, the engine has nearly equal left-right balance and excellent forward-rear balance. This highly creative mechanism speaks volumes about the technology developed by the Subaru engineering team who have inherited technical knowledge containing DNA passed down from an aircraft manufacturer. This system provides overwhelmingly superior performance for both driving performance and handling stability under a variety of driving conditions including dry, wet, rough, and snowy roads. Subaru first introduced the Symmetrical AWD system in 1972. Now the system features the full-time torque split transfer system that controls vehicle dynamics to give drivers confidence and a pleasurable driving experience. Subaru's AWD technology is characterized by an emphasis on splitting torque between front and rear wheels. Abounding in AWD expertise for passenger vehicles, Subaru currently has three types of AWD torque split system available with the proper type selected according to the unique characteristics of each model. One type is used for manual transmission models and two types are used for Subaru’s new CVT (continuously variable transmission), “Lineartronic” and automatic transmission models. The base system for the manual transmission is the centre differential gear coupled with viscous LSD. This system employs an even-torque split centre differential gear (torque split ratio between front wheels and rear wheels is 50:50) and provides a superior balance of agility and stability byconstantly providing traction to all four wheels. One system used for CVT and automatic transmissions is the Active Torque Split AWD. This system senses vehicle status and distributes torque in order to provide stable drivability for AWD cars. The system controls distribution of torque to the front and rear wheels in real time according to driving conditions. The advanced system for automatic transmissions is the Variable Torque Distribution system (VTD). This system consists of an uneven-torque split centre differential gear with a basic

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front/rear ratio of 45:55 coupled with an electronically controlled LSD. By distributing torque with an emphasis on the rear wheels, the system is able to maximize the balance of agility and stability, while also providing an incredibly sporty driving experience. Daily driving necessities were also addressed by the use of the Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) system. The VDC system controlselements such as fuel cuts and unintentional braking in order to prevent unstable vehicle behavioursuch as sideslipping and similar conditions. Subaru provides the appropriate front and rear differential gear systems and suspension settings for each individual model based on the selected type of torque split system.

SUBARU BOXER engine

The SUBARU BOXER engine (Horizontally-Opposed engine) is an essential part of Subaru’s Symmetrical AWD. It has played a key role in creating the unique performance Subaru is renowned for. Subaru believes its traditional driving performance and excellent safety performance is derived from irreplaceable ingredients: the low center of gravity and the well-balanced moment of its Horizontally-Opposed Boxer engine.

In 1966, the first generation “EA“ type BOXER engine was mounted in the “Subaru 1000”, Subaru’s first compact car. Featuring shorter overall length, compactness, and lightweight by aluminium-alloy cylinder block, it delivered excellent turning performance, with its centre of gravity placed lower in the vehicle’s configuration. The second generation “EJ” type BOXER engine came with the first generation Subaru Legacy in 1989. In order to meet the Legacy’s product concept that further pursues distinctive driving performance, this engine had refined performance characteristics. The compact, lightweight, but high output “EJ” engine also received high acclaim for its power, weight balance and durability especially in the FIA WRC Rally fields. 
In 2010, the first in 21 years since the second generation EJ engine was introduced, Subaru successfully launched the third generation Boxer engine. This new-generation Horizontally-Opposed 4 cylinder petrol engine showcases Subaru’s latest engineering research and development. It further refines Subaru’s unique expertise in Boxer engine technology and takes Subaru performance to a new level. The engine was entirely renewed, starting from the basic structure which allows a longer stroke than the second generation engines, while all the advantages of the horizontally-opposed layout were maintained: lightweight, compact, low center of gravity, and superior vibration balance. New-generation improvements include advances in both environmental friendliness and driving performance for smooth acceleration in all speed ranges. In the 2011MY Forester, fuel efficiency was improved by approximately 10%, resulting in CO2 improvement in around 12%. Furthermore, Subaru designed the new engine with consideration of the technology’s expandability and potential capability to receive further upgrades meeting future environmental measures. The new engine is positioned as Subaru’s main engine and the starting point of Subaru’s future power unit strategy. Starting with the 2011MY Forester, this all-new engine will be deployed in other Subaru products in the future. In response to market demands in this highly environmentally conscious era, one of Subaru’s

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efforts is to improve fuel efficiency of the existing Boxer petrol engines. Another approach is to integrate green car technologies into Subaru’s unique products, while further pursuing Subaru’sauthentic driving performance.

In 2008, making full use of the characteristics of the SUBARU BOXER engine to offer a distinctive driving experience to its customers, Subaru introduced the world’s first Horizontally-Opposed Diesel Engine for mass-production passenger cars, the “SUBARU BOXER DIESEL”. It takes advantage of the high rigidity of the Horizontally-Opposed engine with an aluminum-alloy cylinder block. With its engine width equivalent to that of a Horizontally-Opposed petrol engine of the same displacement volume, it is 61.3 mm shorter in length, achieving top-level lightweight and compact of the class. One of the SUBARU BOXER engine’s main characteristics is its low vibration, because the pistons are laid out symmetrically to the left and right and work to offset their respective vibrations. Such unique piston layouts provide smooth rotational balance, low vibration and superior quietness to the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL, too. Furthermore, thanks to excellent accelerator response, and with reduced friction and inertia resulting in smooth acceleration, it features characteristics worth the name of a “sporty diesel”. The SUBARU BOXER DIESEL is currently available with the Legacy, Outback, Forester and Impreza models.

Subaru’s approach to environmental consideration

As a car manufacturer, we at Subaru feel it is our duties to address global environment issues. Improving fuel economy and reducing CO2 emissions are amongst the most urgent actions required to tackle global warming, and this is reflected in the high attention currently being paid to low emission and eco-friendly vehicles. In this context, Subaru is pursuing its quest for combining “pleasant and dependable new driving performance with the global environment”. More specifically, Subaru is now committed to the development of four green technologies: Electric vehicle (EV), Hybrid vehicle, Diesel engine and Improvement of petrol engine’s fuel efficiency. Subaru is positioning these technologies separately in the global market, according to their different uses. First, Subaru successfully developed the production EV model on the basis of Japanese specification mini-cars, since we regard practical compact cars as the most suitable mobility for environmentally-friendly city driving. Subaru has marketed the 100% pure EV “Plug-in STELLA” in Japan since 2009. Second, Subaru understands hybrid electric vehicles are more suitable for city driving as well as mid-range driving. With a view to introducing Subaru’s first hybrid models in 2012, it is currently working to integrate hybrid systems with distinctive Subaru performance. Third, diesel engines have advantages in their excellent fuel economy and lowered CO2 emissions especially for long-range driving. Subaru continues to refine its unique boxer diesel engine to meet further customers’ needs. Fourth, it is also essential for Subaru to improve the fuel economy of its existing petrol engines. Boxer engine models provide quieter and comfortable ride on a long trip. Through many years since its first introduction, the current boxer petrol engine’s performance, practicality and user-friendliness have been consistently and continuously refined. In response to the growing environmental consciousness, Subaru successfully developed the third generation boxer petrol engine in 2010.

Subaru Safety

Subaru has been highly praised for its renowned safety performance in the world. While remaining

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centered upon our unique engines and the Symmetrical AWD, safety-conscious bodies of Subaru vehicles have now been made with further improved rigidity and less weight, and the suspension technology utilized has matured over many years. The agile yet stable performance and inherent safety achieved by the Symmetrical AWD is especially evident during high-speed even when driving in rain or snow and in the vehicle’s linear response when cornering. Subaru’s “New Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frames” are part of a body construction in which the pillars and the side frame are interconnected to form rings that protect against deformation during a crash and create survival area inside the cabin. The low height of the Subaru BOXER engine allows the engine to slide safely beneath the floor in the event of a frontal collision, making the front end of the car a “crushable zone” that effectively absorbs the impact of the collision. Our technology is common throughout all Subaru vehicles. This is the basic philosophy of a freedom of movement, with comfort and safety, that provides “driving pleasure supported by a high level of overall safety performance”. Subaru attains this by improving the basic performance of each vehicle.

FIA WRC Rally’s nineteen years legacy to stay in Subaru’s development philosophy

Subaru participated in the FIA WRC from 1990 through 2008 and recorded three consecutive manufacturer’s titles from 1995 through 1997 as well as three world champion drivers’ titles. Subaru original’s decision to join the FIA WRC stemmed from the fact that races generally take place on public roads, under “real world”, sometimes extreme conditions. Subaru took pride in contending at the highest competition level; it enabled to demonstrate the superior driving performance of Subaru’s unique Symmetrical AWD power-train, that is the combination of Subaru BOXER engine and highly efficient AWD system. The FIA WRC was not only the perfect place to demonstrate Subaru’s “real world” performance; it was also as useful proving ground to test and develop Subaru’s top-end technology. Bearing the philosophy of “ultimate performance means ultimate safety,” Subaru collected significant data through competing in WRC and used it successfully to develop sporty production cars that can be driven with confidence, with increased levels of comfort, reliability and safety even under the most adverse conditions. Although it withdrew from the championship at the end of 2008, Subaru’s challenging spirit stays intact in its development philosophy. Equally unaltered is the sheer passion that led Subaru to transfer race-technology findings to standard production cars. Subaru is committed to pursue its development policy of making much of the “real world” performance. Subaru is now in a position to devote increased resources to single individual car line development. Future Subaru products will inherit the expertise, the experience and the spirit acquired through nineteen years of competing in FIA WRC.

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Legacy: Aim of development

Tradition and Innovation

Throughout the four generations in Legacy, Subaru’s unique technologies, such as the AWD (All-Wheel-Drive) system and Horizontally-Opposed (Boxer) engine, improved not only the vehicle’s basic driving performance but also its safety performance and comfort all regarded as providing pleasant driving. As a flagship model of Subaru products, the fifth generation Legacy was developed to generate new values worthy of the name of an established global car and launched in last year, which was the 20th anniversary year for Legacy. This fifth generation Legacy features a larger body that perfectly fits the size preference of customers worldwide. This model received high praise for its excellent performance by all the markets in the world. (Legacy reached total world production of over 4.0 million units (including Outback) by the end of September 2010.)

Legacy: Model Concept

Subaru aimed at a new driving quality not only for the driver, but also for all passengers, while achieving highly-balanced safety performance and environmental friendliness. 
<Superb Dynamics with Confidence> 
Subaru’s unique Horizontally-Opposed engine and Symmetrical AWD improved for the past 20 years and provided excellent handling performance and reliability. Driving pleasure and sportiness were further enhanced on the fifth generation Legacy.

<Space & Comfort>

By renewing the packaging and adopting the chassis system, driving performance that offers comfort to all passengers and ample interior space as well as excellent utilities were merged.

<Safety & Economy>

In addition to the already-established excellent basic safety performance, safety was further improved through the chassis with cradle engine mount system. Furthermore, economic efficiency was increased through “Lineartronic”, the CVT (continuously valuable transmission) that was developed as Subaru’s next-generation automatic transmission, SUBARU BOXER DIESEL line-ups that were introduced to the world market for the first time as mass-production passenger vehicle, and improved gasoline engine efficiency. All models comply with Euro 5 for enhanced environmental friendliness.

Legacy has two body types; the Sedan and the Station Wagon. Each type offers three versions:

2.0i with Subaru Boxer 4-cylinder 2.0-litre DOHC, 2.5i with Subaru Boxer 4-cylinder 2.5-litre SOHC, and 2.0D with Subaru Boxer Diesel 4-cylinder 2.0-litre DOHC turbo.

-Sedan8

In addition to enhancing the basic vehicle performance of “driving”, “turning” and “stopping”, the packaging is integrated with sporty and emotional “Legacy characteristic” sedan design. It offers a comfortable interior space that enhances the appeal of this global mid-size sedan.

-Station wagon-

The Legacy’s driving performance characteristics are worthy of the name of sporty wagon. While these features were retained, the station wagon is introduced with functionality and practicality. The packaging and adoption of the rear double wishbone type suspension contribute to increase luggage room capacity from the forth generation Legacy. Furthermore, the D-pillar-exposed exterior design better expresses the Legacy wagon’s presence.

Major refinement in the 2011 model

・ Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear windows are added for 2.5i Sport and  2.0D Sport models.

・ Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat) is added for all models.

Legacy: Line-up

3 grades are provided for the European markets.

<2.0i>

This is a base model powered by the Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder 2.0-litre DOHC engine. While Boxer engine provides superior revolution balance, this model achieves the weight reduction and torque characteristics. By adopting secondary air system, exhaust gas performance was improved and complies with Euro 5. The 2.0i comes with either Lineartronic (CVT) or 6MT (six-speed manual transmission). The Vehicle Dynamics Control System (VDC) with anti-skid function is equipped as standard.

<2.5i/2.5i Sport*>

With focus on the low-end torque, this model is powered by the user-friendly Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder, 2.5-litre SOHC engine. By combining weight reduction and friction reduction along with Lineartronic, environmental friendliness and fuel economy were improved. The fuel efficiency of this mode is equivalent to the 2.0-litre non-turbo engine. With Lineartronic, manual shifting is also possible using the paddle shifter fixed to the steering wheel. While ample displacement provides driving with a torque feeling, Legacy-characteristic sporty driving is achieved, resulting in improved drivability. For 2.5i grade, 215/50R17 tires and 17-inch aluminium wheels are equipped as standard.

<2.0D/2.0D Sport*>

This model is powered by the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL, the world first Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder 2.0-litre DOHC diesel turbo engine for mass-production passenger vehicle. In addition to

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driving with a pleasant torque feeling typical of diesel engines, this model complies with Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations. Adoption of a closed DPF contributes to reduce particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust to further improve exhaust gas performance. A 6MT is installed that provides both the
BOXER DIESEL quiet and sporty performance as well as excellent environmental friendliness.

*The Sport model is upgraded from the standard model with large wheels and tires (18-inch), Bilstein dampers, exclusively-designed dampers, exclusively-designed headlight, aluminium pedal, and carbon-tone interior.

Legacy: Packaging

The Legacy features are on-line with the pursuit of the already established driver’s-car concept.

The Legacy’s “packaging innovation” also aims at a highly improved comfort for all occupants.

■ Space-focused packaging

The packaging focuses on spaciousness of passenger compartment. Compared to the fourth generation model, interior height was extended by 40 mm, distance between right and left seats by 30 mm, and between front and rear seats by 62 mm. In addition, large seats are equipped to increase space around each occupant, offering further comfortable travel for all occupants.

■ The body shape providing an excellent field of vision and easy handling

To achieve a body design with high visibility and space-conscious packaging, outer dimensions were designed not to impair the superior field of vision and the minimum turning diameter that are characteristics of Subaru vehicles. As a result, easy handling with the minimum turning diameter of 11.0 m and ample passenger compartment are achieved at the same time.

■ Open field of vision

Detailed attention is paid to create bright, comfortable interior space for all occupants. Especially, the ideas of window shapes and pillar layout are advanced to enhance openness for the rear seats. The sash doors contribute to enlarge the rear door opening space, resulting in improved rear seat accessibility.

■ Legacy inner and outer dimensions (Unit: mm)

Station wagon Sedan

Overall length (mm) 4775 4730

Overall width (mm) 1780 1780

Overall height (mm) 1535 1505

Wheelbase (mm) 2750 2750

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Legacy: Utilities

Utilities are enhanced through the large capacity luggage/trunk room and ample storage space.

■ Practicality-enhanced luggage room/trunk room While width and height of the luggage room were increased in the station wagon, depth is retained

to shape the luggage area for easy access without pulling up user’s upper body, realizing excellent practicality. The electromagnetic type switch is used for the opener for easy operation with a light touch.

For the sedan model, sporty, short-deck style and large capacity trunk space were achieved. Four 9-inch size golf bags can be loaded. Furthermore, dual-link type hinges that do not interfere with the luggage room are used to ensure a larger trunk opening.

■ Luggage room dimensions

Station wagon Sedan

Volume VDA (litre) 1726 486

■ Seat function

Seat comfort is sought to provide further relaxation, while the seat functions well support occupants’ seating postures during driving. Detailed attention is paid to the stitches for sporty impression.

・ A deep hollow surface designed on the back of the front seat back rest extends the knee space for rear occupants.

・ The 10-way power seat, including the lumbar support, is provided for the driver’s seat for improved convenience and comfort. (Standard equipment for 2.5i, 2.5i Sport, and 2.0D Sport.)

・ Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat) is added for all models.

・ For the rear seats of the wagon model, reclining mechanism is provided as a standard feature for improved rear seat comfort during long driving. The backrest adopts a 60/40 split-folding type for flexible arrangement, and is also conveniently provided with remote reclining mechanism that is one-touch operable from the luggage room.

・ For the rear seats of the sedan model, the centre armrest is provided with a trunk-through function to allow storage of long objects.

・ When the optional leather interior package is selected, the memory function is added to the driver’s power seat. Two sets of seat positions can be memorized for slide, height (including tilt), and reclining amount. (Optional equipment for all models)

・ When the push button start option is selected, seat positions can be memorized to the keyless access key as well. With a seat position stored to the keyless access key, even if the seat position is changed, the seat is automatically restored to the memorized position next time the door is unlocked with the smart key. (Optional equipment for all models)

■ Storage space

・ The double-structured centre console consists of a large console pocket and tray, and total of

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12V power supply and AUX input terminal are provided. Two types of the lid-armrest part are provided according to the transmission type. A lower position type is designed for the 6MT model for better operability, while a higher position type is designed for the Lineartronic model with relaxing driving posture considered.

・ To the centre console front, two-cup holders are laid out side by side for better usability.

・ A 500-ml plastic bottle can be stored on all door pockets, and a 5-cm thickness box tissue can be also fitted on the front door pockets.

・ For the roof trim, the overhead console is conveniently provided for sunglasses and small item storage.

・ Built-in cup holders are equipped on the rear seat armrest.

■ Other equipment

・ Driver’s power window is equipped with the auto UP/DOWN function. The anti-trap auto-reverse function operates to prevent accidents during UP operations.

・ Tilt-up and inner-slide type sunroof: Optional for all models. The anti-trap auto-reverse function operates to prevent accidents.

・ Auto on/off headlamps (standard equipment for all models): Headlight function that automatically activates/deactivates the light according to the surrounding brightness.

・ Automatic rain-sensing windowsield wipers (standard equipment for all models): Function that detects any rain drop on the windshield and automatically activates the wipers.

・ Keyless access and push button start: With the access key carried, the doors can be unlocked by simply touching the touch sensor on the front door handle. The doors can be locked using the switch on the door handle. In addition, by simply pressing the push button ignition switch, the engine can be started without inserting the key. Optional for all models.

・ Front seat heaters: Standard equipment for 2.5i, 2.5i Sport and 2.0D Sport. Optional for other models.

・ Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear windows are standard for 2.5i Sport and 2.0D Sport.

Legacy: Exterior

Along with the sporty appearance and “beautility” of the Legacy’s characteristics, evolution integrated with strength is expressed.

■ Exterior design

The exterior was designed with the theme of “Aggressive” and “Presence”. With the basic design backed by functionality, the outer appearance is easily recognizable as Legacy, and the sporty motifs are carried over from the predecessors. Furthermore, the exterior design expresses not only high occupant comfort and driving pleasure, but also a sense of driving stability by AWD.

<Large long-slitted headlight providing strong presence>

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The headlight unit was designed long in longitudinal direction with three-dimensional inner layout to express strong presence. To achieve this appearance, designing was included layout of devices in the engine compartment.

<Wing motif expressing Subaru's identity>

The grille design with a wing motif that is shared among the Subaru family emphasizes Subaru’s identity.

<Wheel arch expressing high driving quality>

Subaru’s high driving quality and excellent road-holding performance by AWD are expressed through the solid surface wheel arch and fender flare.

<Strong lower body and flowing cabin>

The lower body was designed with minimum character lines in order to emphasize thickness and express strong and calm driving. On the other hand, to provide sophisticated sporty presence, the cabin was designed with flowing lines.

<Chrome parts expressing “dignity”>

To express dignified richness that the Legacy has sought for, chrome parts that offer high quality brightness are used at many locations. Especially, the chrome-plated moulding around the side window edges not only enhances the cabin presence, but also contributes to create a toned look around the glass area.

<Rear design expressing freshness>

For the station wagon, a design that shows the D-pillar from outside has been adopted in addition to the glass-to-glass window graphic that used to be a characteristic of traditional Legacy. While Legacy’s characteristics are retained, the design offers a sense of evolution. On the other hand, for the sedan model, Legacy’s characteristics are carried over through the combination of the short deck silhouette with wedge and long cabin. Furthermore, to enhance freshness and sportiness, the cabin that reminds of comfortable passenger compartment and the lower body that offers a sense of strength are balanced. Thus, the three-dimensional, solid silhouette expresses sportiness.

■ Body colour

Nine colour selections are provided:

Galaxy Blue Silica, Crystal Black Silica, Graphite Gray Metallic, Steel Silver Metallic, Camellia Red Pearl, Satin White Pearl, Sage Green Metallic, Dark Amethyst Galaxy, Sunlight Gold Opal.

Legacy: Interior

Rich and high-end interior space is offered, integrated with the dynamic appearance shared with the exterior design.

■ Interior design

The interior was designed with the theme of “Active” and “Quality Feeling”. Instead of simply seeking spaciousness, high-end quality and functionality of passenger compartment are sought to express the Legacy‘s characteristics. Not only for the driver, but also for all passengers to have

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pleasant time during travelling with comfortable interior space and user-friendly functionality, detailed attention was paid to utilities and display layout.

<Interior colour providing luxury atmosphere>

Two colours (ivory and off-black) are provided for the interior. The centre panel surface is hairline-processed in detail to express metallic texture. To differentiate a characteristic of each model, three decorative panel types are offered: “silver tone” that expresses cool atmosphere with a metallic feel, “wood tone” that delivers unique atmosphere with pearl-like shine on the fine grain wood base, and “carbon tone” that recreates shine and depth of real carbon.

<Instrument panel emphasizing the lateral direction stretch>

By crossing the instrument panel and front door trim surfaces at a right angle to add sharp edges, the shade creates illusion of lateral-direction stretch.

<Roof trims considering openness>

By optimizing the roof interior structure, smooth roof trims are achieved. As a result, interior openness is enhanced.

<Instrument panel layout with integration of functionality and richness>

For the instrument panel, sharp edges with a look of being sculptured from a large block create expressive shade for a long-lasting fresh feel. The operation switches are laid out to reduce the movement of the driver’s line of sight and improvement of reachability. In addition, the multi-information display is positioned on the instrument panel upper surface of the navigation display in order to be visible from all seats.

<Select lever enhancing driving atmosphere>

The shift knob of the Lineartronic model adopted short grip length and simple straight design to improve operability. In addition, metallic materials used for the grip portion add advanced and mechanical atmosphere.

■ Combination gauge

・ A series of four meters with an aluminium vapour coating ring is adopted with a liquid crystal display in the centre. The meters and display are illuminated constantly even in daytime toimprove visibility. The gradation portions of the meters turn colours: light blue with the ignition ON, and white with the ignition OFF. The gauges have a sweep function in which the indicators move to the maximum position when the ignition key is turned to ON and then quickly return inorder to heighten the excitement of driving.

・ For the diesel model, a glow indicator, sedimenter warning light, and DPF warning light are added.

■ Multi-information display

・ The multi-information display that displays ambient temperature, fuel consumption information and digital clock is located at the centre panel centre, a position viewable from all seats. A display of instantaneous fuel efficiency, average fuel efficiency, driving range and off mode can be selected.

・ Considering visibility and safety, the passenger's seat belt warning light is added.

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■ Steering

・ A sporty-impression form is designed. The lightweight, high rigidity steering column offers a high-quality steady steering feel.

・ For the Lineartronic, the compact paddle shifter fixed to the steering wheel is equipped as standard. While operability during driving is enhanced and manual-shift driving can be enjoyed, parts around the steering wheel are neatly designed.

Legacy: Comfort

The vehicle’s equipment was conceived to further improve riding comfort and pleasant interior space.

■ Air conditioner

・ Dual full automatic air conditioners are equipped on all models. For the condenser, a sub-cool type is adopted for efficient usage of compressor and coolant to improve the cooling performance.

・ Rear heater ducts are equipped on all models. On some models, rear seat ventilation system

is provided for enhanced rear seat comfort. (Optional equipment for 2.0i and 2.5i.)

・ The diesel engine possesses good heat efficiency meaning that water temperature does not readily increase during normal driving, making it necessary to use the Positive Temperature Coefficient heater (PTC heater) that provides supplementary heating in order to improve heating performance immediately after starting the engine and in regions of extremely cold temperatures.

■ Audio and navigation system Premium audio system (6-CD and AM/FM tuner) (equipped on all models)

・ Two high performance glass antennas are provided on the rear glass. Unlike ordinary diversity by selective single tuner (selecting signals from better reception between two antennas), the method, called a phase diversity by double tuners, where signals from two antennas are combined to reproduce better sound, was adopted. In addition, “IF DSP” tuner is featured, that reduces noise effectively, minimizing degradation of a signal by digital signal processing inside a radio.

・ Tuning is set exclusively for the Legacy, such as adoption of a built-in parametric equalizer and time alignment function. Through the adoption of SRS CS Auto*1 and 6 speakers including tweeters installed on the side of the instrument panel, realistic sound can be reproduced.

・ In addition to MP3/WMA and CD-R/RW, the Bluetooth*2 handsfree phone function is supported.

・ To improve operability during driving, control switches of audio and handsfree phone are provided to the steering wheel.

*1SRS Circle Surround Automotive is trademark of SRS Labs, Inc.

*2Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.

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DVD navigation system and audio system (Optional for all models)

・ For the navigation system, a high-resolution wide VGA 8-inch large monitor and high-speed 600 MHz CPU are adopted to improve visibility and practicality. LED is adopted for the back light to display clearly even immediately after power-on and for better environmental considerations.

・ For navigation-system equipped vehicles, the rear view camera mounted into the rear gate isequipped as a standard feature. The system superimposes a camera image and guide lines such as for a parking lot on the navigation screen to help the driver for backing and parking.

・ The audio not only is exclusively tuned, but also is equipped with Dolby Pro Logic*3 and Audyssey MultEQ*4 to create extensive and abundant sound fields.

・ Bluetooth*2 connections with audio appliances are possible as well as handsfree operation of cellular phone. Voice activation from the handsfree microphone allows to make phone calls, specify navigation destinations and operate the audio appliances.

・ Radio reception performance is same as “Premium audio system”

・ DVD video replay is available.

*3 Dolby Pro Logic is registered trademark of Dolby Laboratories.

*4 Audyssey and MultEQ are registered trademarks of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

McIntosh navigation system (Optional for all models)

・ In addition to the introduction of McIntosh home audio surround technology and the optimization of speaker system layout, separately installed pre-amplifier and 6-channel

power-amplifier were exclusively for Legacy. Realistic and comfortable sound increases comfort that Legacy offers. The system was introduced for the first time in the European market.

・ The 5.1 channel surround system is adopted. In addition to the nine speakers installed in front, rear, left, right and instrument panel centre, subwoofer for bass reproduction is equipped. Thus 10 speakers in total are installed.

・ The layout is optimized for the instrument panel side speakers that have adopted aramid fiber cone paper with light weight and high rigidity, rear satellite speakers that improve audio performance for rear occupants, and a subwoofer (box type designed for station wagon) that reproduces powerful deep bass sounds. The vibration suppression at the installation portion and mass dampers to the door speakers contribute to achieve clear and faithful reproduction of original sound.

・ The navigation system specifications are the same as the standard navigation system.

Legacy: Engine

The engine was developed to achieve driving performance and actual fuel economy equivalent or better than the existing model. Three engines are provided for the European markets.

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■ Engine line-up

<Horizontally-Opposed DOHC 16-valve 2.0-litre gasoline engine, displacement: 1,994 cc>

Maximum output kW (PS) / Maximum torque Nm (kgfm): 110 (150) @ 6,000 rpm / 196 (20.0) @ 3,000 rpm

Transmission: 6-speed manual/Lineartronic

・ This is equipped on the base model, 2.0i. While smooth increase to higher revolution is a feature of the Boxer engine, the maximum torque is generated at 3,000 revolutions for practicality.

・ By adopting the secondary air system, Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations are complied. Furthermore, exhaust gas performance was improved through modification of the combustion chamber and port shape as well as catalytic converter size.

・ The intake manifold is the resin-type for weight reduction and torque characteristic improvement.

<Horizontally-Opposed SOHC 16-valve 2.5-litre gasoline engine, displacement: 2,457 cc>

Maximum output kW (PS) / Maximum torque Nm (kgfm): 123 (167) @ 5,600 rpm / 229 (23.4) @ 4,000 rpm

Transmission: Lineartronic

・ With the flat torque characteristic where torque is generated from low speed range, this easy-to-handle engine provides a feeling of smooth acceleration. This is equipped on 2.5i model.

・ By adopting i-Active Valve Lift System (i-AVLS) and combined with the CVT: Lineartronic, fuel

economy reached to the level equivalent to 2.0-litre engine.

・ To comply with Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations, the port shape is modified and the catalytic converter structure is reviewed.

・ The resin-type intake manifold and various friction reductions support weight reduction and basic performance improvement. In addition, the lightweight, compact-size, low-friction engine contributes to accomplish the Legacy’s high-end drivability.

<Horizontally-Opposed DOHC 16-valve 2.0-litre diesel turbo engine, displacement: 1,998 cc>

Maximum output kW (PS) / Maximum torque Nm (kgfm): 110 (150) @ 3,600 rpm / 350 (35.7)

@ 1,800 – 2,400 rpm

Transmission: 6-speed manual

・ For the Boxer Diesel equipped Legacy, utilizing advantages of the already-reputed

Horizontally-Opposed engine, comfortable acceleration response is maintained, and driving performance with a diesel-characteristic torque feeling is retained. In addition, environmental friendliness is further improved. This is equipped on 2.0D and 2.0D Sport models.

・ A closed DPF is adopted to support Euro 5 for exhaust gas regulations. Furthermore, enhanced exhaust gas performance is achieved through improvement of the common rail system and adoption of enlarged EGR cooler.

・ Cold startability and stability are improved through reducing weight by adopting the resin-type intake manifold, and changing the glow plug material from metallic to ceramic.

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■ SUBARU BOXER DIESEL

In March 2008, Subaru introduced the world’s first Horizontally-Opposed Diesel Engine for mass-production passenger cars, “SUBARU BOXER DIESEL”. For Legacy, this unique engine enhances environmental friendliness.

I.Features & Benefits

Low vibrations and noise

The movements of the horizontally-opposed pistons work in unison to effectively cancel out the uncomfortable second harmonic vibration (vibration with twice frequencies as engine revolution).

Thanks to this structural advantage, the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL does not need balancer shafts which are commonly used in conventional in-line and V-type engines. The compactly designed crankshaft sandwiched by the highly rigid cylinder blocks helps minimizing an uncomfortable noise and vibration up to high rpm’s.

Superior engine response and good fuel economy

Absence of balancer shafts leads to low rotational inertia and friction within the engine itself. The result is exceptional accelerator response and good fuel economy.

Contribution to the handling performance

The bore pitch was shortened and the left and right blocks holding the crankshaft provide a highly rigid design compared to the conventional in-line engines, which also allowed the use of an aluminium alloy cylinder block for weight savings. Thus the handling is less affected by a weight increase. In addition to the low centre of gravity provided by the structure of the Horizontally-Opposed Engine, the placement of the turbocharger unit at the lower part of the engine functions to maintain a low centre of gravity for the diesel engine, which tends to be quite heavy in weight.

II. Mechanisms

1. Cylinder block

Cylinder block

An aluminium alloy cylinder block was used to maximize the potential of the highly rigid Horizontally-Opposed Engine layout. To obtain ideal diesel combustion, the stroke was extended by 11mm and the bore was shortened by 6mm compared to the 2.0-litre SUBARU BOXER petrol engine (EJ20). The bore pitch was shortened to 98.4mm, which is similar to that of 6-cylinder 3.6-litre SUBARU BOXER petrol engine.This led to a 61.3 mm reduction in engine block length for even more compact design.

Semi-closed deck: The block design uses the semi-closed deck type that proves its durability in the turbocharged petrol models. This increases rigidity around the head gasket mating areas.

Metal matrix composite journal: All 5 main bearings (journals) in the cylinder block incorporate metal matrix composite journals (which are inserted during the casting process), resulting in

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superior levels of quietness due to its high rigidity and similarity in the thermal expansion ratio to that of crankshaft.

Extra cooling channels: Cooling slits were given between the cylinder bores to operate as water cooling channels, thus improving cooling performance.

Pistons

High strength materials were used to withstand the high combustion pressures of the diesel engine. Cooling channels within the pistons have been incorporated, with engine oil squirted via oil jets, which enhances piston cooling. For the Legacy, the shape of the piston crowns was changed. In addition, improvements made to gas flow within the combustion chamber improved combustion efficiency and reduced particulate matter (PM), which has in turn improved exhaust gas emissions.

Connecting rods

The large ends of the connecting rods feature asymmetrical profile, which increases precision during assembly and in roundness of the surface connecting the crankpin for reduced friction. It also contributed to minimize the rotational path thus enabled to employ extended piston stroke nside the compact cylinder block.

Crankshaft

The crankshaft in the BOXER DIESEL can be designed shorter and lightweight compared toconventional in-line engines due to its overwrapping bore arrangement between both banks. This minimizes the bending moment caused by the combustion pressure thus contributes to lower the rising of noise level in higher rpm’s. The high strength crankshafts underwent surface treatment to withstand the high combustion pressures that are found in a diesel engine.

Glow plugs

The glow plugs are a ceramic type, which raised the maximum temperature, providing better start-up at cold temperatures and stability.

2. Valve system / intake and exhaust system

Cylinder head

High strength cylinder heads were used to withstand the high combustion pressures.

Roller rocker arms: Compact and low friction end pivot type roller rocker arms were used in combination with double overhead cam (DOHC) system.

Valve System: The diameter of the intake valves were optimized for enhanced breathing performance and swirl ratios, resulting in improved combustion efficiency.

Intake ports

The combination of an intake swirl port system and optimized intake valve diameter results in ample swirl performance.

Intake manifold

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The intake manifold is a resin-type for reduce weight and improve torque characteristics and fuel efficiency.

Cam drive system

A highly durable chain system was used to drive the camshaft to handle the variations in torque produced by the diesel engine.

3. Common rail system

A common rail system is used for fuel delivery for better performance. The fuel is pressurized to 180 MPa before being fed into the common rail.

Solenoid injectors: Specially designed injectors are used. A shorter overall length of the injector contributes to maintain overall engine width as that of the regular petrol engine despite the longer piston stroke. The exhaust gas emissions were improved by optimizing control of injection.

4. Turbocharger

A variable nozzle type turbocharger was specially designed to deliver ample turbocharged performance across the entire engine range. The turbocharger itself is positioned under the engine and mounted directly to the catalytic converters for increased environmental friendliness. Response is improved while also helping to lower the centre of gravity. Exhaust gas emissions are enhanced by improving control of variable vanes.

5. Exhaust

The exhaust system was fine tuned for use with the diesel engine. For the Legacy, a single muffler is used to optimize engine output and silence levels, while bringing weight reduction. The addition of a vibration absorbing structure (flexible tube), located in the middle of main exhaust pipe, also increases silence levels and saves weight.

6. Exhaust Emission Control System

A closed-type of diesel particulate filter (DPF) is adopted for the exhaust emission control system. This system also complies with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations for better environmental friendliness. The DPF is positioned together with the turbocharger at the lower part of the engine. This not only improves exhaust gas purification performance, but also helps keeping the centre of gravity low thus contributing to further enhance the superb handling performance originated by the symmetrical AWD.

Oxidation catalytic converter

The catalytic converter separates un-burnt fuel into water and carbon dioxide. The unit is made compact enough to be activated soon after the engine is started. If the temperature rises to 300 °C under certain driving conditions, the oxidation catalytic converter generates NO2 which oxidize the collected Diesel Particulate inside the DPF.

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Closed Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)

The adoption of a closed DPF functions to improve engine combustion efficiency and reduce particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust in order to further enhance environmental friendliness. The closed DPF features a honeycomb shaped filter made of silicon carbide. The filter channels are blocked on alternating ends of each side and there are also microscopic pores on the inner filter wall, thereby functioning to effectively collect the PM as the exhaust gas passes through these microscopic pores. The collected PM is combusted inside of the filter, which reaches 600 °C and higher depending on operating conditions, and repeatedly regenerated to be emitted as carbon dioxide. Conversely, if the internal filter temperature is low with a continuous load operation, the temperature within the layers is controlled to cause combustion of the PM which is then repeatedly regenerated to be emitted as carbon dioxide.

EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system

An EGR system is used to comply with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations. The cooled exhaust gas is fed back into the combustion chamber to lower the combustion temperature and reduce NOx emissions. For the Legacy, the EGR cooler has been enlarged for better exhaust gas emissions.

Legacy: Transmission

The Legacy is provided with the Subaru’s next generation powertrain, aiming at optimization with the advanced engine and improvement of environmental friendliness.

■ CVT “Lineartronic”

As the Subaru’s next generation transmission system, the longitudinally-positioned, chain-type CVT “Lineartronic” for the mass-produced AWD passenger vehicles was introduced last year for the first time* (according to Subaru’s research)to the world market. It is equipped on 2.0i and 2.5i/2.5i Sport. The greatest advantage of CVT is that the efficient revolution range of the engine can be actively utilized. With Lineartronic, while this advantage is maximally used, a linear and natural driving feeling is realized through the vehicle control faithful to the driver’s intentions. (*Claim based on Subaru research.)

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<High efficiency, compact design> 
Instead of an ordinary metallic belt, chains are used for the torque transfer mechanism between the two pulleys that consist of the variator (speed change unit). A compact design and improved transfer efficiency are accomplished. Especially, in the overdrive range that is effective for fuel economy, the transfer efficiency was improved by approximately 5% compared to the belt type. In addition, the primary pulley is offset-positioned from the crankshaft to reduce oil agitation resistance of the variator. Also, the chain frictions and hydraulic pressure system loss are reduced by precisely controlling the hydraulic pressure according to the transfer torque. As a result, excellent fuel efficiency was achieved.

<Layout>

CVT in which two pulleys are combined to shift gears requires, when longitudinally positioned, a larger top-to-bottom and right-to-left size compared to the traditional AT and MT in order to ensure sufficient shifting range. Downsizing of the pulley was made possible by adopting the chain type. The primary pulley is laid out at the upper portion using the gear after the engine crankshaft to minimize the transmission unit width and ensure the footwell for occupants.

<Wide ratio coverage>With the advantage of the compact size between pulley cores compared to ordinary CVT, the ratio coverage 6.3 is achieved by enlarging the difference between the minimum and maximum pulley diameters. This contributes to improve both engine performance and fuel efficiency.

<6-speed manual mode with superior drivability>

The CVT transmission ratio is fixed at specific points to provide 6-speed manual mode. Utilizing the accumulated technologies prior to the electronically-controlled CVT, superior response and controllability, such as gear-shifting at 100 msec or less, have realized sporty driving. 6-speeds was selected for the number of steps as a result of repeated driving tests to aim at gaining necessary engine brake effort and acceleration by the minimum number of shifting. Using the paddle attached to the steering wheel, driver's intended shifting is easily achievable. A straight, four-position shift gate type has been adopted for simple, easy-to-use operability.

■ 6-speed MT (manual transmission)

The lightweight, compact-size 6-speed manual transmission is equipped on 2.0-litre petrol model and 2.0-litre diesel model.

・ To realize a shift feeling, small-effort operability and excellent quietness, the cable-type linkage and the carbon synchronizer for the 1st and 2nd speeds are adopted, achieving excellent operability matching with high quality driving of the Legacy.

・ With the increased ratio coverage by the 6-speed configuration, fuel economy, drivability, and quietness in the high speed range are improved.

・ The constant-engaging synchro-gear is adopted for the reverse gear as well in order to improve the shift feeling.

・ The optimized lubrication path has reduced friction loss, resulting in enhanced fuel efficiency.

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・ Optimization of the dual mass flywheel and clutch damper characteristics have resulted in elimination of the booming noise emitted during low-speed driving.

Legacy: Drivetrain

The Legacy continues to retain the originality of its driving technology.

■ Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel-Drive)

This is a Subaru's original full-time AWD system that provides driving pleasure supported by superior driving performance and reliability. Various advantages delivered by the Horizontally-Opposed engine and the left-right symmetrical, longitudinally-positioned AWD powertrain contribute to balance driving performance, comfort, safety performance and environmental friendliness at high level. The Legacy offers further enhanced safety performance along with the excellent body structure and the cradle engine mount system that enhance collision safety from all directions. Two types of centre differential mechanisms, a core of AWD, are provided according to the transmission type.

<Active torque split AWD> (2.0i and 2.5i Lineartronic models)

The operating conditions of all four wheels, engine torque and VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control) are constantly monitored, and front/rear wheel torque distributions are instantly controlled according to sudden changes on road surfaces. As a result, driving stability and high traction are ensured. In addition, during normal driving, distributions with less torque loss are used, achieving superior stability of the full-time AWD and top fuel efficiency in the class. It is combined with  “Lineartronic”.

<Centre differential AWD with viscous LSD> (2.0i and 2.0D 6MT models)

The system is a combination of the bevel-gear-type centre differential with the basic torque distributions of 50:50 and the viscous coupling for limited slip differential. When the front wheel or rear wheel slips, the viscous coupling corrects the torque distributions to ensure traction. It iscombined with the 6-speed manual transmission.

■ VDC, supporting reliable driving, standard-featured on all models

The Vehicle Dynamics Control system (VDC) that provides the anti-skid function and realizes high driving and safety performance is equipped as a standard feature on all models. Superior driving stability is realized by closely monitoring vehicle behaviour and flexibly controlling ABS (anti-lock brake system), TCS (engine control and brake LSD control for traction control), and VDC (engine control and brake control for anti-skid) based on the information from the sensors.

Legacy: Chassis

The chassis was developed for the Legacy based on “Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept” to realize “Subaru’s comfortable and reliable new drive”. In every scene from daily drive to long

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drive, high level of quality is sought for comfort, and user-friendliness. The chassis structure enables superior drivability and performance as well as excellent collision safety and environmental friendliness.

■ The design to improve all performance, “Cradle mount system”

To reduce vibrations and noise and to enhance riding comfort, the engine mount structure was entirely renewed for the firsttime since Subaru 1000 (Subaru’s first compact car introduced

to the market in 1966). For the total improvement of comfort, driving performance and collision safety, instead of the traditional structure where the engine is directly mounted on the body, the engine and transmission are mounted on the body via the cradle frame that extends from the side of the transmission case. Furthermore, the exhaust system layout is optimized along with the adoption of this mount to enhance environmental friendliness of the turbo model.

<Reduced vibration and noise, and improved riding comfort>

The support portion of the mount is effectively laid-out to minimize the engine vibrations, and as a result, vibrations during idling and acceleration noise are reduced. For instance, the main cushion rubber uses a liquid-filled type, and the engine is supported at four points. Vibrations are restrained by placing the main mount on the side of the torque roll axis of the power unit. In addition, not only the engine but also the front suspension and the electric power steering are mounted on the cradle frame. Therefore, vibrations from the road surface are not easily transferred to the body directly,consequently improving riding comfort and quietness.

<Collision safety>

During front-end collision, the cradle frame bends and the mounted power unit is ideally pushed rearward. As a result, the impact absorption performance of the main frame increased, realizing further advanced safety.

<Drivability>

The increased installation rigidity of the front suspension provides high initial responsiveness during the steering turning.

■ Front suspension

The strut type was adopted. Rigidity is increased by mounting the lower arm to the cradle frame. The steering responsiveness is enhanced, and quietness is increased by reducing vibrations.

Furthermore, the stabilizer radius is enlarged, resulting in improving the roll stiffness without changing the main spring rate. A sense of roadholding during cornering is enhanced, while smooth riding comfort is retained. In addition, along with the tread expansion, the road-hugging property of the tires is improved through the extended wheel stroke and optimized geometry. Shocks from the road surface are smoothly absorbed, thus improving riding comfort.

■ Rear suspension

Cradle mount system

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The double-wishbone type with short height was adopted. The double vibration-proof structure, where all the suspension links and rear differential are installed to the sub-frame via the bushings, and where the large bushings are used between the sub-frame and the vehicle body, is used. By minimizing input of vibrations and noise from the road surface, riding comfort and quietness are improved.

■ Standard damper

Low-friction type dampers were adopted to enhance driving quality and riding comfort. The further optimized structure contributes to realize sinuous driving without hardness or tenseness as well as excellent overall driving performance.

■ Bilstein damper (Sport model only)

On the Sport model, the front-inverted/rear-upright Bilstein dampers were adopted for further sporty driving. The tuning exclusively designed for 18-inch tires realizes a sense of solidness in driving, while smoothness is ensured.

■ Brakes

The four-wheel disc brake with ABS with EBD (Electric Brake-force Distribution) was adopted on all models, enhancing a sense of assurance and reliability. The tie-rod type brake booster is equipped. The booster shell deformation is completely prevented and a sense of rigidity is ensured. A linear, reliable brake feel can be delivered corresponding to the depression of the brake pedal. Along with adoption of VDC on all models, the brake assist is equipped as a standard feature on all models. Emergency braking is detected using the pedal depression speed. Even when the

depression amount is not sufficient, the system increases the brake pressure to immediately assist the deceleration.

■ Electronic parking brake

To realize functional utilities, the electronic parking brake is adopted. Due to adoption of the parking brake switch mounted on the instrument panel on the side below of the steering wheel, the hand brake is abolished, and instead, a storage space is designed around the centre console. Practical interior space is achieved through, for instance, placing drink holders side by side. The parking brake is automatically released when the driver operates the accelerator pedal.

■ Hill hold function

Along with the standard equipment of the electronic parking brake, the hill hold function is added. With the hill hold switch located next to the electronic parking brake pressed, the system automatically activates the brake when the vehicle is stopped on the hill of 5% or more, or automatically deactivates when the vehicle is started. This system operates on both up- and down-hills. To prevent malfunction, the function does not operate, unless not only the doors are closed but also the seat belt is tightened.

■ Electric power steering

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In order to improve fuel economy and a steering feeling, the pinion-assisted electric power steering is adopted. For the steering assist motor, a high output brushless motor with a smooth steering feel and sufficient assist power has been adopted. The system is mounted on the cradle frame at four points using the robust cannon mount method, which increases rigidity of the steering system, and consequently increases initial responsiveness. On this model, the quick ratio steering is adopted for an increased sporty steering feeling.

■ Tires and wheels

2.0i: 205/60R16 tire, 16-inch steel wheel + full wheel cap (16-inch aluminium wheel optional)

2.5i: 215/50R17 tire, 17-inch aluminium wheel

2.5i Sport: 225/45R18 tire, 18-inch aluminium wheel

2.0D: 205/60R16 tire, 16-inch steel wheel + full wheel cap (16-inch aluminium wheel optional)

2.0D Sport: 225/45R18 tire, 18-inch aluminium wheel

A spare tire is abolished on all models. A flat repair kit is adopted for weight reduction.

Legacy: Body

Along with the chassis, the body design was reviewed in detail to create the bone structure to support steady driving and high safety performance of the Legacy.

■The lightweight, high rigid body

With a base of the ring-shaped reinforcement frame where the frame of each pillar is circularly linked to strongly protect the cabin, ultra-high-strength steel plate (980 Mpa level) is used at key portions to realize strength and light weight. By maximally utilizing the characteristics of the adopted cradle mount system, the front body structure is rationally designed to improve the rigidity of the front suspension installation portion, and to enhance steering responsiveness. Weight was maximally reduced. Consequently, drivability and riding comfort are balanced at high level, and a base for comfortable driving faithful to the driver’s intentions is provided.

<Weight reduction through rationally-designed structure>

Along with the improved impact absorption performance by the cradle mount system, the reinforcement structure for the main frame and toe board is simplified, realizing weight reduction of approximately 6 kg around the front body.

<Optimized rigidity balance>

While the rear floor structure is optimized to achieve light weight, the rigidity balance is increased to improve the drivability.

Legacy: Safety

The advanced ring-shaped reinforcement frame body enhances collision safety from all directions.

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In addition, the cradle mount system contributes to enlarge a crushable zone during front-end collision, thus further improving the occupant protection. The Legacy was awarded a top rating 5-star in the latest European New Car Assessment Program.

■ Ring-shaped reinforcement frame body

The basic body structure is designed with the ring-shaped reinforcement frame that received high reputation in collision safety tests in many countries. In this all-directional collision safety body, occupants are protected by ring-shaping the frames around each pillar and then strengthening the front/rear door openings by resembling as a ring. Based on this idea of a safety body, strength and rigidity of body portions are balanced to optimize the energy absorption structure during collision.

<During front-end collision>

During front-end collision, the frame of the cradle mount system, which is adopted to the front body section, bends, as a result, pushing the power unit to the rear-downward direction. As a result, the rearward movement amount of the power unit is largely increased, realizing further efficient collision absorption by the main frame.

<During side collision>

The ultra-high-strength steel plate (980 Mpa level) is used for the B-pillar inside and side sill to improve the cabin area rigidity. Occupants are strongly protected even during side collision. Two door impact beams are placed for each front and rear door. By optimally positioning the structure parts in the door, a sufficient crush space is ensured. Furthermore, the door catcher is equipped to prevent the rear door bottom end from deforming into the cabin.

<During rear-end collision>

Despite the short overhang design, the structure is optimized so that the impact energy is efficiently absorbed by gradually crushing the frame from the rear side.

■ The structure to minimize repair cost for light collision Impact absorbing crash boxes are provided behind the front bumper. When collision speed is

approximately 15 km/hour or less with which the airbag does not deploy, impact can be absorbed without affecting the main frame. In addition, the crash boxes can be replaced separately, aiming at reducing repair cost, time and amount of resource to be used. With the same effect aimed, a bumper beam with an impact absorption feature has been adopted for the rear. Each part of the radiator panel is fixed by bolt-tightening, instead of ordinary welding. By making the part replacement during repairing easier, the cost is minimized.

■ Front safety seat

Instead of integrating a whiplash relief structure, the seat frame and inner structures are improved, such as a significant increase of seat stiffness, to be able to exert a whiplash relief effect by the seat unit itself. Unlike an active headrest with the similar effect, seating comfort is significantly mproved due to the spring placed in the entire seat back. An energy-absorbing headrest was adopted to reduce head impact.

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■ SRS airbags

By optimizing the operation sensor layout, detection performance during collision is improved, resulting in further ensuring the occupant protection performance. The front dual, side and curtain airbags are equipped as standard on all models. The side and curtain airbags are enlarged for enhanced performance.

■ Lower leg protection function for driver’s seat

To protect the driver’s knee vicinity during collision, the steering column inner structure is renewed. The impact absorption space is ensured and the knee protector is adopted for high safety performance. In addition, the pedals including the foot rest are equipped with a drop-off function and an impact absorbing function.

■ Pedestrian protection

<Chest protection>

The impact absorbing materials and optimized structure around the front bumper have made it possible to clear the European next generation regulations on protection of pedestrian chest that are the most stringent in the world.

<Head protection>

For efficient impact absorption, steel is used for the hood. The impact absorbing space is enlarged and structure is improved around the body cowl to reduce impact.

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Legacy: Engine Data

Legacy 2.0i Legacy 2.5i

2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC 2.5-litre 4-cylinder SOHC

Max Power: 110kW (150PS)/6,000rpm Max Power: 123kW (167PS)/5,600rpm

Max Torque: 196Nm (20.0kgfm)/3,000rpm Max Torque: 229Nm (23.4kgfm)/4,000rpm

Legacy 2.0D

2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC DIESEL turbo

Max Power: 110kW (150PS)/3,600rpm

Max Torque: 350Nm (35.7kgfm)/1,800-2,400rpm

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Legacy : Specifications <Station Wagon>2.0i 2.5i 2.5i Sport

Itemineartronic Lineartronic

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed, 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol engine

Type

DOHC 16-valve SOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 92.0 X 75.0 99.5 X 79.0

Capacity cc 1,994 2,457

Compression ratio 10.2 10.0

Fuel system Multi Point Sequential Injection

Fuel tank capacity lit. 65

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 110 (150)/6,000 123(167)/5,600

Max. torque (DIN) Nm (kgfm)/rpm 196(20.0)/3,000 229(23.4)/4,000

Max. speed km/h 206(in 5th gear) 200(in Drange) 205(in D range) 205(in D range)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 9.8 11.3 10.3 10.3

Urban lit./100 km 11.7 10.8 11.1 11.3

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 6.8 6.5 6.4 6.8

Combined lit./100 km 8.6 8.1 8.1 8.4

Urban g/km 271 250 257 263

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 158 151 149 157

Combined g/km 199 187 188 196

DRIVETRAIN

Centre differential gear

AWD type coupled with viscous

LSD

Active Torque Split AWD system

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,775

Overall width mm 1,780

Overall height mm 1,535

Wheelbase mm 2,750

Front mm 1,545 1,530 1,530

Track

Rear mm 1,545 1,530 1,535

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 150

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,726

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,463 1,503 1,507 1,524

Towing capacity kg 1,500 1,500 1,800 1,800

TRANS-AXLE

Gear ratio D range (Lineartronic) – 3.525 – 0.558 3.525 – 0.558

1st 3.454 3.525 3.525

2nd 1.947 2.238 2.238

3rd 1.296 1.641 1.641

4th 0.972 1.194 1.194

5th 0.825 0.850 0.850

6th 0.695 0.611 0.611

Reverse 3.636 2.358 2.358

Final drive axle ratio 4.111 3.700 3.700

CHASSIS

Steering Pinion-assist type electric power steering system

Front Coil suspension, MacPherson strut type

Suspension (4-wheel independent)

Rear Coil suspension, Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.5

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 205/60R16, 16 x 6" 1/2JJ 215/50R17, 17 x 7" 1/2J 225/45R18, 18 x 7" 1/2JJ

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to 715/2007/EC-692/2008/EC.

*2 Measured by VDA(V214)

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included. Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

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Legacy : Specifications <Station Wagon>rical AWD (All-Wheel Sport

ItemMT

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed, 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, turbocharged,

Type diesel engine

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 86.0 X 86.0

Capacity cc 1,998

Compression ratio 16.3

Fuel system Common rail system

Fuel tank capacity lit. 65

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 110(150)/3,600

Max. torque (DIN) Nm (kgfm)/rpm 350(35.7)/1,800–2,400

Max. speed km/h 203(in 6th gear) 203(in 6th gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 9.6 9.6

Urban lit./100 km 7.6 7.9

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 5.3 5.5

Combined lit./100 km 6.1 6.4

Urban g/km 199 207

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 139 146

Combined g/km 161 168

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type

Centre differential gear coupled with viscous LSD

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,775

Overall width mm 1,780

Overall height mm 1,535

Wheelbase mm 2,750

Track Front mm 1,545 1,530

Rear mm 1,545 1,535

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 150

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,726

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,557 1,583

Towing capacity kg 1,700 1,700

TRANS-AXLE

Gear ratio D range (Lineartronic) –

1st 3.454

2nd 1.750

3rd 1.062

4th 0.785

5th 0.634

6th 0.557

Reverse 3.636

Final drive axle ratio 4.111

CHASSIS

Steering Pinion-assist type electric power steering system

Front Coil suspension, MacPherson strut type Suspension (4-wheel independent)

Rear Coil suspension, Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.5

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 205/60R16, 16 x 6" 1/2JJ 225/45R18, 18 x 7" 1/2JJ

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to 715/2007/EC-692/2008/EC.

*2 Measured by VDA(V214)

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included. Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

31

Legacy : Specifications <Sedan>

6MT Lineartronic Lineartronic

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed, Type 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol engine

DOHC 16-valve SOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 92.0 X 75.0 99.5 X 79.0

Capacity cc 1,994 2,457

Compression ratio 10.2 10.0

Fuel system Multi Point Sequential Injection

Fuel tank capacity lit. 65

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 110(150)/6,000 123(167)/5,600

Max. torque (DIN) Nm (kgfm)/rpm 196(20.0)/3,000 229(23.4)/4,000

Max. speed km/h 210(in 5th gear) 203(in D range) 210(in D range) 210(in D range)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 9.5 11.1 10.3 10.3

Urban lit./100 km 11.8 10.8 11.0 11.2

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.4

Combined lit./100 km 8.5 8.0 8.0 8.2

Urban g/km 273 250 256 261

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 155 148 145 150

Combined g/km 198 185 185 190

DRIVETRAIN

Centre differential gear

AWD type coupled with viscous LSD

Active Torque Split AWD system

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,730

Overall width mm 1,780

Overall height mm 1,505

Wheelbase mm 2,750

Track Front mm 1,545 1,530

Rear mm 1,550 1,535

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 150

Cargo volume*2 lit. 486

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,420 1,460 1,462 1,479

Towing capacity kg 1,500 1,500 1,800 1,800

TRANS-AXLE

Gear ratio D range (Lineartronic) – 3.525 – 0.558 3.525 – 0.558

1st 3.454 3.525 3.525

2nd 1.947 2.238 2.238

3rd 1.296 1.641 1.641

4th 0.972 1.194 1.194

5th 0.825 0.850 0.850

6th 0.695 0.611 0.611

Reverse 3.636 2.358 2.358

Final drive axle ratio 4.111 3.700 3.700

CHASSIS

Steering Pinion-assist type electric power steering system

Suspension (4-wheel independent) Front Coil suspension, MacPherson strut type

Rear Coil suspension, Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.5

Brakes Front Ventilated disc brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 205/60R16, 16 x 6" 1/2JJ 215/50R17, 17 x 7" 1/2J 225/45R18, 18 x 7" 1/2JJ

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to715/2007/EC-692/2008/EC.

*2 Measured by VDA method.

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

32

Legacy : Preliminary Specifications <Sedan>

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed, 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, turbocharged, Type diesel engine

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 86.0 X 86.0

Capacity cc 1,998

Compression ratio 16.3

Fuel system Common rail system

Fuel tank capacity lit. 65

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 110(150)/3,600

Max. torque (DIN) Nm (kgfm)/rpm 350(35.7)/1,800–2,400

Max. speed km/h 206(in 6th gear) 206(in 6th gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 9.3 9.3

Urban lit./100 km 7.5 7.9

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 5.1 5.3

Combined lit./100 km 5.9 6.3

Urban g/km 196 207

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 133 140

Combined g/km 156 165

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type

Centre differential gear coupled with viscous LSD

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,730

Overall width mm 1,780

Overall height mm 1,505

Wheelbase mm 2,750

Front mm 1,545 1,530

Track

Rear mm 1,550 1,535

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 150

Cargo volume*2 lit. 486

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,501 1,527

Towing capacity kg 1,700 1,700

TRANS-AXLE

Gear ratio D range (Lineartronic) –

1st 3.454

2nd 1.750

3rd 1.062

4th 0.785

5th 0.634

6th 0.557

Reverse 3.636

Final drive axle ratio 4.111

CHASSIS

Steering Pinion-assist type electric power steering system

Front Coil suspension, MacPherson strut type Suspension (4-wheel independent)

Rear Coil suspension, Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.5

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 205/60R16, 16 x 6" 1/2JJ 225/45R18, 18 x 7" 1/2JJ

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to715/2007/EC-692/2008/EC.

*2 Measured by VDA method.

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

33

Legacy: Standard and Optional Features <Station Wagon>

Station Wagon

2.0i 2.5i 2.5i Sport 2.0D 2.0D

Item Sport

6MT Lineartronic Lineartronic Lineartronic 6MT 6MT

Exterior

Auto on/off headlamps

HID headlamps with auto levelizer OP OP   OP 

Pop-up type headlamp washers OP OP   OP 

Front fog lamps      

Rear fog lamp      

Sporty type front grille and front bumper – – –  – 

Power-folding door mirrors with built-in LED turn signal      

UV protection glass: Windshield, front and rear side windows      

Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear windows – – –  – 

Intermittent rear window wiper      

16-inch steel wheels with full-wheel caps   – –  

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels OP OP – – OP –

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels – –  – – –

18-inch aluminium alloy wheels – – –  – 

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof OP OP OP OP OP OP

Side sill spoiler      

Roof spoiler      

Seating / Trims

Leather wrapped steering wheel OP OP   OP 

Leather seats* OP OP OP OP OP OP

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat)   – –  

10-way power adjustable driver’s seat (with lumbar support) OP OP   OP 

Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat)      

Keyless access and push button start linked seat memory function(driver's seat) OP OP OP OP OP OP

Seat memory function(driver's seat) OP OP OP OP OP OP

Front seat heaters OP OP   OP 

Carbon-effect interior accents – – –  – 

60/40 split folding and reclining rear seats      

One-touch folding rear seats      

Seat back pocket      

Comfort / Convenience

Power windows*1      

Remote control key system      

Keyless access and push button start system OP OP OP OP OP OP

Electronic parking brake      

Map lamps with overhead cascade lighting      

Luggage space lamp      

Vanity mirrors with lids and lamps (for driver and front passenger)      

Centre tray      

Dual lid centre console box      

Front cup holders      

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)      

Rear cup holders (in rear seat centre armrest)      

Rear seat centre armrest      

Interior fuel lid lock release      

12-volt power outlet (in the centre console box)      

4 cargo hooks      

2 luggage hooks      

Retractable cargo cover      

Box sub-trunk (under cargo strage)      

Tyre repair kit      

*Synthetic leather (PVC) is used for some parts of seats' upholstery

*1 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function with pinch protection.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to  market.

34

Legacy: Standard and Optional Features <Station Wagon>

Station Wagon

2.0i 2.5i 2.5i Sport 2.0D 2.0D

Item Sport

6MT Lineartronic Lineartronic Lineartronic 6MT 6MT

Climate control

Dual-zone automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter      

Rear ventilation system OP OP OP OP – –

Heater ducts for rear passengers      

Windshield wiper de-icer OP OP   OP 

Automatic rain-sensing windshield wipers      

Heated door mirrors      

Front and side defrosters      

Electric rear window defogger with timer      

Entertainment and Navigation

Premium audio system with SRS CS Auto*2: 6-CD changer and 6 speakers      

DVD navigation*3 and audio system with Dolby Pro Logic*4: 1-CD and 6 speakers OP OP OP OP OP OP

McIntosh audio with 5.1ch surround sound system, 10 speakers and navigation – – OP OP OP OP

Steering wheel mounted audio satellite switches      

Bluetooth®*5 compatible hands-free system      

Auxiliary audio input jack (in the centre console box)      

Audio/Visual auxiliary input jack (in the centre console box) OP OP OP OP OP OP

Rear vision camera system OP OP OP OP OP OP

Control / Instruments

Liquid Crystal Display and 4 gauges with metallic-finish rings      

ECO gauge      

Shift up indicator  – – –  

Multi information display*6      

Engine oil level warning lamp      

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel      

Paddle shift –    – –

Cruise control      

Aluminium pedals – – –  – 

Drivability

Vehicle Dynamics Control System with OFF switch      

Bilstein*7 shock absorbers(Front inverted type) – – –  – 

Traction Control System      

Hill holder      

Safety

Front SRS*8 airbags      

Front side SRS*8 airbags (for driver and front passenger)      

Curtain SRS*8 airbags (front and rear, both sides)      

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)      

Steering column support beam      

Whiplash reducing seats      

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions      

Seatbelt indicator (for driver and front passenger)      

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters      

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)      

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions      

Safety brake pedal system      

4-sensor/4-channel ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution      

Brake assist system with tie-rod tandem booster      

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)      

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)      

Engine immobiliser      

*2 SRS, SRS CS Auto and ( ● ) symbol are trademarks of SRS Labs, Inc.      

*3 Equipped with 8-inch VGA centre display.

*4 Dolby, Pro Logic and the double-D symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby

Laboratories.

*5 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*6 It shows: current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption,driving range, ambient temperature and clock.

*7 Bilstein is a product of ThyssenKrupp Bilstein GmbH.

*8 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.

35

Legacy : Standard and Optional Features <Sedan>

Sedan

2.0i 2.5i 2.5i Sport 2.0D 2.0D Sport Item

6MT Lineartronic Lineartronic Lineartronic 6MT 6MT

Exterior

Auto on/off headlamps      

HID headlamps with auto levelizer OP OP   OP 

Pop-up type headlamp washers OP OP   OP 

Front fog lamps      

Rear fog lamp      

Sporty type front grille and front bumper – – –  – 

Power-folding door mirrors with built-in LED turn signal      

UV protection glass: Windshield, front and rear side windows      

Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear windows – – –  – 

Intermittent rear window wiper      

16-inch steel wheels with full-wheel caps   – –  

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels OP OP – – OP –

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels – –  – – –

18-inch aluminium alloy wheels – – –  – 

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof OP OP OP OP OP OP

Side sill spoiler      

Roof spoiler      

Seating / Trims

Leather wrapped steering wheel OP OP   OP 

Leather seats* OP OP OP OP OP OP

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat)   – –  

10-way power adjustable driver’s seat (with lumbar support) OP OP   OP 

Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat)      

Keyless access and push button start linked seat memory function(driver's seat) OP OP OP OP OP OP

Seat memory function(driver's seat) OP OP OP OP OP OP

Front seat heaters OP OP   OP 

Carbon-effect interior accents – – –  – 

Seat back pocket      

Comfort / Convenience

Power windows*1      

Remote control key system      

Keyless access and push button start system OP OP OP OP OP OP

Electronic parking brake      

Map lamps with overhead cascade lighting      

Trunk lamp      

Vanity mirrors with lids and lamps (for driver and front passenger)      

Centre tray      

Dual lid centre console box      

Front cup holders      

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)      

Rear cup holders (in rear seat centre armrest)      

Rear seat centre armrest      

Interior fuel lid lock release      

Remote switch trunk opener      

12-volt power outlet (in the centre console box)      

Box sub-trunk (under cargo strage)      

Tyre repair kit      

*Synthetic leather (PVC) is used for some parts of seats' upholstery

*1 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function with pinch protection.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.

36

Legacy : Standard and Optional Features <Sedan>

Sedan

2.0i 2.5i 2.5i Sport 2.0D 2.0D

Item Sport

6MT Lineartronic Lineartronic Lineartronic 6MT 6MT

Climate control

Dual-zone automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter      

Rear ventilation system OP OP OP OP – –

Heater ducts for rear passengers      

Windshield wiper de-icer OP OP   OP 

Automatic rain-sensing windshield wipers      

Heated door mirrors      

Front and side defrosters      

Electric rear window defogger with timer      

Entertainment and Navigation

Premium audio system with SRS CS Auto*2: 6-CD changer and 6 speakers      

DVD navigation*3 and audio system with Dolby Pro Logic*4: 1-CD and 6

speakers OP OP OP OP OP OP

McIntosh audio with 5.1ch surround sound system, 10 speakers and

navigation – – OP OP OP OP

Steering wheel mounted audio satellite switches      

Bluetooth®*5 compatible hands-free system      

Auxiliary audio input jack (in the centre console box)      

Audio/Visual auxiliary input jack (in the centre console box) OP OP OP OP OP OP

Rear vision camera system OP OP OP OP OP OP

Control / Instruments

Liquid Crystal Display and 4 gauges with metallic-finish rings      

ECO gauge      

Shift up indicator  – – –  

Multi information display*6      

Engine oil level warning lamp      

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel      

Paddle shift – __________   – –

Cruise control      

Aluminium pedals – – –  – 

Drivability

Vehicle Dynamics Control System with OFF switch      

Bilstein*7 shock absorbers(Front inverted type) – – –  – 

Traction Control System      

Hill holder      

Safety

Front SRS*8 airbags      

Front side SRS*8 airbags (for driver and front passenger)      

Curtain SRS*8 airbags (front and rear, both sides)      

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)      

Steering column support beam      

Whiplash reducing seats      

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions      

Seatbelt indicator (for driver and front passenger)      

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters      

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)      

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions      

Safety brake pedal system      

4-sensor/4-channel ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution      

Brake assist system with tie-rod tandem booster      

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)      

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)      

Engine immobiliser      

*2 SRS, SRS CS Auto and ( ● ) symbol are trademarks of SRS Labs, Inc.      

*3 Equipped with 8-inch VGA centre display.

*4 Dolby, Pro Logic and the double-D symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby Laboratories.

*5 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*6 It shows: current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption,driving range, ambient temperature and clock.

*7 Bilstein is a product of ThyssenKrupp Bilstein GmbH.

*8 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.

37

Outback: Aim of development

The Pioneer of “Crossover Concept”

The Outback sparked the trend in crossover vehicles. As a pioneer of the crossover concept, the Outback has been receiving high praise worldwide since its debut in 1995 (in 1996 for Europe) for its unique combination of passenger car’s superior handling performance and riding comfort and SUV’s drivability and multifunctionality, while utilising characteristics of the symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel-Drive). On the fourth generation Outback (launched in 2009), the traditional “crossover” characteristics was further advanced to introduce Subaru’s aims of comfort, reliability and environmental friendliness for all occupants by its design, packaging and powerunit.

Outback: Model Concept

Subaru aimed at a new driving quality level, that is a comfort and enjoyment level that benefits not only the driver, but all the vehicle’s passengers. Equally important, highly-balanced safety performance and environmental friendliness was achieved. While a powerful, appealing silhouette was created, the multifunctional, practical SUV factors are maintained; the Outback introduces new values as a perfect-fit, versatile crossover vehicle.

<Superb Dynamics with Confidence>

With the excellent handling performance and reliability offered by the Subaru’s unique Horizontally-Opposed engine and Symmetrical AWD, all of which have been improved since the birth of the Outback model, sportiness and excellent multifunctionality, such as adequate ground clearance were integrated into a unique package.

<Space & Comfort>

The packaging focussing on interior space, the chassis system, as well as excellent utilities combines to offer comfortable and stress-free driving performance.

<Safety & Economy>

In addition to the already-established excellent basic safety performance, safety was further improved through the addition of the cradle engine mount system. Furthermore, economic efficiency was increased through “Lineartronic”, the CVT (continuously valuable transmission) that was developed as Subaru’s next-generation automatic transmission, SUBARU BOXER DIESEL line-ups that were introduced to the world market for the first time as mass-production passenger vehicle, and improved gasoline engine efficiency. Euro 5 is complied by all engine models for enhanced environmental friendliness.

Major refinement in the 2011 model

・ Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat) is added for all models.

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Outback: Line-up

Three versions are offered for the European markets: 2.5i with Subaru Boxer 4-cylinder 2.5-litre SOHC, 3.6R with Subaru Boxer 6-cylinder 3.6-litre DOHC, and 2.0D with Subaru Boxer Diesel 4-cylinder 2.0-litre DOHC turbo.

<2.5i>

With focus on the low-end torque, this model is powered by the Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder,

2.5-litre SOHC engine. Combining with the Lineartronic transmission, environmental friendliness

and fuel economy are improved, realising the fuel efficiency equivalent to the 2.0-litre non-turbo

engine. With Lineartronic, manual shifting is also possible using the paddle shifter fixed to the

steering wheel. Ample displacement provides ample torque and sporty driving. While sufficient

road clearance (200 mm) is retained, superior stability and drivability are also realised during

cornering and straight-running by the excellent balance between the Subaru’s unique Boxer

engine (low centre of gravity) and Symmetrical AWD. 225/60R17 tyres and aluminium wheels are

equipped as standard features.

<3.6R>

Powered by the Horizontally-Opposed 6-cylinder engine, praised for its ideal revolution balance,

the 3.6R represents a flagship model. The 3.6-litre provides high quality, comfortable driving. The

compact size engine and low centre of gravity contributes to the car’s sharp handling. The ride is

not only comfortable, it is also sporty. This engine complies with Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations.

Subaru’s unique engine and transmission management system, SUBARU Intelligent Drive

(SI-DRIVE) - a system which offers three driving modes - is equipped as standard. The Outback

3.6R offers adequately balanced performance; this includes the benefits of the crossover’s

superior drivability and high-quality riding comfort. This results in a unique package, one that is

particularly suited to active life style drivers and their families.

* SI-DRIVE

Intelligent Mode: Gentle power-output is provided. Best used when driver considers fuel-economy

during city- and long-distance driving.

Sport Mode: Straight-forward acceleration with superb response is offered. Best used when sporty

driving such as winding roads and high-speed way is intended.

Sport Sharp Mode: Response to acceleration effort is focused. Best used when driving pleasure is

desired.

<2.0D>

The version is powered by the Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder 2.0-litre DOHC diesel turbo engine,

SUBARU BOXER DIESEL - the world first engine of its kind for mass-production passenger

vehicle. In addition to supplying ample torque, characteristics of diesel engines, this model

complies with Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations. The closed DPF contributes to reducing particulate

matter (PM) in the exhaust in order to further improve exhaust gas performance. A 6MT is installed

39

to offer quiet, sporty driving performance of BOXER DIESEL characteristics, as well as excellent

multifunctionality and high environmental friendliness.

Outback: Packaging

The Outback especially features not only pursuit of the already established driver’s-car concept,

but also achievement of highly improved comfort for all occupants, that is, “packaging innovation”.

■ Space-focused packaging

By increasing overall height, overall width and wheelbase, packaging has focused on

spaciousness of passenger compartment. Compared to the third generation model, interior height

is extended by 40 mm, distance between right and left seats by 30 mm, and between front and

rear seats by 62 mm. In addition, large seats are equipped to increase space around each

occupant, offering further comfortable travel for all occupants.

■ The body shape providing an excellent field of vision and easy handling

To achieve a body design with high visibility and space-conscious packaging, outer dimensions are

designed not to impair the superior field of vision and the minimum turning diameter that are

characteristics of Subaru vehicles. As a result, easy handling with the minimum turning diameter of

11.0 m and ample passenger compartment are achieved at the same time.

■ Open field of vision

Detailed attention was paid to create bright, comfortable interior space for all occupants. Especially,

the ideas of window shapes and pillar layout are advanced to enhance openness for the rear seats.

The newly adopted sash doors contribute to enlarge the rear door opening space, resulting in

improved rear seat accessibility.

■ Excellent drivability

The road clearance of 200 mm provides excellent drivability of SUV characteristics. As a result,

comfortable driving is maintained even on rough roads and on snow.

■ Outback inner and outer dimensions (Unit: mm)

Overall length (mm) 4775

Overall width (mm) 1820

Overall height (mm) 1615

Wheelbase (mm) 2745

Outback: Utilities

Utilities are enhanced through the large capacity luggage/trunk room and ample storage space.

40

■ Practicality-enhanced luggage room/trunk room

While width and height of the luggage room were increased, depth is retained to shape the

luggage area for easy access without pulling up user’s upper body, realizing excellent practicality.

The electromagnetic type switch is used for the opener for easy operation with a light touch.

■ Luggage room dimensions

Volume VDA (litre) 526

■ Seat function

Seat comfort is sought to provide further relaxation, while the seat functions well support

occupants’ seating postures during driving. Detailed attention is paid to the stitches for sporty

impression.

・ A deep hollow surface designed on the back of the front seat back rest extends the knee space

for rear occupants.

・ The 10-way power seat, including the lumbar support, is provided for the driver’s seat for

improved convenience and comfort. (Standard equipment for 2.5i and 3.6R. Optional for 2.0D.)

・ When the optional leather interior package is selected, the memory function is added to the

driver’s power seat. Two sets of seat positions can be memorized for slide, height (including

tilt), and reclining amount. (Optional for all models)

・ The 8-way power adjustable passenger’s sear is provided on the 3.6R, when the optional

leather seat is adopted. (Without the memory function)

・ Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat) is added for all models.

・ When the push button start option is selected, seat positions can be memorized to the keyless

access key as well. With a seat position stored to the keyless access key, even if the seat

position is changed, the seat is automatically restored to the memorized position next time the

door is unlocked with the smart key.

・ For the rear seats, reclining mechanism is provided as a standard feature for improved rear

seat comfort during long driving. The backrest has adopted a 60/40 split-folding type for

flexible arrangement, and is also conveniently provided with remote reclining mechanism that

is one-touch operable from the luggage room.

■ Storage space

・ The double-structured centre console consists of a large console pocket and tray, and total of

12V power supply and AUX input terminal are provided. Two types of the lid-armrest part are

provided according to the transmission type. A lower position type is designed for the 6MT

model for better operability, while a higher position type is designed for the Lineartronic and

5AT model with relaxing driving posture considered.

・ To the centre console front, two-cup holders are laid out side by side for better usability.

・ A 500-ml plastic bottle can be stored on all door pockets, and a 5-cm thickness box tissue can

be also fitted on the front door pockets.

・ For the roof trim, the overhead console is conveniently provided for sunglasses and small item

storage.

・ Built-in cup holders are equipped on the rear seat armrest.

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■ Other equipment

・ Driver’s power window is equipped with the auto UP/DOWN function. The anti-trap

auto-reverse function operates to prevent accidents during UP operations.

・ Tilt-up and inner-slide type sunroof: Optional for all models. The anti-trap auto-reverse function

operates to prevent accidents.

・ Auto on/off headlamps (standard equipment for all models): Headlight function that

automatically activates/deactivates the light according to the surrounding brightness.

・ Automatic rain-sensing windowsield wipers (standard equipment for all models): Function that

detects any rain drop on the windshield and automatically activates the wipers.

・ Keyless access and push button start: With the access key carried, the doors can be unlocked

by simply touching the touch sensor on the front door handle. The doors can be locked using

the switch on the door handle. In addition, by simply pressing the push button ignition switch,

the engine can be started without inserting the key. (Optional for all models.)

・ Front seat heaters: Standard equipment for 2.5i and 3.6R. Optional for 2.0D.

Outback: Exterior

The “beautility” of the existing Outback was enhanced through the addition of a stronger road

presence.

■ Exterior design

The exterior was designed with the theme of “Aggressive” and “Presence”. The designing focused

on the sportiness, a sense of stability by AWD, strength of SUV, spacious interior space, and

excellent functionality.

<Large long-slitted headlight providing strong presence>

The headlight unit was designed long in longitudinal direction with three-dimensional inner layout

to express strong presence. To achieve this appearance, designing included layout of devices in

the engine compartment.

<Front design integrating Subaru’s identities and Outback’s strength>

For the front grille, the wing motif design that represents Subaru’s identity is integrated with

horizontal-tone design expressing strength of SUVs, thus emphasising Outback's uniqueness. In

addition, the front face that portrays a sense of stability is formed by placing the round fog light

with a functional feel to both sides of the rugged bumper below.

<Wheel arch expressing high driving quality>

Subaru’s high driving quality and excellent drivability by AWD are expressed through the

widely-projecting, solid surface wheel arch and fender flare.

<Strong lower body and flowing cabin>

The lower body was designed with minimum character lines in order to emphasize thickness and

express strong and calm driving. On the other hand, to provide sophisticated sporty presence, the

42

cabin is designed with flowing lines.

<Chrome parts expressing “dignity”>

To express dignified richness that the Outback has sought for, chrome parts that offer high quality

brightness are used at many locations. Especially, the chrome-plated moulding around the side

window edges not only enhances the cabin presence, but also contributes to create a toned look

around the glass area.

<Rear design expressing freshness>

The rear design that provides SUV’s tough impression by emphasising the D-pillar instead of the

glass-to-glass window graphic as it used to be on the previous Outback. While the Outback’s

uniqueness is retained, the design offers a sense of innovation. In addition, the rear design

expressing presence and depth is achieved by combining the large rear combination light, garnish

in the same colour as the body, and bumper without a silencer cut-out.

■ Other standard equipment

・ The direct-installation type is used for the roof rail to enhance the utilities.

・ The power-folding door mirrors with LED side turn light are adopted.

■ Body colour

Eight colour selections are provided:

Galaxy Blue Silica, Crystal Black Silica, Graphite Gray Metallic, Steel Silver Metallic, Camellia Red

Pearl, Satin White Pearl, Sage Green Metallic, Sunlight Gold Opal.

Outback: Interior

Rich and high-end interior space is offered, integrated with the dynamic appearance shared with

the exterior design.

■ Interior design

The interior was designed with the theme of “Active” and “Quality Feeling”. Instead of simply

seeking spaciousness, the Outback expresses high-end quality and functionality not only for the

driver, but also for all passengers. Special attention was dedicated to user-friendly utilities and

pleasant display layout.

<Interior colour providing luxury atmosphere>

Two colours (ivory and off-black) are provided for the interior. The centre panel surface is

hairline-processed in detail to express a metallic texture. To differentiate each model, two

decorative panel types are offered: “silver tone” that expresses cool atmosphere with a metallic

feel, and “wood tone” that creates a unique atmosphere with pearl-like shine on the fine grain

wood base.

<Instrument panel emphasizing the lateral direction stretch>

By crossing the instrument panel and front door trim surfaces at a right angle to add sharp edges,

43

the shade creates illusion of lateral-direction stretch.

<Roof trims considering openness>

By optimizing the roof interior structure, smooth roof trims was achieved. As a result, interior

openness is enhanced.

<Instrument panel layout with integration of functionality and richness>

For the instrument panel, sharp edges with a look of being sculptured from a large block create

expressive shade for a long-lasting fresh feel. The operation switches are laid out to reduce the

movement of the driver’s line of sight and improvement of reachability. In addition, the

multi-information display is positioned on the instrument panel upper surface of the navigation

display in order to be visible from all seats.

<Select lever enhancing driving atmosphere>

The shift knob of the Lineartronic and 5AT model adopted short grip length and simple straight

design to improve operability. In addition, metallic materials used for the grip portion add advanced

and mechanical atmosphere.

■ Combination gauge

・ A series of four meters with an aluminium vapor coating ring was adopted with a liquid crystal

display in the centre. The meters and display are illuminated constantly even in daytime to

improve visibility. The gradation portions of the meters turn colours: light blue with the ignition

ON, and white with the ignition OFF. The gauges have a sweep function in which the indicators

move to the maximum position when the ignition key is turned to ON and then quickly return in

order to heighten the excitement of driving.

・ For the diesel model, a glow indicator, sedimenter warning light, and DPF warning light was

added.

■ Multi-information display

・ The multi-information display that displays ambient temperature, fuel consumption information

and digital clock is located at the centre panel centre, a position viewable from all seats. A

display of instantaneous fuel efficiency, average fuel efficiency, driving range and off mode can

be selected.

・ Considering visibility and safety, the passenger's seat belt warning light has been added.

■ Steering

・ A sporty-impression form is designed. The lightweight, high rigidity steering column offers a

high-quality steady steering feel.

・ For the Lineartronic and 5AT model, the compact paddle shifter fixed to the steering wheel is

equipped as standard. While operability during driving is enhanced and manual-shift driving

can be enjoyed, parts around the steering wheel are neatly designed.

44

Outback: Comfort

The vehicle is equipped, considering further enhancement of riding comfort and pleasant interior

space.

■ Air conditioner

・ Dual full automatic air conditioners are equipped on all models. For the condenser, a sub-cool

type is adopted for efficient usage of compressor and coolant to improve the cooling

performance.

・ Rear heater ducts are equipped on all models. On some models, rear seat ventilation system

is provided for enhanced rear seat comfort. (Optional equipment for 2.5i. Standard on 3.6R.)

・ The diesel engine possesses good heat efficiency meaning that water temperature does not

readily increase during normal driving, making it necessary to use the Positive Temperature

Coefficient heater (PTC heater) that provides supplementary heating in order to improve

heating performance immediately after starting the engine and in regions of extremely cold

temperatures.

■ Audio and navigation system

Premium audio system (6-CD and AM/FM tuner) (equipped on all models)

・ Two high performance glass antennas are provided on the rear glass. Unlike ordinary diversity

by selective single tuner (selecting signals from better reception between two antennas), the

method, called a phase diversity by double tuners, where signals from two antennas are

combined to reproduce better sound, was adopted. In addition, “IF DSP” tuner is featured, that

reduces noise effectively, minimizing degradation of a signal by digital signal processing inside

a radio.

・ Tuning is set exclusively for the Outback, such as adoption of a built-in parametric equalizer

and time alignment function. Through the adoption of SRS CS Auto*1 and 6 speakers including

tweeters installed on the side of the instrument panel, realistic sound can be reproduced.

・ In addition to MP3/WMA and CD-R/RW, the Bluetooth*2 handsfree phone function is supported.

・ To improve operability during driving, control switches of audio and handsfree phone are

provided to the steering wheel.

*1SRS Circle Surround Automotive is trademark of SRS Labs, Inc.

*2Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.

DVD navigation system and audio system (Optional for all models)

・ For the navigation system, a high-resolution wide VGA 8-inch large monitor and high-speed

600 MHz CPU are adopted to improve visibility and practicality. LED is adopted for the back

light to display clearly even immediately after power-on and for better environmental

considerations.

・ For navigation-system equipped vehicles, the rear view camera mounted into the rear gate is

equipped as a standard feature. The system superimposes a camera image and guide lines

such as for a parking lot on the navigation screen to help the driver for backing and parking.

45

・ The audio not only is exclusively tuned and has adopted the door speakers, but also is

equipped with Dolby Pro Logic*3 and Audyssey MultEQ*4 to create extensive and abundant

sound fields.

・ Bluetooth*2 connections with audio appliances are possible as well as handsfree operation of

cellular phone. Voice activation from the handsfree microphone allows to make phone calls,

specify navigation destinations and operate the audio appliances.

・ Radio reception performance is same as “Premium audio system”

・ DVD video replay is available.

*3 Dolby Pro Logic is registered trademark of Dolby Laboratories.

*4 Audyssey and MultEQ are registered trademarks of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

McIntosh navigation system (Optional for all models)

・ In addition to the introduction of McIntosh home audio surround technology and the

optimization of speaker system layout, separately installed pre-amplifier and 6-channel

power-amplifier were exclusively for the Outback. Realistic and comfortable sound increases

comfort that Outback offers. The system was introduced for the first time in the European

market.

・ The 5.1 channel surround system is adopted. In addition to the nine speakers installed in front,

rear, left, right and instrument panel centre, subwoofer for bass reproduction is equipped. Thus

10 speakers in total are installed.

・ The layout is optimized for the instrument panel side speakers that have adopted aramid fiber

cone paper with light weight and high rigidity, rear satellite speakers that improve audio

performance for rear occupants, and a box type subwoofer that reproduces powerful deep

bass sounds. Improved vibration suppression at the installation portion and mass dampers to

the door speakers contribute to achieve clear and faithful reproduction of original sound.

・ The navigation system specifications are the same as the standard navigation system.

Outback: Engine

The engine was developed to achieve driving performance and actual fuel economy that are

equivalent or better than the existing model. Three types are provided for the European market.

■ Engine line-up

<Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder SOHC 16-valve 2.5-litre petrol engine>

Displacement: 2,457 cc

Maximum output kW (PS) / Maximum torque Nm (kgfm): 123 (167) @ 5,600 rpm / 229 (23.4)

@ 4,000 rpm

Transmission: Lineartronic

・ With the flat torque characteristic where torque is generated from low speed range, this

easy-to-handle engine provides a feeling of smooth acceleration. This is equipped on 2.5i

model.

・ By adopting i-Active Valve Lift System (i-AVLS) and combined with the CVT: Lineartronic, fuel

46

economy has reached to the level equivalent to 2.0-litre engine.

・ To comply with Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations, the port shape was modified and the catalytic

converter structure was reviewed.

・ The resin-type intake manifold and various friction reductions support weight reduction and

basic performance improvement. In addition, the lightweight, compact-size, low-friction engine

contributes to accomplish the Outback’s superior drivability.

<Horizontally-Opposed 6-sylinder DOHC 24-valve 3.6-litre petrol engine>

Displacement: 3,630 cc

Maximum output kW (PS) / Maximum torque Nm (kgfm): 191 (260) @ 5,600 rpm / 350 (35.7)

@ 4,400 rpm

Transmission: 5-speed automatic

・ This is one of Subaru’s flagship engines; natural and ample output characteristics were

achieved by increasing the low-speed range torque, while the superior vibration characteristics

and smooth revving of the balanced flat-6 are retained.

・ The large ends of the connecting rods feature an asymmetrical profile. The displacement was

increased by extending the piston stroke without significantly changing the engine outer

dimensions.

・ By combining the dual Active Valve Control System (AVCS) and friction reductions, driving

performance and fuel economy were improved.

・ By optimising the catalytic converter, Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations are complied with.

<Horizontally-Opposed 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve 2.0-litre diesel turbo engine>

Displacement: 1,998 cc

Maximum output kW (PS) / Maximum torque Nm (kgfm): 110 (150) @ 3,600 rpm / 350 (35.7)

@ 1,800 – 2,400 rpm

Transmission: 6-speed manual

・ For the Boxer Diesel equipped Outback, utilizing advantages of the already-reputed

Horizontally-Opposed engine, comfortable acceleration response is maintained, and driving

performance with a diesel-characteristic torque feeling is retained. In addition, environmental

friendliness is further improved. This is equipped on 2.0D and 2.0D Sport models.

・ A closed DPF is adopted to support Euro 5 for exhaust gas regulations. Furthermore,

enhanced exhaust gas performance is achieved through improvement of the common rail

system and adoption of enlarged EGR cooler.

・ Cold startability and stability are improved through reducing weight by adopting the resin-type

intake manifold, and changing the glow plug material from metallic to ceramic.

■ SUBARU BOXER DIESEL

In March 2008, Subaru introduced the world’s first Horizontally-Opposed Diesel Engine for

mass-production passenger cars, “SUBARU BOXER DIESEL”. This unique powertrain enhances

the environmental friendliness of the Outback, Subaru’s flagship crossover.

47

I.Features & Benefits

Low vibrations and noise

The movements of the horizontally-opposed pistons work in unison to effectively cancel out the

second harmonic vibration (vibration with twice frequencies as engine revolution) with which driver

feels uncomfortable. Thanks to this structural advantage, the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL does not

need balancer shafts which are commonly used in conventional in-line and V-type engines. The

compactly designed crankshaft sandwiched by the highly rigid cylinder blocks helps minimizing an

uncomfortable noise and vibration up to high rpm’s.

Superior engine response and good fuel economy

No need of balancer shafts leads to low rotational inertia and friction within the engine itself. The

result is exceptional accelerator response and good fuel economy.

Contribution to the handling performance

The bore pitch was shortened and the left and right blocks holding the crankshaft provide a highly

rigid design compared to the conventional in-line engines, which has also allowed use of an

aluminium alloy cylinder block for weight savings. Thus the handling is less affected by a weight

increase.

In addition to the low centre of gravity provided by the structure of the Horizontally-Opposed

Engine, the placement of the turbocharger unit at the lower part of the engine functions to maintain

a low centre of gravity for the diesel engine, which tends to be quite heavy in weight.

II. Mechanisms

1. Cylinder block

Cylinder block

An aluminium alloy cylinder block was used to maximize the potential of the highly rigid

Horizontally-Opposed Engine layout.

To obtain ideal diesel combustion, the stroke was extended by 11mm and the bore was shortened

by 6mm compared to the 2.0-litre SUBARU BOXER petrol engine (EJ20). The bore pitch was

shortened to 98.4mm, which is similar to that of 6-cylinder 3.6-litre SUBARU BOXER petrol engine.

This led to a 61.3 mm reduction in engine block length for even more compact design.

Semi-closed deck: The block design uses the semi-closed deck type that has proven its durability

in the turbocharged petrol models. This increases rigidity around the head gasket mating areas.

Metal matrix composite journal: All 5 main bearings (journals) in the cylinder block incorporate

metal matrix composite journals (which are inserted during the casting process), resulting in

superior levels of quietness due to its high rigidity and similarity in the thermal expansion ratio to

that of crankshaft.

Extra cooling channels: Cooling slits were given between the cylinder bores to operate as water

cooling channels, thus improving cooling performance.

Pistons

48

High strength materials were used to withstand the high combustion pressures of the diesel engine.

Cooling channels within the pistons have been incorporated, with engine oil squirted via oil jets,

which enhances piston cooling.

The shape of the piston crowns was changed. In addition, improvements made to gas flow within

the combustion chamber have improved combustion efficiency and reduced particulate matter

(PM), which has in turn improved exhaust gas emissions.

Connecting rods

The large ends of the connecting rods feature asymmetrical profile, which increases precision

during assembly and in roundness of the surface connecting the crankpin for reduced friction. It

also contributed to minimize the rotational path thus enabled to employ extended piston stroke

inside the compact cylinder block.

Crankshaft

The crankshaft in the BOXER DIESEL can be designed shorter and lightweight compared to

conventional in-line engines due to its overwrapping bore arrangement between both banks. This

minimizes the bending moment caused by the combustion pressure thus contributes to lower the

rising of noise level in higher rpm’s. The high strength crankshafts underwent surface treatment to

withstand the high combustion pressures that are found in a diesel engine.

Glow plugs

The glow plugs were changed from a metallic type to a ceramic type. This has raised the

maximum temperature, providing better start-up at cold temperatures and stability.

2. Valve system / intake and exhaust system

Cylinder head

High strength cylinder heads were used to withstand the high combustion pressures.

Roller rocker arms: Compact and low friction end pivot type roller rocker arms were used in

combination with double overhead cam (DOHC) system.

Valve System: The diameter of the intake valves were optimized for enhanced breathing

performance and swirl ratios, resulting in improved combustion efficiency.

Intake ports

The combination of an intake swirl port system and optimized intake valve diameter results in

ample swirl performance.

Intake manifold

The intake manifold was changed to a resin-type from an aluminium-type for reduced weight by

about 1,500g. This improved torque characteristics and fuel efficiency.

Cam drive system

A highly durable chain system was used to drive the camshaft to handle the variations in torque

49

produced by the diesel engine.

3. Common rail system

A common rail system is used for fuel delivery for better performance. The fuel is pressurized to

180 MPa before being fed into the common rail.

Solenoid injectors: Specially designed injectors are used. A shorter overall length of the injector

contributes to maintain overall engine width as that of the regular petrol engine despite the longer

piston stroke. The exhaust gas emissions were improved by optimizing control of injection.

4. Turbocharger

A variable nozzle type turbocharger was specially designed to deliver ample turbocharged

performance across the entire engine range. The turbocharger itself is positioned under the engine

and mounted directly to the catalytic converters for increased environmental friendliness.

Response is improved while also helping to lower the centre of gravity. A lift sensor was added to

the turbocharger. Exhaust gas emissions were enhanced by improving control of variable vanes.

5. Exhaust

The exhaust system was fine tuned for use with the diesel engine. A single muffler was used to

optimize engine output and silence levels, while bringing weight reduction. The addition of a

vibration absorbing structure (flexible tube), located in the middle of main exhaust pipe, also

increases silence levels and saves weight.

6. Exhaust Emission Control System

A closed-type of diesel particulate filter (DPF) was adopted for the exhaust emission control

system. This system also complies with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations for better

environmental friendliness.

The DPF is positioned together with the turbocharger on the lower part of the engine. This not only

improves exhaust gas purification performance, but also helps keeping the centre of gravity low,

thus contributing to further enhance the superb handling performance originated by the

symmetrical AWD.

Oxidation catalytic converter

The catalytic converter separates un-burnt fuel into water and carbon dioxide. The unit is made

compact enough to be activated soon after the engine is started. If the temperature rises to 300 °C

under certain driving conditions, the oxidation catalytic converter generates NO2 which oxidizes the

collected Diesel Particulate inside the DPF.

Closed Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)

The adoption of a closed DPF improves engine combustion efficiency and reduces particulate

matter (PM) in the exhaust in order to further enhance environmental friendliness. The closed DPF

features a honeycomb shaped filter made of silicon carbide. The filter channels are blocked on

alternating ends of each side and there are microscopic pores on the inner filter wall, thereby

50

functioning to effectively collect the PM as the exhaust gas passes through these microscopic

pores.

The collected PM is combusted inside the filter, which reaches 600 °C and higher depending on

operating conditions, and repeatedly regenerated to be emitted as carbon dioxide. Conversely, if

the internal filter temperature is low with a continuous load operation, the temperature within the

layers is controlled to cause combustion of the PM which is then repeatedly regenerated to be

emitted as carbon dioxide.

EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system

An EGR system is used to comply with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations. The cooled

exhaust gas is fed back into the combustion chamber to lower the combustion temperature and

reduce NOx emissions. The EGR cooler has been enlarged for better exhaust gas emissions.

Outback: Transmission

The new Outback comes equipped Subaru’s next generation powertrain, aiming at optimization

with the advanced engine and improvement of environmental friendliness.

■ All new CVT “Lineartronic”

As the Subaru’s next generation transmission system, the longitudinally-positioned, chain-type

CVT “Lineartronic” for the mass-produced AWD passenger vehicles is introduced last year for the

first* time (according to Subaru’s research)to the world market. It is equipped on the 2.5i model.

The greatest advantage of CVT is that the efficient revolution range of the engine can be actively

utilized. With Lineartronic, while this advantage is maximally used, a linear and natural driving

feeling has been realized through the vehicle control faithful to the driver’s intentions.

(*Claim based on Subaru research.)

<High efficiency, compact design>

Instead of an ordinary metallic belt, chains are used for the torque transfer mechanism between

the two pulleys that consist of the variator (speed change unit). A compact design and improved

transfer efficiency are accomplished. Especially, in the overdrive range that is effective for fuel

economy, the transfer efficiency is improved by approximately 5% compared to the belt type. In

addition, the primary pulley is offset-positioned from the crankshaft to reduce oil agitation

51

resistance of the variator. Also, the chain frictions and hydraulic pressure system loss are reduced

by precisely controlling the hydraulic pressure according to the transfer torque. As a result,

excellent fuel efficiency is achieved.

<Layout>

CVT in which two pulleys are combined to shift gears requires, when

longitudinally positioned, a larger top-to-bottom and right-to-left size

compared to the traditional AT and MT in order to ensure sufficient

shifting range. Downsizing of the pulley was made possible by

adopting the chain type. The primary pulley is laid out at the upper

portion using the gear after the engine crankshaft to minimize the

transmission unit width and ensure the footwell for occupants.

<Wide ratio coverage>

With the advantage of the compact size between pulley cores compared to ordinary CVT, the ratio

coverage 6.3 has been achieved by enlarging the difference between the minimum and maximum

pulley diameters. This contributes to improve both engine performance and fuel efficiency.

<6-speed manual mode with superior drivability>

The CVT transmission ratio is fixed at specific points to provide 6-speed manual mode. Utilizing

the accumulated technologies prior to the electronically-controlled CVT, superior response and

controllability, such as gear-shifting at 100 msec or less, have realized sporty driving. 6-speeds

was selected for the number of steps as a result of repeated driving tests to aim at gaining

necessary engine brake effort and acceleration by the minimum number of shifting. Using the

paddle attached to the steering wheel, driver's intended shifting is easily achievable. A straight,

four-position shift gate type has been adopted for simple, easy-to-use operability.

■ 5-speed AT (automatic transmission)

The 3.6R model is equipped with 5AT that offers dense control and a smooth shift feeling.

Endurance reliability is enhanced corresponding to the high output engine performance, and the

fuel efficiency is improved by reducing friction. In addition, with the standard-featured paddle shifter

for manual mode, a straight, four-position shift gate type has been adopted for the select lever for

simple, easy-to-use operability.

<Improved manual mode response>

The improved downshift blipping control contributes to enhance the gear-shifting response in

manual mode. As a result, smooth shift-down reduces shocks at gear-shifting and engine-braking,

and brisk driving is achieved.

■ 6-speed MT (manual transmission)

The lightweight, compact-size 6-speed manual transmission is equipped on the 2.5i and the

2.0-litre boxer diesel models.

・ To realize a shift feeling, small-effort operability and excellent quietness, the cable-type linkage

and the carbon synchronizer for the 1st and 2nd speeds are adopted, achieving excellent

operability matching with high quality driving of the new Outback.

・ With the increased ratio coverage by the 6-speed configuration, fuel economy, drivability, and

52

quietness in the high speed range are improved.

・ The constant-engaging synchro-gear is adopted for the reverse gear as well in order to

improve the shift feeling.

・ The optimized lubrication path reduces friction loss, resulting in enhanced fuel efficiency.

・ Optimization of the dual mass flywheel and clutch damper characteristics have resulted in

elimination of the booming noise emitted during low-speed driving.

Outback: Drivetrain

As a basic driving technology, the Outback continues to retain its originality.

■ Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel-Drive)

Subaru’s original full-time AWD system provides driving pleasure supported by superior driving

performance and reliability. With the use of the Horizontally-Opposed engine, and its low-centre of

gravity and the longitudinally-positioned AWD powertrain that has excellent right-left weight balance,

the Outback demonstrates linear steering response during cornering and high straight-running stability

despite its height. In addition, the vehicle benefits from advantages offered by its crossover features,

such as excellent drivability on rough roads and stable vehicle behaviour in poor weather conditions.

The new Outback offers further enhanced safety performance along with the excellent body structure

and the new cradle structure mount that enhances collision safety. Three types of centre differential

mechanisms, a core feature of AWD, are provided according to the transmission type.

<Active torque split AWD> (2.5i Lineartronic models)

The operating conditions of all four wheels, engine torque and VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control)

are constantly monitored, and front/rear wheel torque distributions are instantly controlled

according to sudden changes on road surfaces. As a result, driving stability and high traction are

ensured. In addition, during normal driving, distributions with less torque loss are used, achieving

superior stability of the full-time AWD and top fuel efficiency in the class. It is combined with

“Lineartronic”.

<Variable Torque Distribution (VTD) AWD> (3.6R)

The planetary gear is used for the torque distribution mechanism to set the basic torque

distributions to 45:55 with the rear wheels emphasized. This system supports a high output engine

that improves front turning performance and realizes active driving. It is combined with the 5-speed

automatic transmission.

<Centre differential AWD with viscous LSD> (2.5i and 2.0D 6MT models)

The system is a combination of the bevel-gear-type centre differential with the basic torque

distributions of 50:50 and the viscous coupling for limited slip differential. When the front wheel or

rear wheel slips, the viscous coupling corrects the torque distributions to ensure traction. It is

combined with the 6-speed manual transmission.

■ VDC, supporting reliable driving, standard-featured on all models

53

The Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) system that provides the anti-skid function and realizes high

driving and safety performance is equipped as a standard feature on all models. Superior driving

stability is realized by closely monitoring vehicle behaviour and flexibly controlling ABS (anti-lock

brake system), TCS (engine control and brake LSD control for traction control), and VDC (engine

control and brake control for anti-skid) based on the information from the sensors.

Outback: Chassis

Based on “Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept” to realize “Subaru’s comfortable and reliable

new drive”, the chassis was developed for the Outback. In every scene from daily drive to long

drive, high level of quality is sought for comfort with ease of use, drivability and driving

performance that deliver pleasure of operating the vehicle, as well as collision safety and

environmental friendliness.

■ The design to improve all performance, “Cradle mount system”

To reduce vibrations and noise and to enhance riding

comfort, the engine mount structure was entirely

renewed for the first time since Subaru 1000 (Subaru’s

first compact car introduced to the market in 1966). For

total improvement of comfort, driving performance and

collision safety, instead of the traditional structure

where the engine is directly mounted on the body, the

engine and transmission are mounted on the body via

the cradle frame that extends from the side of the

transmission case. Furthermore, the exhaust system

layout is optimized along with the adoption of this

mount to enhance environmental friendliness of the

turbo model.

<Reduced vibration and noise, and improved riding comfort>

The support portion of the mount is effectively laid-out to minimize the engine vibrations, and as a

result, vibrations during idling and acceleration noise are reduced. For instance, the main cushion

rubber uses a liquid-filled type, and the engine is supported at four points. Vibrations are restrained

by placing the main mount on the side of the torque roll axis of the power unit. In addition, not only

the engine but also the front suspension and the electric power steering are mounted on the cradle

frame. Therefore, vibrations from the road surface are not easily transferred to the body directly,

consequently improving riding comfort and quietness.

<Collision safety>

During front-end collision, the cradle frame bends and the mounted power unit is ideally pushed

rearward. As a result, the impact absorption performance of the main frame has increased,

realizing further advanced safety.

<Drivability>

Cradle mount system

54

The increased installation rigidity of the front suspension provides high initial responsiveness

during the steering turning.

■ Front suspension

The strut type was adopted. Rigidity is increased by mounting the lower arm to the cradle frame.

The steering responsiveness is enhanced, and quietness is increased by reducing vibrations.

Furthermore, the stabilizer radius is enlarged, resulting in improving the roll stiffness without

changing the main spring rate. A sense of roadholding during cornering is enhanced, while smooth

riding comfort is retained. In addition, along with the tread expansion, the road-hugging property of

the tires is improved through the extended wheel stroke and optimized geometry. Shocks from the

road surface are smoothly absorbed, thus improving riding comfort.

■ Rear suspension

The double-wishbone type with short height was adopted. The double vibration-proof structure,

where all the suspension links and rear differential are installed to the sub-frame via the bushings,

and where the large bushings are used between the sub-frame and the vehicle body, is used. By

minimizing input of vibrations and noise from the road surface, riding comfort and quietness are

improved.

■ Front Damper

To enhance driving quality and riding comfort, the low-friction type dampers was adopted. The

further optimized structure contributes to realize sinuous driving without hardness or tenseness as

well as excellent driving performance.

■ Rear damper with the self-levelizer function

For the new model, the improved postural recovery performance has made possible to increase

loading capacity, thus improving the utilities. It is installed to the rear suspension.

■ Brakes

The four-wheel disc brake with ABS with EBD (Electric Brake-force Distribution) was adopted on

all models, enhancing a sense of assurance and reliability. The tie-rod type brake booster is

equipped. The booster shell deformation is completely prevented and a sense of rigidity is ensured.

A linear, reliable brake feel can be delivered corresponding to the depression of the brake pedal.

Along with adoption of VDC on all models, the brake assist is equipped as a standard feature on

all models. Emergency braking is detected using the pedal depression speed. Even when the

depression amount is not sufficient, the system increases the brake pressure to immediately assist

the deceleration.

■ Electronic parking brake

To realize functional utilities, the electronic parking brake is adopted. Due to adoption of the

parking brake switch mounted on the instrument panel on the side below of the steering wheel, the

hand brake is abolished, and instead, a storage space is designed around the centre console.

55

Practical interior space is achieved through, for instance, placing drink holders side by side. The

parking brake is automatically released when the driver operates the accelerator pedal.

■ Hill hold function

Along with the standard equipment of the electronic parking brake, the hill hold function is added.

With the hill hold switch located next to the electronic parking brake pressed, the system

automatically activates the brake when the vehicle is stopped on the hill of 5% or more, or

automatically deactivates when the vehicle is started. This system operates on both up- and

down-hills. To prevent malfunction, the function does not operate, unless not only the doors are

closed but also the seat belt is tightened.

■ Electric power steering

In order to improve fuel economy and a steering feeling, the pinion-assisted electric power steering

is adopted. For the steering assist motor, a high output brushless motor with a smooth steering

feel and sufficient assist power is adopted. The system is mounted on the cradle frame at four

points using the robust cannon mount method, which increases rigidity of the steering system, and

consequently increases initial responsiveness. On this model, the quick ratio steering is adopted

for an increased sporty steering feeling.

■ Tires and wheels

225/60R17 tyres and 17-inch aluminium wheels are equipped as standard on all grades.

The spare tyre is no longer provided. A flat repair kit is adopted for weight reduction on all models.

Outback: Body

Along with the chassis, the body design was reviewed in detail to create the bone structure to

support steady driving and high safety performance of Outback's characteristics.

■The lightweight, high rigid body

With a base of the ring-shaped reinforcement frame where the frame of each pillar is circularly

linked to strongly protect the cabin, ultra-high-strength steel plate (980 Mpa level) is used at key

portions to realize strength and light weight. By maximally utilizing the characteristics of the newly

adopted cradle mount system, the front body structure is rationally designed to improve the rigidity

of the front suspension installation portion, and to enhance steering responsiveness. The weight

was maximally reduced. Consequently, drivability and riding comfort are balanced at high level,

and a base for comfortable driving faithful to the driver’s intentions is provided.

<Weight reduction through rationally-designed structure>

Along with the improved impact absorption performance by the cradle mount system, the

reinforcement structure for the main frame and toe board is simplified, realizing weight reduction of

approximately 6 kg around the front body.

56

<Optimized rigidity balance>

While the rear floor structure is optimized to achieve light weight, the rigidity balance is increased

to improve the drivability.

Outback: Safety

The advanced ring-shaped reinforcement frame body enhances collision safety from all directions.

In addition, the cradle mount system contributes to enlarge a crushable zone during front-end

collision, thus further improving the occupant protection.

The Outback was awarded a top rating 5-star in the latest European New Car Assessment

Program.

■ Ring-shaped reinforcement frame body

The basic body structure is designed with the ring-shaped reinforcement frame that received high

reputation in collision safety tests in many countries. In this all-directional collision safety body,

occupants are protected by ring-shaping the frames around each pillar and then strengthening the

front/rear door openings by resembling as a ring. Based on this idea of a safety body, strength and

rigidity of body portions are balanced to optimize the energy absorption structure during collision.

<During front-end collision>

During front-end collision, the frame of the cradle mount system, which is adopted to the front body

section, bends, as a result, pushing the power unit to the rear-downward direction. As a result, the

rearward movement amount of the power unit is largely increased, realizing further efficient

collision absorption by the main frame.

<During side collision>

The ultra-high-strength steel plate (980 Mpa level) is used for the B-pillar inside and side sill to

improve the cabin area rigidity. Occupants are strongly protected even during side collision. Two

door impact beams are placed for each front and rear door. By optimally positioning the structure

parts in the door, a sufficient crush space is ensured. Furthermore, the door catcher is equipped to

prevent the rear door bottom end from deforming into the cabin.

<During rear-end collision>

Despite the short overhang design, the structure is optimized so that the impact energy is

efficiently absorbed by gradually crushing the frame from the rear side.

■ The structure to minimize repair cost for light collision

Impact absorbing crash boxes are provided behind the front bumper. When collision speed is

approximately 15 km/hour or less with which the airbag does not deploy, impact can be absorbed

without affecting the main frame. In addition, the crash boxes can be replaced separately, aiming

at reducing repair cost, time and amount of resource to be used. With the same effect aimed, a

bumper beam with an impact absorption feature is adopted for the rear. Each part of the radiator

panel is fixed by bolt-tightening, instead of ordinary welding. By making the part replacement

during repairing easier, the cost is minimized.

57

■ Front safety seat

Instead of integrating a whiplash relief structure, the seat frame and inner structures are improved,

such as a significant increase of seat stiffness, to be able to exert a whiplash relief effect by the

seat unit itself. Unlike an active headrest with the similar effect, seating comfort is significantly

improved due to the spring placed in the entire seat back. An energy-absorbing headrest has been

adopted to reduce head impact.

■ SRS airbags

By optimizing the operation sensor layout, detection performance during collision is improved,

resulting in further ensuring the occupant protection performance. The front dual, side and curtain

airbags are equipped as standard on all models. The side and curtain airbags are enlarged for

enhanced performance.

■ Lower leg protection function for driver’s seat

To protect the driver’s knee vicinity during collision, the steering column inner structure is renewed.

The impact absorption space is ensured and the knee protector is adopted for high safety

performance. In addition, the pedals including the foot rest are equipped with a drop-off function

and an impact absorbing function.

■ Pedestrian protection

<Chest protection>

The impact absorbing materials and optimized structure around the front bumper have made it

possible to clear the European next generation regulations on protection of pedestrian chest that

are the most stringent in the world.

<Head protection>

For efficient impact absorption, steel is used for the hood. The impact absorbing space is enlarged

and structure is improved around the body cowl to reduce impact.

58

Outback: Engine Data

Outback 2.5i Outback 3.6R

2.5-litre 4-cylinder SOHC 3.6-litre 6-cylinder DOHC

Max Power: 123kW (167PS)/5,600rpm Max Power: 191kW (260PS)/5,600rpm

Max Torque: 229Nm (23.4kgfm)/4,000rpm Max Torque: 350Nm (35.7kgfm)/4,400rpm

Outback 2.0D

2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC DIESEL turbo

Max Power: 110kW (150PS)/3,600rpm

Max Torque: 350Nm (35.7kgfm)/1,800-2,400rpm

59

Outback : Specifications

Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel Drive)

Item 2.5i 3.6R 2.0D

6MT Lineartronic E-5AT 6MT

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed,

4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol

engine

Horizontally-opposed,

6-cylinder, 4-stroke,

petrol engine

Horizontally-opposed,

4-cylinder, 4-stroke,

turbocharged, diesel

engine

Type

SOHC 16-valve DOHC 24-valve DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 99.5 X 79.0 92.0 X 91.0 86.0 X 86.0

Capacity cc 2,457 3,630 1,998

Compression ratio 10.0 10.5 16.3

Fuel system Multi Point Sequential Injection Common rail system

Fuel tank capacity lit. 65

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN)

kW

(PS)/rpm 123(167)/5,600 191(260)/5,600 110(150)/3,600

Max. torque (DIN)

Nm

(kgfm)/rpm 229(23.4)/4,000 350(35.7)/4,400 350(35.7)/1,800–2,400

Max. speed km/h

201(in 5th

gear)

198(in D

range) 230(in 4th gear) 195(in 6th gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 9.6 10.4 7.5 9.7

Urban lit./100 km 11.7 11.3 14.4 7.7

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 6.8 6.7 7.5 5.6

Combined lit./100 km 8.6 8.4 10.0 6.4

Urban g/km 270 262 334 201

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 158 155 174 147

Combined g/km 199 194 232 167

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type

Centre

differential

gear

coupled with

viscous LSD

Active

Torque

Split AWD

system

Variable Torque

Distribution AWD

system

Centre differential gear

coupled with viscous

LSD

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,775

Overall width mm 1,820

Overall height with roofrails mm 1,605

Wheelbase mm 2,745

Track Front mm 1,540

Rear mm 1,540

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 200

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,726

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,493 1,533 1,587 1,571

Towing capacity kg 1,800 1,800 2,000 1,700

TRANS-AXLE

Gear ratio D range (Lineartronic) –

3.525 –

0.558 – –

1st 3.454 3.525 3.540 3.454

2nd 1.947 2.238 2.264 1.750

3rd 1.296 1.641 1.471 1.062

4th 0.972 1.194 1.000 0.785

5th 0.825 0.850 0.834 0.634

6th 0.695 0.611 – 0.557

Reverse 3.636 2.358 2.370 3.636

Final drive axle ratio 4.444 3.900 3.083 4.444

CHASSIS

Steering Pinion-assist type electric power steering system

Suspension (4-wheel independent) Front Coil suspension, MacPherson strut type

Rear Coil suspension, Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.5

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes Ventilated disc brakes Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 225/60R/17, 17 x 7"J

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to

715/2007/EC-692/2008/EC

*2 Measured by VDA(V214)

*Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

60

Outback: Standard and Optional Features

Item 2.5i 3.6R 2.0D

6MT Lineartronic 5AT 6MT

Exterior

Auto on/off headlamps    

HID headlamps with auto levelizer OP OP  OP

Pop-up type headlamp washers OP OP  OP

Front fog lamps    

Rear fog lamp    

Power-folding door mirrors with built-in LED turn signal    

UV protection glass: Windshield, front and rear side windows    

Intermittent rear window wiper    

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels    

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof OP OP OP OP

Roof spoiler    

Roofrails    

Twin-tail muffler – –  

Seating / Trims

Leather wrapped steering wheel    OP

Leather seats* OP OP OP OP

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat) – – – 

10-way power adjustable driver’s seat (with lumbar support)    OP

8-way power adjustable passenger’s seat – – OP –

Manual seat lifter (passenger’s seat)    

Keyless access and push button start linked seat memory function(driver's seat) OP OP OP OP

Seat memory function(driver's seat) OP OP OP OP

Front seat heaters    OP

60/40 split folding and reclining rear seats    

One-touch folding rear seats    

Seat back pocket    

Comfort / Convenience

Power windows*1    

Remote control key system    

Keyless access and push button start system OP OP OP OP

Electronic parking brake    

Map lamps with overhead cascade lighting    

Luggage space lamp    

Vanity mirrors with lids and lamps (for driver and front passenger)    

Centre tray    

Dual lid centre console box    

Front cup holders    

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)    

Rear cup holders (in rear seat centre armrest)    

Rear seat centre armrest    

Interior fuel lid lock release    

12-volt power outlet (in the centre console box)    

4 cargo hooks    

2 luggage hooks    

Retractable cargo cover    

Box sub-trunk (under cargo strage)    

Tyre repair kit    

*Synthetic leather (PVC) is used for some parts of seats' upholstery

*1 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function with pinch protection.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.

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Outback: Standard and Optional Features

Item 2.5i 3.6R 2.0D

6MT Lineartronic 5AT 6MT

Climate control

Dual-zone automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter    

Rear ventilation system OP OP  

Heater ducts for rear passengers    

Windshield wiper de-icer    OP

Automatic rain-sensing windshield wipers    

Heated door mirrors    

Front and side defrosters    

Electric rear window defogger with timer    

Entertainment and Navigation

Premium audio system with SRS CS Auto*2: 6-CD changer and 6 speakers    

DVD navigation*3 and audio system with Dolby Pro Logic*4: 1-CD and 6 speakers OP OP OP OP

McIntosh audio with 5.1ch surround sound system, 10 speakers and navigation OP OP OP OP

Steering wheel mounted audio satellite switches    

Bluetooth®*5 compatible hands-free system    

Auxiliary audio input jack (in the centre console box)    

Audio/Visual auxiliary input jack (in the centre console box) OP OP OP OP

Rear vision camera system OP OP OP OP

Control / Instruments

Liquid Crystal Display and 4 gauges with metallic-finish rings    

ECO gauge    

Shift up indicator  – – 

Multi information display*6    

Engine oil level warning lamp    

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel    

Paddle shift –   

Cruise control    

Drivability

SI-Drive(SUBARU Intelligent Drive) – –  

Vehicle Dynamics Control System with OFF switch    

Traction Control System    

Self-levelizer    

Hill holder    

Safety

Front SRS*7 airbags    

Front side SRS*7 airbags (for driver and front passenger)    

Curtain SRS*7 airbags (front and rear, both sides)    

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)    

Steering column support beam    

Whiplash reducing seats    

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions    

Seatbelt indicator (for driver and front passenger)    

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters    

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)    

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions    

Safety brake pedal system    

4-sensor/4-channel ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution    

Brake assist system with tie-rod tandem booster    

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)    

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)    

Engine immobiliser    

*2 Equipped with 8-inch VGA centre display    

*3 SRS, SRS CS Auto and ( ● ) symbol are trademarks of SRS Labs, Inc.

*4 Dolby, Pro Logic and the double-D symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby Laboratories.

*5 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*6 It shows: current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, driving range ambient temperature and clock.

*7 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.

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Impreza: Model concept

The Impreza provides Subaru’s unique driving performance in refined styling and

functionality.

Both the first (1992 onward) and second (2000 onward) generations of the Impreza received

unprecedented support from customers all over the world who enjoys an active car lifestyle due to

the Impreza’s combination of excellent driving performance and utility, thanks to its Symmetrical

AWD, and overall high level of functionality.

This third generation of Impreza was launched to European market as 2008 model in the year

2007 with completely new 5-door styling.

It was developed under the concept of “Sports Casual” with the goal of providing Subaru’s superb

handling and road-holding performance to wider range of customers. While improving the ride

comfort to class-exceeding level, the model was given stylish yet functional design to appeal to

both current Subaru owners and new customers. For 2011MY, the new grade “XV” series was

added. Beyond its attractive crossover styling, this model also offers excellent stability, safety and

drivability underpinned by Subaru’s unique SAWD in any road conditions, while maintaining quality

ride and high functionality provided by the its 5-door model.

Three key enhancements in the Impreza

In order to realize this product concept, there were three key areas of enhancements in

development: Styling, Functionality and Quality Ride. The development process was also aimed at

creating a car remains true to the Subaru brand by further evolving the safe and secure driving

experience that defines Impreza, while also achieving a level of quality that provides

class-exceeding comfort and superior feel.

 In styling, a sporty hatch-back style is incorporated to express the Impreza’s nimble

performance so that it creates the desire to drive anywhere just to feel the exuberant freedom

one experiences behind the wheel of the Impreza.

 In functionality, a stress-free driving experience was carefully considered and overall

packaging was refined to achieve ample spaces and better visibility, utility and accessibility

(ingress and egress). This user-friendly functionality provides not only the driver but also the

passengers with a special environment in which they feel completely at ease, no matter the

driving conditions or location.

 In quality ride, the traditional Subaru’s ride performance was totally polished so that customers

can immediately feel a class-exceeding quality in ride performance. To achieve this target, a

chassis design concept named “Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept” or “Subaru DC3”

was incorporated for the design of new platform, including a more responsive steering system

and new rear suspensions system. On top of it, many other changes that enhance the quality

ride were employed. A larger capacity air conditioner, a higher quality audio system, the seats

for higher comfort are some of these examples. A higher standard in safety features can be

also counted in this area.

Impreza with SUBARU BOXER DIESEL

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The SUBARU BOXER DIESEL is a new Subaru engine line-up that combines the lightweight

compact construction of a Horizontally-Opposed Engine, providing minimal vibration noise and

superior axle response, together with the high fuel economy and ample start-up torque from the

low-speed range that a diesel engine offers.

Subaru boxer diesel is available with Legacy, Outback, Forester and Impreza. This lineup not only

simply broadens the selection of Subaru vehicles available, but also truly realises and strongly

emphasises the Subaru ideal by integrating the unique driving performance, comfort, and

dependability with environmentally friendly technologies.

The aim of developing Impreza Diesel is “Sporty & Sophisticated”. Subaru expects customers to

experience this speedy and sophisticated driving feeling, which is different from previous

turbocharged petrol engine Impreza models. With a balance of agile, sophisticated driving and the

excellent environmental friendliness expected from the Impreza, the addition of this unique diesel

model to lineup will firmly establish the Subaru brand in the competitive C-segment of the

European market, and respond to the needs of an even broader range of customers.

Impreza XV: New Crossover Proposal by Subaru

Developed on the basis of the Impreza 5-door model, the product concept of the Impreza XV was

“Active Sports Gear”. It offers a new crossover of “Sport Utility” and “Quality Ride by the Impreza”.

The redesigned chassis offers class-exceeding ride performance. The Impreza XV employs a

stiffer suspension while retaining superb quality ride. As a result, it delivers the sporty drive

character customers would expect find in a passenger car.

Major refinement in the 2011 model

 The new grade “XV” is added for Impreza line-up

 New body colours are added.

 Sky Blue Metallic; A bright blue suggesting the colour of a clear sky.

 Marine Blue Pearl; A refreshing blue pearl evoking the deep blue hues of the sea.

 Camellia Red Pearl; A deep, rich red pearl.

British Racing Green, New Port Blue, Sunlight Gold are discontinued.

 VDC is available for all models.

 1.5-litre DOHC petrol Engine, 2.0-litre DOHC petrol Engine and 2.0-litre DOHC Turbo Diesel

Engine comply with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations.

 The new touch sensor system of keyless access function is newly added.

 The new audio system with Bluetooth hands-free system is optioned for all models. (except for

1.5R FF model and 2.0D)

 Audio control satellite switches and Bluetooth hands-free switches on the steering wheel.

(Standard for new audio with Bluetooth hands-free system)

Impreza: Line-up

1.5R: Basic model that features both functionality in the practical range as well as environmentally

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considerate characteristics

2.0R: Sporty model that features ample engine capability and provides a sense of security

2.0R Sport: Sports version that features aero parts and similar sports accessories.

2.0D: Well-balanced compact featuring both excellent driving performance and environmental

friendliness

2.0D Sport: Impreza BOXER DIESEL with sporty exterior

XV 2.0R: Subaru’s new compact crossover with 2.0-litre petrol engine

XV 2.0D: Subaru’s new compact crossover with BOXER DIESEL engine

Impreza: Outline

Sporty and stylish design for the Impreza standard model

Exterior: The exterior possesses sophisticated styling, and the lines and surfaces of the body

panels were carefully designed to create a rich expressiveness through the variations in shading,

depending on how the light strikes the car. The design seeks uncompromising high quality in even

the smallest details.

Interior: The interior provides an ample amount of space that is nearly unbelievable when

considering the dimensions of the car. The design aims for functionality that provides both comfort

and convenience.

Casual crossover with active feeling design for XV series

The bolder front face is accentuated by an exclusively designed grille and bumper. Claddings

around the wheel arches give a feeling of powerfulness. A specially designed thicker rear spoiler

and roof rails enhance the sports utility atmosphere. Those elements emphasize the sense of

stability provided by the SAWD and project Subaru’s compact crossover concept image.

Easy to use and functional

 The passenger space provides an ample amount of storage space.

 The luggage space features a wide opening for easy access.

 Excellent passenger accessibility

Comfort for the driver and all passengers

 High-quality ride comfort.

 Excellent noise suppression so that conversations or audio music can be fully enjoyed.

 High-efficiency air conditioning system ensures a comfortable interior environment.

Ample interior space packed into seemingly compact body

 Wide and comfortable passenger compartment.

 Compact body size for easy handling.

Superior environmentally friendly characteristics

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 Clean, low emissions exhaust.

 All models comply with Euro 5 standards.

Advanced safety features

 High-performance brakes that provide a sense of security when applied.

 Top-caliber collision safety features.

Stress-free driving characteristics allowing you to enjoy driving safely

 The drivetrain, based around the horizontally opposed engine, has excellent weight balance.

 The Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept provides both driving comfort and nimble

handling.

 The body shape provides an excellent field of vision and superior peripheral vision.

Impreza: Packaging

Comfortable and ample passenger compartment

The development of the packaging took as a starting point to become a competitive model in the

compact car segment by meeting the demands from customers. By expanding the wheelbase and

widening the body, while also reducing the rear overhang, an ample and comfortable passenger

compartment was achieved without having to increase the body size any more than necessary.

Additionally, spacious headroom is ensured due to optimization of the slant of the side window to

create a comfortable interior space in which occupants do not feel cramped.

Enhanced visibilities

In order to reduce stress while driving and improve proactive safety related to sensing and

avoiding dangerous driving situations before they occur, the driver’s visibility was enhanced by the

reduction of dead angles and a body shape that provides good peripheral vision. The visibility

through the rear window was also improved by ensuring that a 1-meter high pole (the average

height of a five-year old child) can be easily seen in order to prevent accidents caused when

backing up the car.

Luggage space

The compact double-wishbone suspension can reduce the volume of the suspension housing

securing wider and flat spaces in the cargo area. The wide spaces at the rear end of the luggage

space makes it unnecessary to lean too much into the compartment in order to shove luggage and

other items and it will prevent customers from getting dirt or wet by touching the rear bumper. The

space is large enough so that two 9-inch golf bags can be laid sideways or five pieces of 22-inch

hand luggage can be stored with five persons sitting in the car.

Improved accessibility

Accessibility is improved due to an increased door opening. This was realized thanks to the framed

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doors with sashes and an optimized shape for the side of the seat cushion. Accessibility for the

rear seat was especially improved due to the doors opening at nearly a right angle and vertically

angled c-pillars to create a door opening space that provides ample headroom for smooth ingress

and egress.

Impreza: Exterior

1. Impreza standard model

Exterior design characteristics

 Refined styling

The lines running from the front to rear creates the sense of a continuous flow while the

compact rear end produces a feeling of nimbleness, and the sharp characteristic lines along

the side of the body offer an unmistakable image of sporty driving pleasure.

 Body surface that controls light and shade

The body has a richly expressive surface composition in which one’s impressions of the car

change greatly depending on the interplay of light and shadow. The front and rear fenders,

form-fit to the body of the vehicle to create a commanding presence, emphasize a low centre of

gravity and a sense of stability.

 High-quality detailing

In order to increase the sense of high quality, attention is given to the smallest details such as

the front headlamps that sharply accentuate the front face of the car due to their unique shape,

the rear combination lamp that combines a transparent lens with an LED, and the wheel design

that provides a toned-up look to the lower body area.

Front

The bold front face, featuring the Subaru brand symbol six-star Pleiades at its centre, clearly

expresses the sporty character of the Impreza.

 Grille design

The grille emphasizes sportiness and creates a high quality front face.

 Headlamps

A hawk’s eye motif was designed for the headlamps. The projector-type headlamps, with their

sharp form and seemingly sharp glance, create a functional yet sporty visage.

Sides

The elongated curves that give expression to the spacious interior are accentuated by the sharp

character lines. The body surface is scrupulously fashioned so that it functions to deepen the

different aspects created by light and shadow. The design of the side spoiler appeals for better

product. The size of the spoiler protruding out from the body delivers a sportier external

appearance.

 Wheel design

An impression of powerfulness was achieved thanks to the special wheel design. The

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aluminium wheels as well as the full wheel caps provide a sense of tautness to the lower body

area. The large-diameter disc surface of the wheel cap especially provides for a bold

three-dimensional design.

Rear

The reduced overhang, required for reasons of functionality, creates a visual impression of agility.

However, a feeling of stability is provided by using the vehicle width to provide a sense of

moderate volume. The combination lamps, with LEDs and clear lenses, and the chrome garnish

connecting the right and left lamps provide a high-quality rear view for the car.

 Roof spoiler

The roof spoiler combines functions as an accent of the overall design while providing

aerodynamic functionality. Elaborate wind tunnel tests showed that the shape of this spoiler

provides an approximately 7% reduction in the coefficient of drag proving that it improves

stability at high speeds. A built-in LED high mount stop lams are also standard.

 Rear Combination Lamps

LEDs are employed as brake lamps in the rear combination lamp system. The LED provides

not only futuristic essence to the rear end design but also improves the recognition by the

following vehicles due to its fast illumination response and high degree of brightness. Other

advantages of the LED include energy consumption that is only approximately one-third that of

a normal light bulb and its long life.

 The “SYMMETRICAL AWD” badge

The “SYMMETRICAL AWD” badge is attached throughout all AWD models.

 The BOXER DIESEL badge (2.0D/2.0D Sport)

Impreza 2.0D is equipped with a specialized diesel-model rear ornament.

Major standard exterior features for 2.0R/2.0D Sport

 Front aero bumper

 Side sill spoiler

 Rear aero bumper

 Stainless tail pipe cover

Body colour

 Obsidian black pearl

 Satin white pearl

 Spark silver metallic

 Dark gray

 WR blue mica

 Sage green metallic

 Sky Blue Metallic (New)

 Marine Blue Pearl (New)

 Camellia Red Pearl (New)

British Racing Green, New Port Blue, Sunlight Gold were discontinued.

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2. Impreza XV

Crossover appearance

The front features a sturdy look that integrates smoothly with the rest of the body, while the side is

highlighted with boldly protruding cladding and roof rails. A large rear gate spoiler complements the

rear, completing the powerful and energetic crossover styling designed to suit urban environments.

Front

 Grille design

The front grille has the same motif as other Subaru crossovers in its design. Neatly integrated

with the front bumper, it imparts an impression of powerfulness to the vehicle.

 Headlamps

The sharply shaped headlamps, designed with a hawk’s eye motif, and the sporty designed

bumper with fog lamps positioned at both ends, project the sportiness and crossover look

offered by Subaru.

Sides

 Wheel arches and wheel design

The lower part of front bumper, side claddings, side sill and matte black finish parts are

featured to create a solid and sporty impression. The wheel arches with impressive claddings

add road presence to the Impreza XV. Aluminium wheels embody sportiness with a bold

three-dimensional spoke design.

 Roof rails and rear spoiler. Black aluminium roof rails and rear spoiler highlight the vehicle’s

and unique silhouette.

Rear

 Roof spoiler

A large roof spoiler, which covers the glass area of the rear gate, integrated with D-pillars,

accentuates boldness and sportiness.

 Rear bumper

Black accent of the lower part of rear bumper also imparts a crossover taste to its rear styling.

 Rear Combination Lamps

LEDs are employed as brake lamps in the rear combination lamp system. The LED provides

not only futuristic essence to the rear end design but also improves the recognition by the

following vehicles due to its fast illumination response and high degree of brightness.

 The “XV”, “SYMMETRICAL AWD” and “The BOXER DIESEL” badges

The “XV” badge is exclusively attached on the rear gate. In addition, the “SYMMETRICAL

AWD” badge is attached throughout all AWD models. The XV diesel model is also equipped

with a specialized diesel-model rear ornament.

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Body colour

 Obsidian black pearl

 Satin white pearl

 Spark silver metallic

 Dark gray

 Camellia red pearl

Impreza: Interior

Interior Design

Overall interior design is totally coordinated by incorporating a wing motif around dashboard

through door trims. In combination with the absolute volume of the interior, this wing motif design

even make all passengers feel like sitting in wider and quality surroundings., A colour scheme with

brown accents* was created just for the XV. This creates an active and stylish interior, well suited

to the crossover model. It also improves the quality look and feel and the XV and makes it even

more distinctive. Brown stitches were adopted for the door trim, the surface of console box and

arm rests for refined interior space.

* For the standard fabric seat models.

Instrument panel

The information gauge, audio, and navigation system are laid out along the top of the centre panel

in such a way as to limit as much as possible the movement of the driver’s line of sight and thereby

create a comfortable driving environment. Additionally, the centre position of the air conditioning

vents clearly separates them from the air conditioning controls in the lower part of the panel. This

creates not only a visually sleek design but also provides functionality by allowing the driver to

make the necessary adjustments by only having to reach out to the corresponding zone.

Combination gauge

The three gauges are laid out nicely with silver rings. The gauges also have a sweep function in

which the indicators move to the maximum position when the ignition key is turned to ON and then

quickly return in order to heighten the excitement of driving. The blue gradation printing is

eliminated, and the tone of the blue and gray printing is featured. For the XV, a tone of gray

printing is featured in the design of the lettering plate. Coated needle caps are used to make the

design even more attractive.

Information gauge

The information gauge is positioned in the upper part of the centre panel to make it easy to read

while driving. The gauge normally displays ambient temperature, average fuel consumption,

instantaneous fuel consumption, and the time in digital form.

Seats

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The seats are designed with a shape that increases accessibility and improves sitting comfort to

reduce fatigue, and to provide support while driving. The 2.0R/2.0D Sport model and XV models

are also equipped with the sporty bucket seats. These provide excellent back support to both

driver and passengers and suggest an active image. Made especially for the XV models,

two-toned brown/black fabric seats are standard. Brown stitches also create a feeling of refined

quality interior. (XV 2.0R, XV 2.0D)

 Urethane material and flat-type seat back springs

A low-rebounding urethane material is adopted for the cushions of the front seats in order to

improve absorption of vibrations when driving. A flat-type spring is adopted for the back seat in

order to provide firm support for the hips and back by ensuring an ideal seated posture.

 Leather seats with 8-way power adjustable function for driver’s seat are available as an

optional for 2.0R/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0R and XV 2.0D models.

Major standard interior features for 2.0D/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0R and XV 2.0D

 Leather-wrapped steering wheel

 Leather-wrapped gearshift knob

 Bucket seats

Impreza: Comfort

Heater and air conditioning

An air conditioning system is standard for 1.5R and 2.0R models. Due to the adoption of a

condenser with a compressor and other components that effectively utilize coolant, air conditioning

performance was improved. Additionally, the air resistance within the air conditioning unit was

reduced resulting in a 10% increase in the maximum air-flow volume, and system noise

suppression was also greatly improved. Operability was improved with the three-dial controller and

the illumination of the slotted ring behind the dials with illumination adds a touch of luxury. Also, a

full automatic air conditioning system is available as an option for 1.5R, 2.0R, and 2.0R Sport

models. (Standard for 2.0D/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0R and XV 2.0D models)

Audio

<Combined audio/DVD navigation system (Optional for 2.0R, 2.0R/2.0D Sport)>

This multi-media DVD navigation system integrates a monitor, high-precision DVD navigation,

high-performance audio, DVD entertainment functions, and a Bluetooth* wireless hands free

function in a single unit. System performance and functions are developed with goal of providing a

comfortable driving experience by making sure the unit can be “clearly seen and used without

causing distraction”. A microphone is installed into the map lamp control panel to cope with hands

free conversation.

*Bluetooth is a registered trademark of SIG Inc. USA.

 The unit features a 7-inch wide high-precision VGA LCD monitor. A backlit LED is adopted to

improve screen visibility.

71

 A high-speed CPU is adopted for the DVD-ROM navigation system. Screen scrolling and

rerouting response is improved.

 Audio

Audyssey MultEQ technology*, which equalizes sound according to interior acoustic characteristics,

is adopted to provide optimal sound quality to every seat. Additionally, high-frequency noise

created by the navigation component is effectively blocked from penetrating the audio

component to ensure crystal clear and highly expressive sound reproduction.

* Audyssey MultEQ is a registered trademark of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

 Entertainment

In addition to CD and video-DVD functionality, the system is compatible with CD-R/RW,

DVD±R/RW media and a wide-range of compressed music formats such as MP3 and WMA.

The system includes an external auxiliary input jack for connection of audio-visual devices such

as portable audio players and video game units.

 Microphone is compatible with hands free system.

<CD player and AM/FM tuner with Bluetooth hands-free system (Standard for 2.0R,

2.0R/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0R and XV 2.0D models, optional for 1.5R AWD) >

This 10-speaker system combines a 1-CD player and AM/FM tuner. In addition, Bluetooth

compatible hands-free system is equipped as standard. Satellite switches for audio control and

Bluetooth hands-free system on the steering wheel are added to improve ease of operation while

driving. USB jack is available for iPod*. Music is controllable though the audio system.

*iPod is a registered trademark of Apple, Inc.

*Bluetooth is a registered trademark of SIG Inc. USA.

<CD player and AM/FM tuner (Compatible with MP3/WMA) (Standard for 1.5R and 2.0D)>

This audio system provides excellent essential functionality together with an improvement in basic

audio quality and acoustic field tuning including anti-vibration measures inside door panels.

Reduced interior VOCs

Materials and adhesives used in the vehicle interior are carefully selected in order to reduce the

use of volatile organic compounds such as formaldehyde and toluene.

Impreza: Utility

Keyless access with push button start system (Optional for 2.0R/2.0D Sports)

Carrying the access key, unlocking the doors only requires touching the sensor on the front door

handle. The doors can be locked using the switch on the door handle. In addition, by simply

pressing the push button ignition switch, the engine can be started without inserting the key.

Wiper de-icer control (Standard for XV 2.0R/XV 2.0D models, Optional for other models)

The wiper de-icer does not operate in range where the wiper de-icer function is not required

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(outside temperature of 5 degrees or higher). This avoids unnecessary power usage and

contributes to better fuel efficiency.

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof (Optional for 2.0R/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0R and XV

2.0D models)

A sunroof with dark tinted glass is available. The auto-slide function features a reverse slide

mechanism. It provides ample headroom without the cramped feeling found in some vehicles fitted

with a sunroof.

Steering wheel mounted Bluetooth-compatible switch (Standard for XV 2.0R/XV 2.0D

models, optional for 1.5R AWD, 2.0R and 2.0R/2.0D Sport models)

By installing the Bluetooth-compatible switch on the steering wheel, it can be operated easily.

Security

The security system uses an immobilizer vehicle control unit (standard on all models) that verifies

the ID code of the electronic chip contained in the key, and only allows the engine to be started if

the proper key is correctly identified. In addition to protecting against the engine starting by means

of a counterfeit key or similar action, the communication data is changed every time the engine is

started in order to prevent vehicle theft by copying of the internal data.

Main interior storage space

Large door pockets: Large enough to hold a 720 ml drink bottle or thin tissue paper box.

Glove box: Large enough to store 12 CDs, and features a lid damper and LED lighting.

Centre tray: Large enough to store four CDs. The 2.0R, 2.0D, 2.0R/2.0D Sport, and XV 2.0R and

XV 2.0D models feature an LED blue light in the bottom of the tray.

Cup holders: Cup holders located in the floor console are large enough to hold a coffee mug.

Floor console box: Large enough to hold eight CDs. The console box also includes an auxiliary

plug jack (included with the optional audio/navigation) and a DC 12V/120W electrical socket

(standard for all models).

Coat hooks

Removable coat hooks are located to the rear seat hand rails.

Other equipment

 Rear gate opener with electromagnetic switch

 Engine bonnet with gas damper

 Fuel lid with harness hook

 Built-in roof carrier bracket

 HID headlamps with Pop-up type headlamp washers (Optional for 2.0R, 2.0R/2.0D Sport, XV

2.0R and XV 2.0D models)

 Front seat heater (Standard for XV 2.0R/XV 2.0D models, optional for 1.5R AWD, 2.0R and

2.0R/2.0D Sport models)

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Impreza: Engine

SUBARU BOXER 1.5-litre DOHC NA

This is a long-stroke engine that provides large torque in low/intermediate gears with a small

displacement. In addition to the smooth torque characteristics in all rpm ranges, the efficiency in

the fuel consumption and exhaust emission control was improved. This engine provides exactly

the smooth running characteristics you would expect from a horizontally opposed engine while

also balancing a supple driving feel, excellent economic fuel consumption, and environmentally

considerate characteristics. In the 2011MY, the engine complies with Euro 5 exhaust emission

standards.

 For 2011MY, by adopting the secondary air system, Euro 5 exhaust gas regulations are

complied with.

 Optimized intake system

(1) The intake manifold arranges the air provided to each cylinder to match the firing order, causing

the intake air to form a vortex that improves intake efficiency.

(2) The intake ports feature a newly designed shape that intensifies tumble gas flow and also

improves intake performance.

(3) The Active Valve Control System (AVCS) is adopted. The synergistic effect of these three

features resulted in improved low/intermediate range torque, output at high engine speed, and

response in all ranges.

Optimized combustion chamber

A highly efficient and compact combustion chamber is achieved by optimizing the chamber shape

with the shape of the piston head surface. This resulted in improved output, fuel economy, and

exhaust purification performance. For 2011MY, the shape of the combustion chamber was

changed to suit the addition of the secondary air duct.

 Equal length constant pulsation exhaust system

This exhaust system reduces exhaust interference between cylinders to increase exhaust

efficiency and improve torque in all ranges. The rear catalyst was optimally-positioned to

improve exhaust gas emissions.

 Secondary air system

A secondary air system was adopted to improve exhaust gas emissions when starting the

engine. By passing secondary air around the cylinder head when starting the engine with cold

temperature, unburned gas is burnt again. This also allows the catalyst to activate faster to

reduce hydrocarbon emissions.

 Reduced friction

A reduction in friction in the valve driving system, oil pump and similar components resulted in

improved fuel economy and cleaner exhaust.

SUBARU BOXER 2.0-litre DOHC NA

This powerful unit provides a high level of balance among output/torque, fuel economy, and

environmentally considerate characteristics to offer smooth handling and a carefree driving

74

experience. Torque in the low and medium speed ranges is boosted and fuel economy improved in

comparison to prior models. In 2011MY, exhaust emission control performance is compliant with

Euro 5 standards.

 Optimized intake system

(1) The intake manifold arranges the air provided to each cylinder to match the firing order,

causing the intake air to form a vortex that improves intake efficiency. A resin-type was adopted

for weight savings and to meet the power output characteristics.

(2) The intake ports were designed to intensify tumble gas flow and also improve intake

performance. The synergistic effect of these two features results in improved low/intermediate

range torque, output at high engine speed, and response in all ranges. The shapes of the

intake port and combustion chamber are optimised to improve exhaust gas performance.

 Equal length constant pulsation exhaust system

This exhaust system reduces exhaust interference between cylinders to increase exhaust

efficiency and provide superior torque characteristics in all ranges. The size of the front and

rear catalyst were increased and the rear catalyst was optimally-positioned to improve exhaust

gas emissions.

 Secondary air system

A secondary air system was adopted to improve exhaust gas emissions when starting the

engine. By passing secondary air around the cylinder head when starting the engine with cold

temperature, unburned gas is burnt again. This also allows the catalyst to activate faster to

reduce hydrocarbon emissions.

 Reduced friction

A reduction in friction due to optimization of cooling and oil pump efficiency resulted in

improved fuel economy and cleaner exhaust gases.

SUBARU BOXER DIESEL 2.0-litre DOHC turbocharged engine

I. Features & Benefits

Low vibrations and noise

- The movements of the horizontally-opposed pistons work in unison to effectively cancel out the

second harmonic vibration (vibration at double the frequency of the engine’s revolution) that

causes discomfort in drivers. Thanks to this structural advantage, the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL

does not need balancer shafts which are commonly used in conventional in-line and V-type

engines. The compactly designed crankshaft sandwiched by the highly rigid cylinder blocks helps

minimizing an uncomfortable noise and vibration up to high rpm’s.

Superior engine response and good fuel economy

- No need for balancer shafts leads to low rotational inertia and friction within the engine itself. The

result is exceptional accelerator response and good fuel economy. In addition, exhaust

emission control performance is compliant with Euro 5 standards in 2011MY.

Contribution to the handling performance

- The bore pitch was shortened and the left and right blocks holding the crankshaft provide a highly

rigid design compared to the conventional in-line engines, which has also allowed use of an

75

aluminium alloy cylinder block for weight savings.

- In addition to the low centre of gravity provided by the structure of the Horizontally-Opposed

Engine, the placement of the turbocharger unit at the lower part of the engine functions to

maintain a low centre of gravity for the diesel engine, which tends to be quite heavy in weight.

- These engine features contribute to excellent handling performance.

II. Mechanism

1. Cylinder block

Cylinder block

An aluminium alloy cylinder block is used to maximise the potential of the highly rigid

Horizontally-Opposed Engine layout. To obtain ideal diesel combustion, the stroke was extended

by 11 mm and the bore was shortened by 6 mm compared to the SUBARU BOXER four-cylinder

2.0-litre petrol engine (EJ20). The bore pitch was shortened to 98.4 mm, which is similar to that of

SUBARU BOXER 6-cylinder petrol engine, while the petrol engine (EJ20) has 113.0 mm. This led

to a 61.3 mm reduction in engine block length for even more compact design.

Semi-closed deck: The block design uses the semi-closed deck type that has proven its durability

in the turbocharged petrol models. This increases rigidity around the head gasket mating areas.

Metal matrix composite journal: All 5 main bearings (journals) in the cylinder block incorporate

metal matrix composite journals (which are inserted during the casting process), resulting in

superior levels of quietness due to high rigidity and similarity in thermal expansion ratio to that of

crankshaft.

Extra cooling channels: Cooling slits were given between the cylinder bores to operate as water

cooling channels, thus improving cooling performance.

Pistons

High strength materials were used to withstand the high combustion pressures of the diesel engine.

Cooling channels within the pistons are incorporated, with engine oil squirted via oil jets, which

enhances piston cooling. The optimal shape of piston crowns and improvements made to gas flow

within the combustion chamber improve combustion efficiency, reduced NOx and PM (particulate

matter). As a result, they improved exhaust gas emissions.

Connecting rods

The large ends of the connecting rods feature an asymmetrical profile, which increases precision

during assembly and in roundness of the surface connecting the crankpin for reduced friction. It

also contributed to minimizing the rotational path, thus enabled to employ extended piston stroke

inside the compact cylinder block.

Crankshaft

The crankshaft in the BOXER DIESEL is shorter and lighter compared to conventional in-line

engines due to its overwrapping bore arrangement between both banks. This minimizes the

bending moment caused by the combustion pressure and contributes to lower noise level in higher

rpm’s. The high strength crankshafts underwent surface treatment to withstand the high

76

combustion pressures of a diesel engine.

Glow plugs

Ceramic type glow plugs were adopted. This raises the maximum temperature, providing better

start-up at cold temperatures and stability.

2. Valve system / intake and exhaust system

Cylinder head

High strength cylinder heads are used to withstand the high combustion pressures.

Roller rocker arms: compact and low friction end pivot type roller rocker arms are used in

combination with the double overhead cam (DOHC) system.

Valve System: The diameter of the intake valves are optimised for enhanced breathing

performance and swirl ratios, resulting in improved combustion efficiency.

Intake ports

The combination of an intake swirl pot system and optimised intake valve diameter results in ample

swirl performance.

Intake manifolds

A resin-type intake manifold was adopted. Compared to the former aluminium type, the weight was

reduced by around 1,600g. This improved torque characteristics and fuel efficiency.

Cam Drive System

A highly durable chain system is used to drive the camshaft to handle the variations in torque

produced by the diesel engine.

3. Common rail system

A common rail system is used for fuel delivery for better performance. The fuel is pressurised to

180 MPa before being fed into the common rail. In this 2011MY, a next-generation system was

adopted, thus exhaust gas emissions were improved by optimising control of injection.

Solenoid injectors

Specially designed injectors are used. A shorter overall length of the injector contributed to

maintain overall engine width as that of the regular petrol engine despite the longer piston stroke.

4. Turbocharger

A variable nozzle type turbocharger is specially designed to deliver ample turbocharged

performance across the entire engine range. The turbocharger itself is positioned under the engine

and mounted directly to the catalytic converters for increased environmental friendliness.

Response is improved while also helping to lower the centre of gravity. A lift sensor was added to

the turbocharger. Exhaust gas emissions were enhanced by improving control of variable vanes.

5. Exhaust

77

The exhaust system is fine tuned for use with the diesel engine.

6. Exhaust Emission Control System

A closed-type of diesel particulate filter (DPF) was adopted for the exhaust emission control

system of the Impreza in order to further enhance environmental friendliness.

The DPF is positioned together with the turbo charger at the lower part of the engine. This not only

improves exhaust gas purification performance, but also helps keeping the centre of gravity low,

thus further enhancing the superb handling performance of the symmetrical AWD. This system

complies with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations.

Oxidation catalytic converter

The catalytic converter separates un-burnt fuel into water and carbon dioxide. The unit is made

compact enough to be activated soon after the engine was started. If the temperature rises to

300°C under certain driving conditions, the oxidation catalytic converter generates NO2, which

oxidises collected diesel particulates inside the DPF.

Closed Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)

The adoption of a closed DPF functions to improve engine combustion efficiency and reduce

particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust in order to further enhance environmental friendliness.

The closed DPF features a honeycomb shaped filter made of silicon carbide. The filter channels

are blocked on alternating ends of each side and there are also microscopic pores on the inner

filter wall, thereby functioning to effectively collect the PM as the exhaust gas passes through

these microscopic pores.

The collected PM is combusted inside of the filter, which reaches 600°C and higher depending on

operating conditions, and repeatedly regenerated, processed, and emitted as exhaust. Conversely,

if the internal filter temperature is low with a continuous load operation, the temperature within the

layers is controlled to cause combustion of the PM, which is then repeatedly generated, processed,

and emitted as exhaust.

EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system

An EGR system is used to comply with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations. The cooled

exhaust gas is fed back into the combustion chamber to lower the combustion temperature and

reduce NOx emissions. For 2011MY, an EGR cooler was enlarged for better exhaust gas

emissions.

7. Engine mounting system

A liquid-filled engine mounting system is employed for even less vibration and better handling

performance.

78

Impreza: Drivetrain

Engine positioning changes

The fundamental support of the Impreza driving experience is Subaru’s unique left-right

symmetrical powertrain; all aspects of which were carefully fine-tuned to provide substantial driving

excitement together with optimal fuel economy. This innate handling agility was even enhanced in

Impreza by lowering the engine mounting position. A powertrain with a low centre of gravity further

accentuates the Impreza’s excellent driving characteristics and feeling.

Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel-Drive)

The AWD is carefully designed to fit all elements of the Impreza, such as ensuring optimal

combination with the engine and transmission, in order to further develop the advantages of

Subaru’s unique Symmetrical AWD that we have developed for many years behind our horizontally

opposed engine as its core technology.

 Active torque split AWD (E-4AT)

This electronically controlled AWD provides excellent driving stability and high traction due to its

ability to react quickly to sudden changes in road surface attained by constant monitoring of the

driving conditions of all four wheels and engine torque, and by instantaneous control of

front/rear wheel torque distribution. Distribution of drive force is distributed to maintain torque

loss at a minimum and thereby contribute to fuel-efficient driving.

 Centre differential AWD with viscous LSD (5MT with dual range and 6MT)

This manual transmission AWD utilizes a bevel gear centre differential. Together with the 50:50

basic torque distribution to the front and rear wheels, the LSD with viscous coupling limits

torque differential to maintain excellent vehicle stability when cornering.

Electronic control 4-speed automatic transmission with SPORTSHIFT* (SS E-4AT*) (All AT

models)

The adoption of a direct control transmission capable of minute speed control provides a gearshift

feeling with excellent response and minimum shift shock, as well as improving fuel economy. The

selector lever features four positions: P-R-N-D. The sport shift feature is adopted for all AT models

to allow drivers to enjoy the feeling of manual shifting.

*SS E-4AT: SPORTSHIFT is a registered trademark of Prodrive, Ltd.

 Neutral control

When the brake pedal is pressed and held down for a certain amount of time while waiting at a

stop light or similar circumstances, the transmission is shifted into neutral internally in order to

improve fuel economy. The transmission is automatically resumed to the D-range when the

brake pedal is released.

Dual-range 5-speed manual transmission (All grades of MT models except diesel models)

This transmission further improves the moderate yet brisk and solid shift feeling normally

associated with a longitudinal layout while providing improved noise reduction and drive feeling. An

auxiliary reduction gear with hi-low selection is a traditional feature of Subaru that preserves

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driving performance in steep up hills, towing and similar conditions.

6-speed manual transmission for SUBARU BOXER DIESEL (2.0D/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0D

models)

6-speed manual transmission was specially developed for the Impreza diesel model. The gear

ratios are fine tuned to match the output characteristics of SUBARU BOXER DIESEL with Impreza.

This transmission has the same length as a 5-speed manual transmission due to efficiently

engineered gear layout and shift-link configuration, resulting in a compact and lightweight 6-speed

transmission. Optimization of the gear ratios, strong torque characteristic of a diesel engine, and

the effects from creating a wide ratio results in a transmission that can cover all types of driving,

from the city to the expressway.

Impreza: Chassis

Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept (Subaru DC3)

(1) The combination of superb steering response, flexible chassis and greatly improved road

holding performance in the rear suspension provides drivers with a wholly pleasurable driving

experience.

(2) Improved road holding of the tyres and supple absorption of road bumps provide superior ride

and comfort.

(3) The whole chassis package provides a comfortable passenger compartment for the driver and

all passengers, and an easy to access luggage space as well.

The Subaru DC3 is generated based on an approach that brings a high level of balance among the

three elements listed above, and is adopted for the new Impreza accordingly. Significant progress

is achieved in the comfort, security, and drivability provided for everyday use of the car.

Suspension

A strut-type suspension system, developed and perfected over many years at Subaru, is adopted

for the front suspension. In addition to improvements in linear controllability and stability together

with improved ride and comfort, overall weight is reduced due to the integration of component

parts. A double wishbone suspension system is adopted for the rear suspension. In addition to

providing excellent stability and reduced component size, a substantially large and easy to access

luggage space is achieved by lowering the suspension further below the floor. Additionally,

attaching the suspension to the body via a sub-frame suppresses shocks from the road surface

and similar factors to provide excellent riding comfort and improved noise reduction. The front and

rear spring rates are reviewed to improve sprung mass movement. Damping rate of the front struts

and rear shock absorbers are also fine-tuned. Damping forces are lowered on the pressure side

and raised on the extension side, which delivers a more stable suspension stroke under a variety

of driving conditions such as cornering and on rough roads. This in turn reduces the rattling feel

around the sprung mass. The rear shock absorbers increase damping response at ultra slow

speed. This limits unnecessary sprung mass movement and vastly increases ride comfort. For NA

80

models, it provides a lither stroke. Turbo models benefit from sharper, quicker and sportier

handling while retaining ride comfort. Suspensions of the Impreza XV were finely tuned. The model

delivers agile handling and sporty driving by enhancing roll rigidity and improving marginal g-force.

Brakes

A highly reliable brake system that furnishes a feeling of complete safety when used on all types of

road surfaces, and in all driving and weather conditions is adopted in order to provide all drivers no

matter their driving skills with a pleasant and satisfactory driving experience.

 Tie-rod type tandem brake booster

A tie-rod type system booster that minimizes the expansion of booster shell while generating

brake pressure, is adopted. This brake booster improves not only the absolute brake

performance but also the secured brake feeling.

 ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD)

The standard ABS provides both braking performance that prevents early wheel lock-up and

steerability. EBD is also included in order to provide optimal braking force to each wheel

according to passenger and cargo weight.

Tyres and wheels

Tyres are selected to provide a high order of balance among different types of driving performance

according to weather conditions, noise suppression and riding comfort so that the full potential of

the car can be exhibited. In addition to high performance when accelerating or cornering, fuel

economy was improved due to ensured gripping performance, which is directly connected to

shorten braking distances, and reduced rotation resistance.

(1) 195/65R15+6JJ Steel wheels + Full wheel caps (Standard for 1.5R)

(2) 195/65R15+6JJ Aluminium wheels (Optional for 1.5R AWD)

(3) 205/55R16+6.5JJ Aluminium wheels (Standard for 2.0R, 2.0D, XV 2.0R and XV 2.0D)

(4) 205/50R17+7JJ Aluminium wheels (Standard for 2.0R/2.0D Sport)

A flat tyre repair kit is provided, rather than a spare tyre, for weight reduction. (Standard on 2.0D,

2.0D Sport and XV 2.0D)

Electric power steering system (2.0D/2.0D Sport, XV 2.0D)

A pinion electronic power steering system was adopted. Assist characteristics are optimized in

consideration of the use of a diesel engine and 17-inch tyres, resulting in a simple and direct

steering feeling.

Impreza: Body and Safety

Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frame

The unique Subaru body structure features not only the ring-shaped frame forms around each

81

pillar, but also the complete openings of both rear and front doors are reinforced with a similar

additional ring-shaped formation. This structure is used as a base for the Impreza to which we

optimized body construction by adding the most advanced impact absorption technology as well as

applying various types of high-strength steel plates where they will be most effective in order to

provide a safe, secure, and comfortable driving experience. This also results in a reduction of

overall vehicle weight.

 Body structure improvements

The side body structure was completely redesigned by applying the basic philosophy

underlying Subaru’s world-renowned ring-shaped reinforcement frame. By adopting a door with

a sash, a high degree of balance was achieved between rigidity, strength, and lightweight

together with an enlarged door opening. The body structure offers both a high level of rigidity,

which is directly related to improved driving performance and comfort, and also superior

collision safety to protect occupants in case of an accident.

Collision safety for all directions

Using the ring-shaped reinforcement frame, with its reputation for safety, as a base, Subaru further

increased collision safety performance for the front, rear, and both sides. This is especially

important for the rear where sufficient collision absorption capability had to be ensured even as the

size of the overhang was reduced. In order to achieve this, a rational structure was adopted to

absorb and disperse impact energy efficiently throughout the body.

Improved safety features around the doors

The structure was adopted to ensure a high degree of protection through impact absorption

features for side collisions and also to permit easy escape for occupants.

 Structure to prevent being trapped

A structure is adopted to prevent occupants from being trapped by ensuring that both front and

rear doors can still be opened after a collision.

 Remote cable connection

The doorknob and latch are connected with a cable to ensure that doors can be opened when

occupants are escaping the car.

 Rear door catcher mechanism

A catcher is added to the door lock striker near the side sill that prevents excessive door

deformation and suppresses incursion of the doors during side collisions. This feature improves

collision safety and reduces the overall vehicle weight.

Improved rear end safety features

A structure was adopted in which the rear frame height is the same as that of the normal height of

the front bumper of passenger vehicles. This layout functions to absorb and disperse weight during

a collision and also to allow the frame to gradually absorb crushing impacts from the rear end of

the car.

Pedestrian protection

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The hood frame structure and material, wiper structure and other components are optimized to

provide efficient energy absorption during collisions. These features lessen the impact to

pedestrians in during collisions.

Powertrain structure that improves impact absorption

The horizontally opposed engine and vertical transmission effectively reduce injuries to occupants

during a front-end collision. The engine and transmission are designed to drop down along the

body floor surface in order to prevent incursion into the interior of the vehicle and decrease the

possibility of secondary injuries to the occupants.

SRS side airbags and SRS curtain airbags (Standard for all models)

SRS side and curtain airbags greatly contribute to reducing injuries to occupants during side

collisions by greatly increasing the protected area resulting in a significant improvement to collision

safety features.

Whiplash reducing front seat (Standard for 1.5R, 2.0R and 2.0D models)

 Headrest

The headrest functions to prevent excessive turning at the neck by quickly restraining the head

in order to reduce the possibility of whiplash and similar injuries, while also softening impacts to

the head.

 __________Seatback

Entire seatbacks absorb the force when passengers are pushed backward.

Others

 Safety pedal

A safety structure is adopted for the brake and clutch (MT models only) pedals, and the

footrest (AT models only) in order to reduce injuries to the lower body of the driver.

 Impact reducing interior

An impact absorbing structure is adopted for all pillars and the interior of side rail trims in order

to prevent secondary impacts between occupants and interior equipment during collisions in

cars not equipped with curtain air bags.

Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) System (Standard for all models)

The Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) system that provides the anti-skid function and realizes high

driving and safety performance is equipped as a standard feature. Making use of the excellent

drivability, this unit only operates when truly dangerous driving conditions are experienced: the

system ensures vehicle stability when needed. This provides driving excitement without

compromising Subaru’s renowned driving safety. Superior driving stability is realized by closely

monitoring vehicle behaviour and flexibly controlling ABS (anti-lock brake system), TCS (engine

control and brake LSD control for traction control), and VDC (engine control and brake control for

anti-skid) based on the information fed from the sensors.

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Impreza: Engine Data

1.5-litre DOHC 2.0-litre DOHC

1.5-litre 4-cylinder DOHC 2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC

Max Power: 79kW (107PS)/6,000rpm Max Power: 110kW (150PS)/6,400rpm

Max Torque: 140Nm (14.3kgfm)/3200rpm Max Torque: 196Nm (20.0kgfm)/3,200rpm

2.0-litre DIESEL

2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC DIESEL Turbo

Max Power: 110kW (150PS)/3,600rpm

Max Torque: 350Nm (35.7kgfm)/1,800-2,400rpm

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Impreza Specifications

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed,

4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol engine

Type

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 77.7/79.0

Capacity cc 1,498

Compression ratio 10.1

Fuel system Multi-Point Sequential Injection

Fuel tank capacity lit. 60

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW

(PS)/rpm 79 (107)/6,000

Max. torque (DIN) Nm

(kgfm)/rpm 142 (14.5)/3,200

Max. speed km/h

175(in

4th

gear)

167(in 3rd gear) 175(in 4th

gear) 167(in 3rd gear) 197(in 5th

gear) 182(in 3rd gear)

Acceleration (0-100

km/h) sec. 13.2 14.3 14.0 15.1 9.6 11.6

Urban lit./100 km 9.8 9.7 9.7 10.0 11.4 11.3

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.9 6.6

Combined lit./100 km 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.6 8.4

Urban g/km 226 224 225 231 265 263

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 142 145 148 147 161 154

Combined g/km 173 174 176 177 199 194

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type

– –

Centre

differential

gear

coupled

with viscous

LSD

Active Torque

Split AWD system

Centre

differential

gear

coupled

with viscous

LSD

Active Torque

Split AWD

system

DIMENSIONS &

WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,415

Overall width mm 1,740

Overall height mm 1,475

Wheelbase mm 2,620

Track Front mm 1,505 1,495

Rear mm 1,510 1,495

Minimum road clearance (at kerb

weight) mm 155

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,216

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,240 1,270 1,310 1,325 1,345 1,360

Towing capacity kg 1,000 1,200 1,500 1,200 1,600 1,200

TRANS-AXLE

1st 3.454 2.785 3.454 2.785 3.454 2.785

2nd 1.947 1.545 1.947 1.545 2.062 1.545

3rd 1.296 1.000 1.296 1.000 1.448 1.000

4th 0.972 0.694 0.972 0.694 1.088 0.694

5th 0.780 – 0.780 – 0.825 –

6th – – – – – –

Gear ratio

Reverse 3.333 2.272 3.333 2.272 3.333 2.272

Final drive axle ratio 4.444 4.444 4.444 4.444 4.111 4.111

Low-range ratio – – 1.447 – 1.447 –

CHASSIS

Steering Rack and Pinion

Suspension Front MacPherson strut type

(4-wheel

independent) Rear Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre

(radius) m 5.3

Brakes Front Ventilated disc brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 195/65R15, 15 x 6" JJ*3 205/55R16, 16 x 6.5" JJ

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to EC715/2007-692/2008F(Petrol models)/EC715/2007-692/2008A(Diesel models).

*2 Measured by VDA (V214). *3 Optional: 195/65R15, 15 x 6" J *4 Optional: 205/50R17, 17 x 7" JJ

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

85

Impreza Specifications

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed,

4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol engine

Type

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 92.0/75.0

Capacity cc 1,994

Compression ratio 10.2

Fuel system Multi-Point Sequential Injection

Fuel tank capacity lit. 60

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 110 (150)/6,400

Max. torque (DIN) Nm (kgfm)/rpm 196 (20.0)/3,200

Max. speed km/h 197(in 5th gear) 182(in 3rd gear) 196(in 5th gear) 182(in 3rd gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 9.6 11.6 9.6 11.6

Urban lit./100 km 11.4 11.3 11.4 11.3

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.6

Combined lit./100 km 8.6 8.4 8.6 8.4

Urban g/km 265 263 265 263

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 161 154 161 154

Combined g/km 199 194 199 194

DRIVETRAIN

Centre differential gear Centre differential gear

AWD type

coupled with viscous

LSD

Active Torque Split AWD system

coupled with viscous LSD

Active Torque Split AWD system

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,415 4,430

Overall width mm 1,740 1,770

Overall height mm 1,475 1,520

Wheelbase mm 2,620

Front mm 1,495 1,505

Track

Rear mm 1,495 (1,500)*4 1,510

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 155

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,216

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,355 1,365 1,395 1,405

Towing capacity kg 1,600 1,200 1,200

TRANS-AXLE

1st 3.454 2.785 3.454 2.785

2nd 2.062 1.545 2.062 1.545

3rd 1.448 1.000 1.448 1.000

4th 1.088 0.694 1.088 0.694

5th 0.825 – 0.825 –

6th – – – –

Gear ratio

Reverse 3.333 2.272 3.333 2.272

Final drive axle ratio 4.111 4.111 4.111 4.111

Low-range ratio 1.447 – 1.447 –

CHASSIS

Steering Rack and Pinion

Suspension Front MacPherson strut type

(4-wheel independent) Rear Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.3

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 205/55R16, 16 x 6.5" JJ*4 205/55R16, 16 x 6.5" J

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to EC715/2007-692/2008F(Petrol models)/EC715/2007-692/2008A(Diesel models).

*2 Measured by VDA (V214). *3 Optional: 195/65R15, 15 x 6" J *4 Optional: 205/50R17, 17 x 7" JJ

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included. Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

86

Impreza Specifications

5-DoorENGINE

Horizontally-Opposed,

4-cylinder, 4-stroke,

turbocharged, diesel engine

Type

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 86.0/86.0

Capacity cc 1,998

Compression ratio 16.3

Fuel system Common rail system

Fuel tank capacity lit. 64

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 110 (150)/3,600 110 (150)/3,600

Max. torque (DIN) Nm

(kgfm)/rpm 350 (35.7)/1,800-2,400 350 (35.7)/1,800-2,400

Max. speed km/h 205(in 6th gear) 203(in 6th gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 8.6 9.0 9.0

Urban lit./100 km 7.1 7.1 7.1

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 4.9 5.0 5.0

Combined lit./100 km 5.7 5.8 5.8

Urban g/km 186 187 187

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 128 132 132

Combined g/km 149 152 152

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type Centre differential gear

coupled with viscous LSD

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,415 4,430

Overall width mm 1,740 1,770

Overall height mm 1,470 1,515

Wheelbase mm 2,620

Front mm 1,495 1,510

Track

Rear mm 1,500 1,500 1,515

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 150

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,216

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,410 1,455 1,475

Towing capacity kg 1,600

TRANS-AXLE

1st 3.454

2nd 1.750

3rd 1.062

4th 0.785

5th 0.634

6th 0.557

Gear ratio

Reverse 3.636

Final drive axle ratio 3.900

Low-range ratio –

CHASSIS

Steering Electric Pinion Assist type

Suspension Front MacPherson strut type

(4-wheel independent) Rear Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.3

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 205/55R16, 16 x 6.5" JJ 205/50R17, 17 x 7" JJ 205/55R16, 16 x 6.5" J

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to EC715/2007-692/2008F(Petrol models)/EC715/2007-692/2008A(Diesel models).

*2 Measured by VDA (V214). *3 Optional: 195/65R15, 15 x 6" J *4 Optional: 205/50R17, 17 x 7" JJ

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included. Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

87

Impreza Optional and Features

5-Door

Item 1.5R FWD 1.5R AWD 2.0R

MT AT MT AT MT AT

Exterior

HID low beam headlamps – – – – OP OP

Pop-up type headlamp washers – – – – OP OP

Front fog lamps – – OP OP OP OP

Rear fog lamp      

Body coloured door mirrors      

Body coloured outer door handles      

Power-folding door mirrors – – OP OP OP OP

Variable intermittent windshield wipers*1      

Intermittent rear window wiper      

15-inch aluminium alloy wheels – – OP OP – –

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels – – – – OP OP

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels(for 2.0D) – – – – – –

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels(for XV 2.0R/XV 2.0D) – – – – – –

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels – – – – – –

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof – – – – – –

Carrier installation brackets      

Roofrails – – – – – –

Front under spoiler – – – – – –

Side under spoilers – – – – – –

Side claddings – – – – – –

Rear under spoiler – – – – – –

Roof spoiler      

Rear deflector – – – – – –

Roof antenna      

Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear window – – – – OP OP

Single muffler cutter – – – – – –

Seating / Trims     

Leather wrapped steering wheel – – OP OP OP OP

Leather wrapped gearshift knob – – OP OP OP OP

Sporty front seats – – – – – –

Leather seats*2 – – – – – –

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat only)      

8-way power adjustable driver’s seat – – – – – –

Front seat heaters – – OP OP OP OP

60/40 split folding rear seats      

Seat back pocket (front passenger side only)      

Plated inner door handles      

Comfort / Convenience     

Power windows*3      

Remote control key system      

Keyless Access and Push Button Start System – – – – – –

Map lamps      

Luggage space lamp      

Vanity mirrors with lids (for driver and front passenger)      

Centre tray*4      

Centre console box      

Front cup holders (in the centre console)*5      

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)      

Interior fuel lid lock release      

Two 12-volt power outlets (in the instrument panel and centre console box)      

Retractable cargo cover      

*1 2.0R / 2.0R Sport /XV 2.0R/2.0D/2.0D Sport/2.0D/2.0DL Sport/XV 2.0D: equipped with designed blade.

*2 Synthetic leather (PVC) is used for some parts of seats' upholstery.

*3 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function.

*4 2.0R / 2.0R Sport /XV 2.0R/2.0D/2.0D Sport/2.0D/2.0DL Sport/XV 2.0D: equipped with blue illumination.

*5 Dual-range models= 1 cup holder, other models = 2 cup holders

88

Impreza Optional and Features

5-Door

2.0R

Sport XV 2.0R 2.0D 2.0D

Sport

XV

Item 2.0D

MT AT MT AT MT MT MT

Exterior

HID low beam headlamps OP OP OP OP – OP OP

Pop-up type headlamp washers OP OP OP OP – OP OP

Front fog lamps OP OP   – OP 

Rear fog lamp       

Body coloured door mirrors       

Body coloured outer door handles       

Power-folding door mirrors OP OP   OP OP 

Variable intermittent windshield wipers*1       

Intermittent rear window wiper       

15-inch aluminium alloy wheels – – – – – – –

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels   – – – – –

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels(for 2.0D) – – – –  – –

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels(for XV 2.0R/XV 2.0D) – –   – – 

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels OP OP – – –  

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof OP OP OP OP – OP OP

Carrier installation brackets   – –   

Roofrails – –   – – 

Front under spoiler   – – –  

Side under spoilers   – – –  

Side claddings – –   – – 

Rear under spoiler   – – –  

Roof spoiler   – –   

Rear deflector – –   – – 

Roof antenna       

Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear window OP OP OP OP – OP OP

Single muffler cutter       

Seating / Trims 

Leather wrapped steering wheel OP OP     

Leather wrapped gearshift knob OP OP     

Sporty front seats     –  

Leather seats*2 OP OP OP OP – OP OP

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat only)       

8-way power adjustable driver’s seat OP OP OP OP – OP OP

Front seat heaters OP OP   OP OP 

60/40 split folding rear seats       

Seat back pocket (front passenger side only)       

Plated inner door handles       

Comfort / Convenience 

Power windows*3       

Remote control key system       

Keyless Access and Push Button Start System OP OP – – – OP –

Map lamps       

Luggage space lamp       

Vanity mirrors with lids (for driver and front passenger)       

Centre tray*4       

Centre console box       

Front cup holders (in the centre console)*5       

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)       

Interior fuel lid lock release       

Two 12-volt power outlets (in the instrument panel and centre console box)       

Retractable cargo cover       

*1 2.0R / 2.0R Sport /XV 2.0R/2.0D/2.0D Sport/2.0D/2.0DL Sport/XV 2.0D: equipped with designed blade.

*2 Synthetic leather (PVC) is used for some parts of seats' upholstery.

*3 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function.

*4 2.0R / 2.0R Sport /XV 2.0R/2.0D/2.0D Sport/2.0D/2.0DL Sport/XV 2.0D: equipped with blue illumination.

*5 Dual-range models= 1 cup holder, other models = 2 cup holders

89

Impreza Optional and Features

5-Door

Item 1.5R FWD 1.5R AWD 2.0R

MT AT MT AT MT AT

Climate control

Automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter – – OP OP OP OP

Heater ducts for rear passengers      

Windshield wiper de-icer – – OP OP OP OP

Heated door mirrors – – OP OP OP OP

Front and side defrosters      

Electric rear window defogger with timer      

Entertainment

2-DIN audio: 1-CD with 4 speakers   OP OP OP OP

2-DIN audio: 1-CD with 10 speakers – – OP OP OP OP

DVD navigation*6 and audio system with Audyssey MultEQ*7: 1-CD with 10 speakers – – – – OP OP

Steering wheel mounted audio remote control switches – – OP OP OP OP

Auxiliary audio input jack (in the centre console box)      

Auxiliary audio and USB input jack (in the centre console box) – – OP OP OP OP

Audio/Visual auxiliary input jack (in the centre console box*8 – – – – OP OP

Bluetooth®*9-compatible hands-free system – – OP OP OP OP

Control / Instruments

Information display*10      

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel      

Cruise control – – OP OP OP OP

Drivability

Vehicle Dynamics Control System      

Hill Start Assist  –  –  

Safety

Front SRS*11 airbags      

Front side SRS*11 airbags (for driver and front passenger)      

Curtain SRS*11 airbags (front and rear, both sides)      

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)      

Steering column support beam      

Active headrests (for driver and front passenger)      

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions      

Seatbelt indicator (for driver)      

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters      

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)      

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions      

Safety brake pedal system      

4-sensor/4-channel ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution      

Brake assist system      

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)      

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)      

Anti-theft security system with engine immobiliser      

*6 Equipped with 7-inch VGA centre display

*7 Audyssey MultEQ is a registered trademark of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

*8 Included with OPal navigation system.

*9 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*10 It shows : current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, ambient temperature and clock.

*11 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and OPal features, model lineup may vary according to market.

90

Impreza Optional and Features

5-Door

2.0R

Sport XV 2.0R 2.0D 2.0D

Sport

XV

Item 2.0D

MT AT MT AT MT MT MT

Climate control

Automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter OP OP     

Heater ducts for rear passengers       

Windshield wiper de-icer OP OP   OP OP 

Heated door mirrors OP OP   OP OP 

Front and side defrosters       

Electric rear window defogger with timer       

Entertainment

2-DIN audio: 1-CD with 4 speakers OP OP – –  OP –

2-DIN audio: 1-CD with 10 speakers OP OP   – OP 

DVD navigation*6 and audio system with Audyssey MultEQ*7: 1-CD with 10 speakers OP OP – – – OP –

Steering wheel mounted audio remote control switches OP OP   – OP 

Auxiliary audio input jack (in the centre console box)       

Auxiliary audio and USB input jack (in the centre console box) OP OP   – OP 

Audio/Visual auxiliary input jack (in the centre console box*8 OP OP – – – OP –

Bluetooth®*9-compatible hands-free system OP OP   – OP 

Control / Instruments

Information display*10       

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel       

Cruise control OP OP     

Drivability

Vehicle Dynamics Control System       

Hill Start Assist  –  –   

Safety

Front SRS*11 airbags       

Front side SRS*11 airbags (for driver and front passenger)       

Curtain SRS*11 airbags (front and rear, both sides)       

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)       

Steering column support beam       

Active headrests (for driver and front passenger) – – – –  – 

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions       

Seatbelt indicator (for driver)       

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters       

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)       

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions       

Safety brake pedal system       

4-sensor/4-channel ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution       

Brake assist system       

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)       

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)       

Anti-theft security system with engine immobiliser       

*6 Equipped with 7-inch VGA centre display

*7 Audyssey MultEQ is a registered trademark of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

*8 Included with OPal navigation system.

*9 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*10 It shows : current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, ambient temperature and clock.

*11 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and OPal features, model lineup may vary according to market.

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WRX STI: Model Concept

Since its introduction in 1994, the continuous evolution and development of the WRX STI has been

propelled by the strong support and expectations of thousands of enthusiastic customers and

motorsports fans all over the world. These loyal customers strongly appreciate Subaru’s

fun-to-drive compact vehicle for its superb performance delivered through its unique power train,

and its unique combination of turbo-charged Horizontally-Opposed Boxer engine and Symmetrical

All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) system.

Subaru persists in its philosophy of developing the ultimate driver’s car, a vehicle that embodies

the essence of total driving control, from ordinary to extreme driving conditions. Subaru’s

performance flagship, the WRX STI, defines Subaru’s view of AWD Sport. The Symmetrical AWD

is the core technology used by Subaru to enhance such values. With this philosophy in mind,

Subaru’s performance icon, the WRX STI, received a full model change in 2007 featuring not only

higher and exhilarating performance but also improved handling control; The Accurate handling

response is regarded as a key performance element as it provides full confidence to the driver in

all driving conditions. Even to the most demanding of drivers, a vehicle that combines sheer power

and confidence-boosting handling performance feels very special; WRX STI drivers don’t simply

own an AWD sport car; they own an extraordinary driving machine.

Concept of 2011MY WRX STI

Based on the concept of “The Fastest WRX STI Ever”, the 2011MY was developed to deliver

maximum performance. From the first generation WRX STI, the model has been enhanced for

superior high performance and safety on all road conditions. In order to constantly refine its sport

car’s all-round performance, the 2011MY WRX STI was extensively tested under various weather,

traffic and road conditions, ranging from slow congested city driving to extreme race track lapping,

including on the Nürburgring racetrack. At Subaru, the phrase “Fastest” does not simply refer to

maximum top speed or engine output. Perhaps more importantly, top-performance should result

from the confidence the driver gets behind the wheel, even when taking the car to its handling limit.

The vehicle’s immediate, faithful and accurate response to the driver’s command provide this

confidence. Tests of the 2011MY WRX STI ‘s new chassis settings and enhanced suspension

confirmed the car has increased stability and highly predictable behavior, providing total driving

control -and confidence- in addition to exhilarating power.

Key enhancement for 2011MY

The 2011MY WRX STI ‘s “total driving control” was further refined through the addition of a

thoroughly reviewed suspension system and lowered overall height, enabling a more direct and

accurate control of the car. Road holding capability was also improved, maximizing the driver’s

confidence in cornering at high speed. The 2011MY 4-door (sedan) version, newly added to the

line-up, features a wide and low shape as well as a large rear spoiler which will surely appeal to

Subaru’s enthusiasts.

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On the 2011MY WRX STI, the overall suspension setup was revised to further improve accuracy

and handling response, maneuverability, and road holding capability. In the front suspension, the

rear-end bushings of the lower arms were changed to a pillow-ball type, which was adopted for the

very first time in the Subaru production models. This drastically improves toe and lateral stiffness,

making the steering control even more faithful and responsive to the driver’s intention. In the rear

suspension, the specifications of the sub-frame bushings were changed to improve toe and

camber stiffness, resulting in increased vehicle responsiveness and road holding capability.

Specialized tuning of the damping force of both front and rear dampers also contributes to the

secure road-holding ability. Changes to specifications of the front and rear coil springs, and to the

stabilizers, greatly improve roll stiffness. Due to these suspension refinements, the ground

clearance was decreased by 5 mm for lower center of gravity to increase maximum lateral-G.

WRX STI: Design

Exterior design

In order to further pursue the performance expected of a road sport model, a new performance

AWD 4-door version was added to the lineup. The new WRX STI 4-door design is based on a

“wide and low” concept that gives the car an aggressive road presence. It features widened front

and rear track dimensions and wider, more pronounced front fenders and rear quarter panels. The

exterior design retains a consistent flow from front to rear bumper, creating a distinctive identity,

and gives the new WRX STI a unique road presence.

A completely new front design was given to the new 4-door sedan. A sharp bumper corner and

open-ended design around the fog lamps are now backed out to give it a “wide and low” look. The

front received a sportier touch by jutting out the lip spoiler with three-dimensional detailing. The

newly designed front grille employs a blacked out Subaru floating wing with black mesh, enhancing

the car’s powerful appearance. The bigger grille and open-ended bumper make the front end look

wide and low, and gives an impression of high performance.

The blister fenders are stretched out on the side more than the tail lamps, and this accentuates a

look of stability on both 4-door and 5-door models. A striking larger rear spoiler available as a factory

option, was exclusively designed for 4-door model and its three-dimensional shape contributes to an

improved aerodynamic performance, and creates a commanding profile. The rear combination lamps

meet the increased size of the flared rear wings with a fitted outer plate. This creates an overall solid

look that exudes stability. The diffuser shape incorporated at the bottom of the rear bumper envelops

the muffler for refined, sporty look. For sedan models, the rear fog lamp is placed in the centre to suit

the design of the rear bumper.

The 4-door WRX STI features its own version of the polished stainless steel quad-tailpipe exhaust,

with tailpipe diameter enlarged to 80 mm. It gives the vehicle a more powerful as well as a better

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quality exterior appearance. The new lighter 18-inch wheels with high-lustre paint are standard.

These wheels enhance the vehicle’s bold and commanding presence while expressing high quality

and streamlined beauty. BBS-brand forged wheels highlighted by black high-lustre paint are optional.

The large undercover beneath the floor was newly adopted for 2011MY to improve aerodynamic

performance.

A new exclusive colour is added for 2011MY and a total of seven exterior colours are now

available: Obsidian Black Pearl; Spark Sliver Metallic; Dark Gray Metallic; Lightning Red; WR Blue

Mica; Satin White Pearl; Plasma Blue Silica (New)

Interior design

In 2011MY, based on the theme of “interior designing for the high performance car”, a sporty

cockpit with high levels of attention to detail is designed. It is finished in new colour coordination of

two types of metallic; a newly designed dark metallic cast texture exhibiting the “soft tone of cast

metal”, and “sharply radiant” silver to highlight its streamlined design, as well as to create an

impression of sportiness and elegance. Dynamic designs with new colour of decorative insets in

the center panels and door trim express roominess in the cabin. The vehicle information display,

which constantly shows outside temperature, mileage and time, as well as a navigation screen and

audio display, are placed nearer the top of the dashboard for improved visibility and functionality.

The front bucket seats use a combination of Alcantara and leather and are designed to hold the

driver and passenger in comfortably and securely. Jointly developed with RECARO, new custom

bucket seats for front passengers are also available as a manufacturer’s option. The new Recaro

seats employ more punched leather upholsteries on cushions and back for better seating comfort.

These offer fuller side support and excel in maintaining a comfortable position for sporty driving.

Their height adjustment enables further lowering of the hip point.

Tilt and telescopic steering comes with a three-spoke genuine leather wheel embossed with the STI

logo in its center. New for 2011MY, the WRX STI interior is finished in black and silver to highlight its

sporty design. The colour of each metallic part was unified to dark metallic and sharp silver. Trim

panels, steering wheel air bag cover and steering wheel switches are now dark cast metallic. By

installing the Bluetooth-compatible switch on the steering wheel, hands-free conversations can be

enjoyed easily. The instrument panel combines three meters, a tachometer between a speedometer

and fuel gauge, in a single module illuminated in red. For 2011MY, visibility is improved by using a

more functional and elaborate finish for the gauges. A more detailed scale gives it the precise look of

a scientific instrument and improves its sporty image. When the ignition key is turned on, the needles

of the three meters swing up to their maximums and quickly fall back to their original positions,

imparting a boost of excitement for the driver starting the car. The meter module also comes with a

REV Indicator, DCCD Torque Indicator, and Shift-up Indicator. In addition, red LED lights are used for

interior door step lights, and they are also provided for the console tray. The center console is

embellished with the STI logo, which illuminates while the headlights are on.

In the power window switches, jam protection system and off-delay timer were newly added for

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increased convenience.

An optional sunroof with dark tinted glass is added. The auto-close function features a jam

protection mechanism. It provides ample headroom without the cramped feeling found in some

vehicles fitted with a sunroof.

WRX STI: Power unit

At the heart of the Subaru’s core technology lies the Horizontally-opposed Engine. Its innate nature

of light weight, compact configuration, high rigidity, and superb rotational balance are keys for

building unique sports vehicles.

The engine development of the WRX STI started from this ideal base. By fine tuning each individual

technical element, we achieved a special engine unit that delivers a huge output without sacrificing

environmental targets. Exhaust emission control performance of the 2011MY is compliant with Euro

5 standards.

 2.5-litre Subaru BOXER 16-valve Turbo with Dual AVCS

This engine produces a massive torque even from the low-rev range and can be revved-up

smoothly to the red zone at 6,700rpm. Torque improvement throughout the rev range translates

into better response and linear acceleration. This genuine sports car engine will surely outreach

the expectations of the most demanding drivers.

While achieving such high performance, the engine successfully meets the Euro STEP V exhaust

emission standard and displays lower fuel consumption compared to the previous model, which is

competitive in its class. The WRX STI engine not only gained emotional value, it also gained

intelligent value.

 Output Performance

1). Electronically-control throttle chamber (ETC)

The flexibility in the accelerator-throttle linkage (man-machine interface) enabled to put such

powerful engine under accurate control. This device is also helping to gain fuel economy.

2). Dual Active Valve Control System (AVCS)

Variable valve timing control mechanisms on both intake and exhaust valves work precisely to

optimize the charging efficiency and clean combustion throughout the rev range, which improves

both low to mid rev range torque, high rev range output and overall environmental performance.

3). Intercooler

The capacity of the intercooler was enlarged thus improving the charging efficiency of intake air.

4). Laterally mounted muffler

The capacity of the muffler was increased by changing the lay-out from longitudinal into lateral

arrangement.

 Environmental friendliness

1). Tumble Generation Valve (TGV)

This mechanism generates strong tumble inside the intake air stream so that the air fuel mixture

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under cold condition can be improved. This will result in the cleaner exhaust emission gas under

the cold start conditions.

2). Secondary Air System

This system injects some fresh air into the exhaust port while the engine is in cold conditions so

that non-burnt gas can be re-burnt. This minimizes hydro-carbon emission. It also helps activate

the catalyst quickly.

WRX STI: Drive train

In order to develop a vehicle that provides equally high performance and handling control levels,

the drive train was totally evolved by using Subaru’s best experiences and technologies in car

dynamics control. The vehicle was engineered to react just as driver whishes, hence providing

both sheer excitement and reassuring confidence in driving.

 SI-DRIVE (Subaru Intelligent Drive)

SI-DRIVE, that enables the drivers to choose three different engine mappings according to the

driving environment or at the driver’s mood, is featured in the WRX STI. From the most responsive

exhilarating performance mode to smooth operating city drive mode where customers can also

enjoy the benefit of saving energy, the drivers can now enjoy the potential of WRX STI engine in all

situations.

1). Intelligent (I) mode:

In this mode, the engine’s torque production character is tailored to be milder against the accelerator

operations so that a smoother control of the vehicle is achieved. A shift-up indicator is activated

inside the combination meters, while it is in the intelligent mode, to indicate the recommendable

shift-up point for the better fuel economy. This mode is recommendable when a delicate throttle

control is needed like when you are running in congested road, or simply when you are tired. In the

case the driver comes to a need of more torque (e.g. at the highway junctions), he or she can keep

depressing the accelerator further to escape tentatively from Intelligent mode to output maximum

engine torque.

2). Sport (S) mode:

In this mode, the engine’s torque production character is set in the most linear one against the

accelerator operations. This is an almighty setting so that it can cover any driving situation.

3). Sport Sharp (S#) Mode:

In this mode, the potential of the WRX STI engine is fully released. The torque production

character against the accelerator operation is set to the sharpest one so that the driver can use the

quickest response according to the driving situation.

 6-speed Manual Transmission

The shift feeling of the transmission holds one of the key elements to enhance the sheer driving

pleasure. Based on the in-house developed 6-speed manual transmission which already gained

reputation in its preciseness and durability, the shift feeling was even enhanced up to the matured

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performance level.

1). A triple-cone synchronizer was employed at the 1st gear and the required shift operation force

was reduced by 30%.

2). Internal friction was reduced by modifying the design of shift sleeves at 1-2, 3-4 and 5-6 shifting

mechanism.

 Vehicle Handling Control Mechanism

The key mechanism that dominates the huge output under driver’s control in WRX STI is the

Subaru’s Symmetrical AWD system that consists of Horizontally-Opposed Boxer Engine with low

center of gravity for its flat configuration and the advanced AWD technology structured in the

efficient symmetrical layout. The center differential gear system employs DCCD (Driver’s Control

Center Differential System) which variably changes the torque distribution ratio between front and

rear axles from 41:59 to locked. By managing the torque distribution ratio, the DCCD can display

the highest balance between agility and stability in handling.

 Multi-mode DCCD (Driver’s Control Center Differential) type AWD

DCCD is the mechanical center differential gear combined with mechanical LSD (Limited Slip

Differential) and electronically controlled LSD which can control the torque distribution ratio

between the front and rear axles for the optimum vehicle dynamics control. In the WRX STI, there

prepared three kinds of automatic LSD control modes and manual mode which the driver can

select according to his or her preference or the road conditions and driving situations.

1). AUTO Mode

This default mode can cover any road conditions and driving situations.

2). AUTO+ Mode

The LSD is kept tightened during the course of driving so that overall traction is maximized.

It is best used on slippery road conditions.

3). AUTO- Mode

The LSD is kept loosened during the course of driving so that sharp handling performance is

maintained. It is best used on the dry and gripping road conditions.

4). Manual Mode

The LSD effect can be set manually in constant 6 steps. It is useful for such special situations like

in motor sports

 Multi-Mode VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control) System

While the Symmetrical AWD system acts progressively to control the vehicle handling

characteristics, the VDC System works as a backing system to keep the stability of the vehicle in

case it is losing it by managing the engine power output and independent brake control of four

wheels. To provide more freedom to the drivers in controlling the handling performance of the

WRX STI, there prepared 3 modes.

1). NORMAL Mode

This mode is a default and can be used in any road conditions and driving situations. All of the

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ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) control, TCS (Traction Control System) control and Stability Assist

control are activated normally.

2). TRACTION Mode

The activation of the TCS (Traction Control System) and Stability Assist control is limited for those

drivers who prefer to sway the vehicle intentionally. The engine power output can be sustained

even under the threshold conditions.

3). OFF Mode

The system can be turned off except for the ABS function. It is useful when getting out of extremely

slippery conditions like deep snowfalls or mud.

In every mode, the original ABS employs the Super Sports ABS to maintain the handling ability to

drivers at maximum while the ABS is being activated. The system contains the EBD (Electronic

Brake Force Distribution) function to provide optimum brake force according to the change in the

weight distribution to each axle.

 Front / Rear LSD’s

To minimize the loss of torque distribution to the ground and maximize driving pleasure, highly

responsive torque-sensitive LSD’s were employed in both the front and rear axles.

Front Helical LSD

Torque binding effect is kept minimal so that the driver can easily anticipate the reaction of the

vehicle under threshold situations.

Rear Torsen LSD

While the response is very quick, the torque binding effect is obtained smoothly so that it assists

drivers to control the vehicle with ease.

WRX STI: Chassis

Under the Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept (Subaru DC3), the chassis of the WRX STI

was designed to make full use of all four tires. By combining the highly strengthened body and

flexible suspension, the road-holding ability at all four tires was optimized.

For 2011MY, developed under the theme of “The Fastest WRX STI Ever”, the overall suspension

setup was revised to further improve accuracy and handling response, maneuverability, and road

holding capability. Specialized tuning of the damping force of both front and rear dampers provides

secure road-holding ability. Changes to specifications of the front and rear coil springs, and

stabilizers greatly improve roll stiffness. Due to those suspension refinements, the ground

clearance was decreased by 5 mm for lower center of gravity to increase maximum lateral-G. Both

the front and rear suspension systems employ higher-rate springs and thicker front and rear

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stabilizer bars than the previous model: 21 mm vs. 20 mm in front and 19 mm vs. 18 mm in rear.

Spring rates have increased by 15.6 percent in front and 53 percent in the rear.

 Front Suspensions

An inverted strut suspensions type was employed. On top of the improved stability performance

yielded by the wider track, the road-holding ability of the tires was greatly improved by optimizing

the geometry including toe and camber angles as well as by stretching the suspension stroke. For

2011MY, the rear-end bushings for the lower arms were changed to a pillow-ball type which is

adopted for the first time ever in the Subaru production models. This drastically improves toe and

lateral stiffness and provide in a handling performance that is even more faithful to the driver’s

steering control.

 Rear Suspensions

A double wishbone suspension was employed. Superior road-holding ability was achieved by

optimizing the geometry, including toe and camber angles, by regulating the lift motion and by

stretching the overall suspension stroke.

For 2011MY, the specifications of the sub-frame bushings of the rear suspension were changed to

increase toe and camber stiffness, resulting in increased vehicle responsiveness and road hugging

capability.

 Brakes

To meet drivers’ demanding expectations in such high performance models, an exclusive

ventilated disc brake system for WRX STI was jointly developed with brembo.

In combination with the super-low expansion brake hoses, tie-rod type brake booster, improved

brake pedal system and optimized master cylinder design, both the response and controllability of

the brake system were improved.

1). Brake Assist

Pedal-speed sensitive brake assist mechanism was employed to allow all drivers to make full use

of the large potential of such high capacity brake system, even in critical situations.

2). Super Sports ABS with Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD)

In addition to the signal input from lateral G-sensor, the ABS control system monitors the signal from

steering angle sensor, yaw-rate sensor to maintain the maneuverability under threshold situation.

The system also communicates with the DCCD control system to realize the high dimension of target

line trace ability while achieving dependable brake performance. The system features Electronic

Brake Force Distribution (EBD) which minimizes the change of brake distance according to the

difference of weight distribution pending on the number of passengers, luggage, etc.

3). Hill Start Assist System

To assist the smooth start off on up-hill roads, the system holds the brake pressure for

approximately 1 second after the brake pedal is released. The cancellation function is added.

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 Tires & Wheels

1). 18-inch Tires & Casted 8 1/2J Aluminum Wheels

The Casted aluminum wheels feature black high-lustre paint to heighten the sense of luxury.

Dunlop SP600 (245/40R18) tires were employed for their highly balanced dry and wet grip

performance. Overall weight is approximately 2 kilograms lighter per wheel compared to the

standard ones.

2). 18-inch Tires & BBS Forged 8 1/2J Aluminum Wheels (Factory Option)

The forged aluminum wheels feature a fin-shaped, elegant design with a striking black high lustre

finish.

WRX STI: Body construction

Compared to the normal Impreza model, the WRX STI uses an advanced form of Subaru’s

legendary and proprietary Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frame Body Structure, reinforcing each

pillar with frames that circle around the body in a ring shape. Reinforcements are now provided to

connect firmly between the lower part of the front pillar and upper frames, increasing the strength

of the strut attachment onto the body frame. Reinforcements are added to the upper part of the

opening of the rear gate.

Through streamlined body construction and the extensive use of high-tensile steel, including

590 MPa–level steel for major body frames, it achieved both high body rigidity and a weight

reduction.

WRX STI: Safety

Advancing the Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frame Body Structure, the WRX STI realized high

levels of safety and crash worthiness through effectively absorbing and dispersing crash

impact in frontal, side, or rear impact crashes. The hood, for example, is specifically designed

to disperse pedestrian impact. It boasts low-impact features for pedestrians and other vehicles

in collisions.

All models are equipped with dual SRS airbags, side SRS airbags and curtain airbags, as well

as 3-point seat belts in the rear seats. A collapsible brake pedal is available on all models to

reduce the risk of foot injuries in accidents.

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WRX STI: Utilities

The double wishbone rear suspension makes room for a wider and deeper luggage

compartment, improving the utility of the car. The wide and flat load floor can accommodate

two Tour-size golf bags or five carry-on bags. Larger door openings afford improved ingress

and egress, and the rear doors open 75 degrees to allow for better rear seat access. The door

pocket serves also as a beverage holder that can hold a 500-mL PET bottle. In addition, the

center console box accommodates 8 CDs, while the console tray provides space for placing

small items.

WRX STI: Major refinement in the 2011 model

1. New 4-door wide body sedan joins 5-door.

2. Major chassis upgrade with retuned suspension featuring higher rate springs, thicker stabilizer

bars and new bushings.

3. 5-door features a revised front styling, shared with the new 4-door to emphasize a “wide and

low” look.

4. Rear spoiler on 4-door maximizes the aerodynamic configuration. (Factory option)

5. New, lighter 18-inch wheels with high-lustre paint.

6. Polished stainless steel quad tailpipes enlarged to 80 mm diameter.

 New body colour “Plasma Blue Silica” is added.

 New interior colour coordination is redesigned to suit the sporty cockpit.

 A large undercover beneath the floor is newly designed to improve aerodynamic performance.

 Comply with Euro 5 emission standards.

7. New audio system with Bluetooth hands-free system is added.

 Audio control satellite switches and Bluetooth hands-free switches on the steering wheel.

 Power window switches have an added anti-trap system and off-delay timer for increased

convenience.

 Touch sensors on the front door handles are added to ease the key-less access..

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WRX STI: Specifications

Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel Drive)

Item WRX STI 4-Door

6MT WRX STI 5-Door 6MT

ENGINE

Horizontally-opposed, 4-cylinder, 4-stroke,

high-boost turbocharged with large-capacity intercooler,

Type petrol engine

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 99.5 X 79.0

Capacity cc 2,457

Compression ratio 8.2

Fuel system Multi Point Sequential Injection

Fuel tank capacity lit. 60

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN)

kW

(PS)/rpm 221(300)/6,000

Max. torque (DIN)

Nm

(kgfm)/rpm 407(41.5)/4,000

Max. speed km/h 255 250

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 5.2

Urban lit./100 km 14.1

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 8.4

Combined lit./100 km 10.5

Urban g/km 327

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 195

Combined g/km 243

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type Driver’s Control Centre Differential type AWD

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,580 4,415

Overall width mm 1,795

Overall height with roofrails mm 1,470

Wheelbase mm 2,625

Track Front mm 1,530

Rear mm 1,540

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 150

Cargo volume*2 lit. 420 1216

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,505 1,505

Towing capacity kg 1,200 1,200

TRANS-AXLE

Gear ratio 1st 3.636

2nd 2.235

3rd 1.590

4th 1.137

5th 0.891

6th 0.707

Reverse 3.545

Final drive axle ratio 3.900

CHASSIS

Steering Rack and Pinion

Suspension (4-wheel Front Inverted MacPherson strut type

independent) Rear Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.5

Front

Brembo performance brake system, 4 piston calipers

Brakes ventilated disc brakes

Rear

Brembo performance brake system, dual piston calipers

ventilated disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 245/40R18, 18 x 8 1/2" J*3

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to

715/2007/EC-692/2008/EC.

*2 Measured by VDA/4-Door *2 Measured by VDA(V214)/5-Door

*3 Optional: 235/45R17, 17 x 8" JJ

*Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

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WRX STI: Features

Item WRX STI

4-Door 5-Door

6MT 6MT

Exterior

HID low beam headlamps  

Pop-up type headlamp washers  

Front fog lamps Option Option

Rear fog lamp  

Power-folding door mirrors with built-in LED turn signal  

Designed blade, variable intermittent windshield wipers  

Intermittent rear window wiper ー 

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels (Silver) Option Option

18-inch BBS forged aluminium alloy wheels (Black high-lustre) Option Option

18-inch aluminium alloy wheels (High-lustre)  

Power sliding, tilt-adjustable glass sunroof Option Option

Carrier installation brackets  

Floor under cover  

Side under spoilers  

Rear diffuser ー 

Large roof spoiler(5-Door) ー 

Rear spoiler(4-Door) Option ー

Roof antenna  

Privacy glass for rear doors, rear quarters and rear window Option Option

Twin dual tail muffler  

Seating / Trims

Leather wrapped steering wheel with red stitching  

Leather wrapped gearshift knob and hand brake lever  

Sporty front seats with red stitching (Alcantara*)  

RECARO front seats with red stitching (Alcantara*) Option Option

RECARO front seats with red stitching (Leather*1) Option Option

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat only)  

Front seat heaters*2 Option Option

60/40 split folding rear seats (4-Door:Trunk through)  

Seat back pocket (front passenger side only)*2  

Plated inner door handles  

Metal door step panels (front, both sides)  

Comfort / Convenience

Power windows*3  

Remote control key system  

Keyless Access and Push Button Start System Option Option

Map lamps  

Trunk room lamp(4-Door) / Luggage space lamp(5-Door)  

Vanity mirrors with lids (for driver and front passenger)  

Centre tray with lamp  

Centre console box  

Front cup holders (in the centre console)  

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)  

Interior fuel lid lock release  

Two 12-volt power outlets (in the instrument panel and centre console box)  

Retractable cargo cover ー 

* Alcantara® is a registered trademark of Alcantara S.p.A.

*1 Synthetic leather (PVC) is used for some parts of seats' upholstery

*2 Except RECARO seats.

*3 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function with pinch protection.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to

market.

103

WRX STI: Features

Item WRX STI

4-Door 5-Door

6MT 6MT

Climate control

Automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter  

Heater ducts for rear passengers  

Windshield wiper de-icer Option Option

Heated door mirrors Option Option

Front and side defrosters  

Electric rear window defogger with timer  

Entertainment and Navigation

2-DIN audio: 1-CD with 10 speakers  

DVD navigation*4 and audio system with Audyssey MultEQ*5: 1-CD and 10 speakers Option Option

Steering wheel mounted audio remote control switches  

Auxiliary audio and USB input jack (in the centre console box)  

Audio/Visual auxlliary input jack (in the centre console box) Option Option

Bluetooth®*6 compatible hands-free system  

Control / Instruments

Electro-luminescent gauges  

Driver-set rev indicator  

Information display*7  

Quick ratio power steering  

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel  

Cruise control  

Aluminium pedals  

Drivability

SI-DRIVE (SUBARU Intelligent Drive)  

Multi-mode Vehicle Dynamics Control System  

Multi-mode DCCD (Driver’s Control Centre Differential)  

Hill Start Assist  

Brembo brakes (front and rear)  

Safety

Front SRS*8 airbags  

Front side SRS*8 airbags (for driver and front passenger)  

Curtain SRS*8 airbags (front and rear, both sides)  

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)  

Steering column support beam  

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions  

Seatbelt indicator (for driver)  

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters  

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)  

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions  

Safety brake pedal system  

4-sensor/4-channel Super Sports ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution  

Brake assist system  

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)  

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)  

Anti-theft security system with engine immobiliser  

*4 Equipped with 7-inch VGA centre display.  

*5 Audyssey MultEQ is a registered trademark of Audyssey Laboratories,Inc.

*6 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*7 It shows: current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, ambient temperature and clock.

*8 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.

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Forester: Aim of Development

Proposal of Best Packaging for an Active Lifestyle

The first generation Forester debuted in 1997. With superior drivability, a commanding eye point

due to a 200-mm road clearance, and the ease of use offered by a wagon package, the Forester

created a new genre of “evolved passenger SUV” with superior driving performance due to

symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel-Drive) built around a core Horizontally-Opposed engine with a low

centre of gravity. In 2002, Subaru released the second generation Forester, which achieved the

“Best of Both” through a further evolution of these characteristics. Both models have earned

accolades from users both in Japan and around the world.

The third generation model, which was launched in 2008, offered a fresh perspective on the

mystique of the Forester, and yet is still based upon the concept pursued in previous models. In

addition, Subaru has updated all areas based on the concept of “Best Packaging for an Active

Lifestyle” for drivers and their families to enjoy today’s active lifestyle. Based on Subaru’s car

manufacturing concept of “safe, comfortable, fun”, Subaru skilfully balanced and condensed the

three elements of “packaging” for ease of use, enjoyment of “driving” underpinned by the sense of

safety provided by symmetrical AWD, and “environmental friendliness” with significant consideration

for society.

The Forester is a new-generation crossover SUV proposed by Subaru, based on further evolution

of the strengths of the highly evaluated previous models. This model achieved a superior drivability

that responds perfectly to the driver’s intentions, while also providing a relaxing cabin space, riding

comfort, and superior utility. Our goal was to create the best car that could accommodate all the

varied lifestyles of Subaru customers; a car that provides not only enjoyment and peace of mind but

one that truly embodies riding comfort. Subaru has immense expectations that this car will be

enjoyed by numerous people around the world as the ideal everyday partner for active lifestyles. As

a result, this third generation Forester is successfully accepted by all the markets in the world.

Especially in the European market, sales in the compact SUV category are increasing on a yearly

basis, and within this segment, the sales of diesel models has overtaken those of gasoline models.

In 2008, Subaru introduced the first Boxer Diesel engine in 2008MY Legacy and Outback models

to Europe, receiving high praise for its sporty drive feeling, low vibration and noise, and excellent

fuel economy. Based on the high evaluation of the Boxer Diesel, Subaru developed the first

specialized diesel 6-speed manual transmission for the Forester, which is combined with a closed

diesel particulate filter (DPF) to provide further evolution of environmental friendliness. The aim of

launch the Forester Diesel to the European SUV market is not only to expand Subaru’s coverage

of our customers’ product needs but also to present a new Subaru that provides excellent driving

stability, superior driving performance, and a segment-topping CO2 emission of 167 g/km*1 and

fuel consumption of 6.3 litre/100 km*1. This Forester Diesel provides driving enjoyment through

the superior combination of “enjoyable driving that expresses reliability and assurance”,

“packaging that expresses fun and ease of use”, and “design that expresses boldness and

elegance”.

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After its successful launch of Boxer Diesel in Europe, this year, Subaru has developed its

new-generation boxer engine, the overall renewal of which is the first in 21 years, since the second

generation boxer engine was introduced in the first Legacy models in 1989. This third generation

Horizontally-Opposed 4 cylinder petrol engine showcases Subaru’s unique expertise in Boxer

engine technology. New-generation improvements include advances in both environmental

friendliness, such as an approximately 10% improvement in fuel efficiency compared to the

previous model and driving performance for smooth acceleration in all speed ranges. It achieved

low CO2 emission of 173g/km*2.

*1 For the Forester 2.0D X model

*2 For the Forester 2.0X (5MT) model

Forester: Model concept

The third generation Forester was developed with the concept “Best Packaging for an Active

Lifestyle”, with a focus on the important point of balancing and condensing the elements of

“packaging”, “driving”, and “environment” at a high level. Our goal was to create a car that achieves

ease of use, comfort, safe and enjoyable driving in a variety of situations.

Packaging

Subaru created a complete package without an excessive body size. The Forester offers a skilful

balance between ease of use, such as minimum turning radius, field of vision, and ease of boarding,

sufficient cabin space for all passengers to ride in comfort, and superior utility. Further, it offers a

modern urban design in addition to the strength, power, and quality expected from an SUV.

Driving

With the aim of achieving “new Subaru driving with comfort and reliability” with substantial road

clearance, Subaru applied its DC3 (Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept) to the Forester

chassis for superior operating stability that provides natural driving performance as well as supple

and high-quality riding comfort.

Environment

Considerable attention was given to environmental friendliness, such as improved fuel efficiency

and reduced gas emissions, by streamlining the body to reduce weight and re-examining the entire

power unit.

Major refinement in the 2011 model

In 2011MY, to pursue the Forester’s basic concept "Best Packaging for Active Life", we made three

main changes. These are the adoption of the new generation Subaru Boxer engine, superior

driving control by refined suspension, and some minor refinements for the exterior and the interior.

Details are as follows;

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 All-new petrol Boxer Engine is available for NA models. (2.0X and 2.0XS models)

 Suspensions were finely tuned to offer more accurate control and stability, and flatter ride

comfort.

 New body colours are added.

- “Sky Blue Metallic”; A bright blue of clear sky

- “Marine Blue Pearl”; A refreshing blue pearl evoking the deep blue hues of the sea

“Newport Blue Pearl” and “Sunlight Gold” are discontinued.

 The new front grille gives a powerful impression.

 A newly designed 17-inch aluminium wheel for the 2.0XS.

 The shape of the mirror was changed for better aerodynamics.

 Newly designed power-folding door mirrors with built-in LED turn signal for the 2.0XS and

2.0D XS.

 The colour coordination around the interior has been reviewed, creating a bold, high quality

interior with daring silver touches, a neat, elegant finish around the top of the instrument panel

and new upholstery for a solid, firm feel.

 A new designed Luminescent gauges with metallic-finish rings improves quality and

functionality. Symbolising the powerful yet stable characteristics of the Forester. (standard on

the 2.0XS)

 Left / Right separate air conditioning system is installed to suit the passenger’s individual

requirements. (standard on the 2.0XS)

 New 2-DIN audio system with Bluetooth®*1 system (1-CD and 4 speakers) is standard on the

2.0X, 2.0D X and 2.0D XS models.

 New audio system with 4.3-inch colour display, Bluetooth®*1 system and SRS CS Auto*2

(1-CD and 7 speakers) is standard on the 2.0XS and option for 2.0D XS.

 A new Symmetrical AWD Badge on the rear gate. (standard for all grade)

*1 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*2SRS Circle Surround Automotive

Forester: Model line-up

2.0X: Basic model with excellent safety, functionality, and economic efficiency.

2.0XS: Advanced model with a balance of the Forester’s superior basic functions.

2.0D X: Basic model that provides good fuel economy, as well as the excellent drive stability and

comfort that are Forester hallmarks.

2.0D XS: Advanced model that balances a full of array the Forester Diesel’s excellent basic

functions.

(2.5XT is discontinued.)

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Forester: Packaging

Subaru created a complete package without excessive body size. Subaru achieved the “best

packaging” through a total balance of comfortable cabin space, excellent minimum turning

radius, excellent field of vision, easy of entry and exit, and superior utility.

■ Relaxing cabin space

Subaru achieved a relaxing, comfortable cabin space by expanding the overall height, overall

width, and wheelbase. With an interior height of 1,290 mm and width of 1,520 mm, the interior

dimensions are set to ensure enough comfortable and relaxing space is provided to all

passengers. Additionally, this model offers rear seat legroom of 965 mm, the top level in its class.

This improvement in relaxing rear seat space creates comfortable seating and an enjoyable

space for four adults even on long journeys.

■ Excellent minimum turning radius

Compared with the previous model, the third generation Forester is taller, wider, and has an

expanded wheelbase, while still sporting a reduction in rear overhang, no increase in overall

length, and achieving an excellent minimum turning radius. In particular, the enlargement of the

front tread has improved handling, achieving a minimum turning radius of 5.3 m. Further, the

overall distance between the ends of the right and left door mirrors shorten by 8 mm through

mirror positioning and design changes, an improvement that is appreciated when coming across

other cars on narrow roads.

■ Excellent drivability

Drivability is further improved by optimisation of approach and departure angles. The generous

215 mm* road clearance allows the off-road capabilities of an SUV on rough or snow-covered

roads, for reliable driving performance in any situation. In addition, the improved vantage point

provided by the higher eye level contributes to a reduction in fatigue while driving.

* Figure for the 2.0X, 2.0XS and 2.0D models

■ Excellent field of vision

Ingenious methods for providing a clear view of the front bonnet, such as a wide windshield area

and improved windshield wiper performance, and a 640-mm hip point that provides a higher eye

point ensure an excellent field of vision for easy check of vehicle and driving conditions. In

addition, careful attention was given to the size and shape of the rear quarter glass and D pillar

where it is particularly difficult to check vehicle and driving conditions from the driver’s rear field of

vision. Other attention to detail includes a reduction in the ceramic width of the rear gate glass,

and lowering the bottom edge of the rear gate glass so the driver can see a child of 1 m in height

standing directly behind the rear gate.

■ Smooth entry and exit

Larger door openings, achieved through sash-attached doors, enlarged door opening angles, and

the support shape of seat cushions afford smooth entry and exit. Improvements made in entry

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and exit for both adults and small children, as well as in the ease of installing and removing child

seats. Rear doors in particular now open 75 degrees to allow for better rear seat access, and the

stopper for holding the door at a partial-open position is increased to 3 positions. Altogether, these

changes greatly improve ease of use and safety in locations such as narrow parking areas.

■ Body size

Forester: Utility

Increased body size allows a larger capacity cargo area, as well as ingenious details that utilise

Subaru’s know-how in manufacturing wagons. In addition, ample storage space and functions

were added to the cabin to improve ease of use.

■ Cargo room

Increases in overall height and width result in a larger cargo area over the previous model. In

addition, the double-wishbone rear suspension allows for wheel flares with little protrusion and

contributes to a large-volume cargo space. Four 9-inch golf bags placed on their sides can easily

fit inside. Further, great attention was given to ease of use, such as no protrusion from the rear

gate opening area or trim, and ease of unloading cargo.

 Electromagnetic opener

An easy-to-operate electromagnetic opener allows the gate to be opened with a light touch.

 Shopping hooks and cargo power socket

Shopping hooks convenient for fixing cargo into place are located in four locations each on the

top and bottom of the sides of the cargo area. A cargo power socket (12 VDC / 120 W) is also

available for use as a power source during leisure activities.

■ Cargo area dimensions

Overall length 4,560 mm

Overall height

2.0X, 2.0XS, 2.0D XS: 1,700 mm

2.0D X: 1,675 mm

Overall width 1,780 mm

Wheelbase 2,615 mm

Track (front/rear) 1,530 mm /1,530 mm

Minimum road clearance 215 mm

Overhang (front/rear) 940 mm /1,005 mm

Minimum turning radius 5.3 metres

Cabin length 2,000 mm

Cabin height 1,285 mm

Cabin width 1,520 mm

Driver’s seat hip point 640 mm

Maximum cargo area width 1,587 mm

Cargo area height 863 mm <in cars without a sunroof>

Cargo area depth 960 mm

Cargo area volume (VDA-V11) 450 litres

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■ Seat functions

A variety of seat arrangements are possible for a wide range of uses, from improving passenger

comfort to increasing cargo space. Seats also provide comfort and alleviate fatigue on long

journeys, while also providing balance between ease of entry and exit, sitting comfort, and

support while driving.

 Soft flat seats

A relaxing space with soft flat seats was created by removing the headrests from the front seats,

and then reclining the front seats.

 One-touch folding rear seats

Standard on the 2.0XS and 2.0D XS

 Manual seat lifter

Standard on driver’s seats on all models

 60/40 split fold down rear seatback with reclining feature

The 60/40 split fold down rear seatback with reclining feature allows convenient arrangement of

the rear seat when loading long items into the vehicle.

 Reclining rear seats

Reclining rear seats are standard on all models. This feature improves comfort in the rear seats

during long journeys.

 Urethane materials and seatback springs

The front seat cushions employ highly resilient urethane materials that effectively absorb vibration

during driving. In addition, the seatback springs firmly support the driver’s hips and back to

maintain the optimal driving position.

■ Storage space

 Multi-functional centre console

The multi-functional centre console provides a spacious compartment that can accommodate an

A4-size notebook PC and a purse of equivalent size. The console compartment has a sliding lid

that is cushioned on top to serve as an armrest. It also incorporates a removable tray that can be

used to hold portable media players and cell phones, and is equipped with a 12-V power source

and auxiliary inputs in all models (except on the 2.0X and 2.0XS MT models).

 Retractable rear table

A rear table with a cup holder is installed in the cushion of the centre rear seat on the 2.0XS and

2.0D XS.

 In addition to the front cup holder in the centre console, there are also bottle holders in all door

pockets.

 Other

The interior also includes a large centre tray that can store up to eight CDs, large door pockets for

holding thin tissue boxes, and a glove compartment.

■ Other equipment

 Power sliding, large glass sunroof

A large glass sunroof for a sense of openness from all seats is available as an option on the

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2.0XS and 2.0D XS.

 Power-folding and body coloured door mirrors

Standard on the 2.0XS and 2.0D XS

 Leather wrapped steering wheel and gearshift knob

Standard on the 2.0XS and 2.0D XS

 Blue illumination

Blue LED illumination for the centre tray and overhead console is linked with headlight operation.

The cool blue light envelops the cabin with a warm glow.

 Pop-up type headlamp washer

Standard on all models

 Front wipers

Front wipers with integrated fins provide superior wiping performance as the vehicle drives at high

speeds. Wind noise is reduced for quieter operation.

 Washer nozzle

The wide-spread washer nozzle sprays washer liquid over a wide area to improve wiper

performance and maintain a clear field of vision.

 Engine bonnet with gas-dumper

The engine bonnet has a gas-dumper support. It is no longer necessary to support the bonnet

while installing the stay, keeping your hands clean and preventing the risk of the bonnet dropping

shut.

 Keyless access and push button start system

While holding the access key, the door can be simply unlocked by touching the sensor built into

the back of the door handle grip. In addition, the engine can be simply started by pressing the

start button on the left side of the steering wheel. (Optional for the 2.0XS and 2.0D XS)

 Front seat heater

Standard on all models

Forester: Design

A combination of functionality and beauty achieves an elegant form with the boldness of an SUV.

■ Exterior design features

Sculpted styling

Streamlined, yet sculpted styling evokes images of powerful, well-defined muscles carved out of

stone.

Form that balances boldness and elegance

Lines extending from the front grill to the bonnet, and sharply defined character lines running from

the sides of headlights and toward the rear elegantly accentuate the form. The wheel arches

project strongly from the front and rear bumpers, creating a bold SUV design. The skilful balance

of these two elements produces a distinct form.

Elegant detail

111

Precise, detailed design features, such as the front grille, distinct integrated 4-lamp headlamps,

rear combination lamps, and 17-inch* aluminum wheels, express an elegant quality.

*2.0XS and 2.0D XS models only

 Front grille

A new front grille is featured. The wilder styling with the series of bulges designed in the grille

expresses the powerful design language of the Forester. A large 6-star emblem is positioned in

the centre of the front grille.

 Distinct integrated 4-lamp headlamps

Based on a hawk's eye motif, the headlamps project Subaru’s identity. The headlamps are

chrome-plated on the inside to project the light outward evenly, creating a cool and highly

functional effect. Low beams use both halogen and HID lamps.

 Rear combination lamps

Rear combination lamps feature a range of functionality built into a single lamp, designed to

highlight a luminous, translucent, and modern look in the rear styling.

 17-inch aluminum wheels (standard on the 2.0XS and 2.0D XS)

17-inch aluminum wheels have radial spokes extending into the rim to emphasise the large

diameter of the wheels. The distinctive sculpting strikes a balance between commanding

presence and high quality. Newly designed 17inch aluminum wheels are adopted for the 2.0XS

model. These wheels feature a speedy design, with a multi-spoke layout which gives a powerful

appearance that suits the Forester.

 16-inch aluminum wheels (standard on the 2.0D X)

16-inch aluminum wheels also feature distinctive sculpting for a sharp and high quality design.

■ Interior design features

The interior space is both comfortable and comforting. In addition, it is loaded with a wide variety

of easy to operate systems and devices in order to provide enjoyment as well as smooth

functionality for all passengers.

Interior variation

The colour coordination has been reviewed. To increase the quality of the instrument panel, soft

texture coating was adopted. Two packages are available, offering both cool and relaxed interior

colours and finishes.

 Jet black colored interior

A high-quality colour with a taste of sport

 Platinum colored interior

A modern, cool colour that is both elegant and relaxing

Centre panel and door trim

The rich and refined interior design is accentuated by the centre panel, made up of a combination

of brushed aluminum main panel and side panels, as well as by the door trim, embellished with

metal-finish panels for power window switches.

Instrument panel

Information meters, and audio and navigation systems are located at the top of the centre panel,

near the field of vision for easy access without distraction from driving. The heater control panel

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uses a 3-dial system for easy operation. Air conditioning vents are located immediately above the

dials, in a very clean design that allows necessary operations to be performed in a single

movement. In addition, decorative metal-finish insets add elegance to the design.

Luminescent gauges (2.0XS)

A three-dimensional layout improves quality, visibility and functionality, symbolising the powerful

yet stable characteristics of the Forester.

By using a layout comprised of two raised gauges side-by-side and a centre ring, a high quality

and high functionality series of gauges have been created, characterised by larger LCDs.

Combination meter (2.0X, 2.0D X, 2.0D XS)

This is a series of three blue meters with chrome-plated rings. These meters are normally

illuminated both night and day for improved visibility. The blue shading was abolished, while the

hue of blue printing was refined. The needle colour also was changed from red to white. When the

ignition key is turned on, a sweep function brings the needle quickly to the maximum reading and

then back down, imitating the thrilling sense of speed.

Information display

The vehicle information display constantly shows outside temperature, average mileage, and time

on the digital clock. The “instantaneous fuel consumption” display enables users to drive the car

more efficiently. The average mileage gauge has two independent readings, which are linked with

trip meters A and B. This display is placed near the top of the dashboard for improved visibility

and functionality.

Tilt/telescopic steering wheel

A telescopic function improves both the optimisation of driving position, and the ease of entry and

exit.

■ Body colour

Satin White Pearl, Spark Silver Metallic, Steel Silver Metallic, Dark Gray Metallic, Obsidian Black

Opal, Sage Green Metallic, Camellia Red Pearl, Paprika Red Pearl, Sky Blue Metallic, Marine

Blue Pearl

Forester: Comfort

The Forester is equipped with systems and entertainment functions that improve ease of use and

comfort for all passengers in any situation. These functions provide support for a comfortable and

relaxing journey on even the longest drives.

■ Heater control

Despite increasing its maximum air output over the prior model’s level, the heater control unit is

quieter with lowered airflow and operating noise through the adoption of a sub-cooling type

condenser that allows efficient use of the compressor and refrigerant and reduces air resistance

inside the unit. The heater control unit is designed to consume less energy, contributing to better

fuel economy.

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■ Dual-zone automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter

Separate left and right air-conditioning control has been adopted to allow passengers to control

air conditions in the cabin and suit individual requirements.

■ Audio and navigation system

New 2-DIN audio system with Bluetooth®* and i-Pod system: 1-CD and 4 speakers (standard on

the 2.0X and 2.0D X)

This audio system features not only improved audio quality and fine-tuning to meet acoustic

conditions, but it also includes a function that cancels vibration and echo from the doors. In

addition, it also comes with an automatic audio volume control that adjusts the volume to a

comfortable level set by the driver, and which automatically changes its output at different speeds.

An auxiliary outlet is a standard feature on the centre console for easy connection of portable

media players and mobile devices. For 2011MY, compatible with widely popular Bluetooth®* and

iPod systems are standard.

* Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

New Audio system with 4.3-inch colour display and SRS CS Auto* : 1-CD and 7 speakers

(standard for the 2.0XS and option for the 2.0D XS)

SRS CS Auto* is used for an enhanced and realistic listening experience. The seven

high-performance speakers of the woofer system are arranged optimally for a dynamic and clear

audio experience. In addition, audio control switches are located on the steering wheel in all

models, for easy operability while driving. For 2011MY, compatible with widely popular

Bluetooth®* and iPod systems are standard.

A new Rear Vision Camera was also installed to improve convenience for drivers. When the shift

lever is put into reverse, the audio screen will display an image of the area behind the car taken

from the camera installed on the rear gate. Superimposed guide lines are provided to indicate the

width of the car, and the distance to objects surrounding the car can be visualised with the

inverted image in the same way as looking in the rear vision mirror, allowing the area behind the

car to be checked. The reverse lights are more than sufficient to light up the area behind the car

at night time.

*SRS Circle Surround Automotive

Audio integrated DVD navigation system [compatible with MP3 and WMA formats] (option for the

2.0XS and 2.0D XS)

The integrated multimedia navigation system provides a high-resolution display, precision DVD

navigation, advanced audio features, DVD entertainment, and Bluetooth* functionality.

*Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.

Navigation system

 The system provides precise positioning information through the use of 3D gyroscopes and a

highly-sensitive GPS. In addition, a high-end 600MHz CPU processes information much faster

and more easily than did earlier systems.

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 The system features a 7-inch VGA LC screen with LED backlighting, allowing clear and detailed

images.

 A purpose-built microphone was installed, providing a sleeker look and improved hands-free

functionality. (Compatible with Bluetooth mobile phones)

 A Rear Vision Camera was installed to improve convenience for drivers.

Audio system

 The head unit has adopted Audyssey MultEQ* technology that corrects in-car sound distortion

and offers the best sound quality in any seat.

 Features fine-tuning capabilities and reduction of noise and distortion to a minimum in order to

replay music and sound that is closer to their original recordings.

 Dynamic sound is provided with a woofer 7-speaker system.

* Audyssey MultEQ is a registered trademark of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

Forester: Power Units

The all new Subaru Boxer Engine is an “environmental-responsive engine” that adequately

balances enhanced environmental friendliness with smooth acceleration.

■ FB20 - 2.0 litre BOXER DOHC AVCS 16VALVE (2.0X, 2.0XS)

The engine was developed as the starting point of Subaru's future power unit strategy, aiming to

achieve global environmental friendliness of the new generations. This third generation

horizontally opposed 4 cylinder petrol engine achieves both environmental friendliness and

excellent drivability. It delivers smoother acceleration in the entire band, a feature Subaru

engineers developed in response to the demands for engines of a new type, offering new

performance while maintaining the existing advantages of the horizontally opposed layout, such

as lightweight, compact, low centre of gravity, superior vibration balance.

I. Features & Benefits

Improvement in fuel economy

The fuel economy has been greatly improved (approximately 10%*) comparing to the previous

engines. * For the Forester 2.0X (5MT) model

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Increase in low to medium speed torque

The stroke has been made longer for improvement in torque in low and mid speed range so the

driver can expect a responsive, yet smooth acceleration (no hard pressing is necessary).

Reduction in exhaust gas emissions

The longer stroke, compact combustion chamber and intake/exhaust AVCS reduced the exhaust

gas emission. The engine also has enough potential of meeting stricter emissions standards in

the future.

II. Mechanism

1. Optimisation of basic dimensions

Long stroke design

1) A longer stroke design contributes to improved fuel efficiency and exhaust emission

performance, and enhanced low and mid range torque.

2) Subaru successfully achieved the longer stroke while maintaining the same overall engine

width as the previous engine, by modifying the layout of the valve driving system and its drive

mechanism, and redesigning the cylinder block and cylinder head mechanism.

The third generation Engine

(FB)

The second generation Engine

(EJ)

Bore x Stroke 84 x 90mm 92 x 75mm

Compact combustion chamber

A compact combustion chamber contributes to improving all-round performance including fuel

economy, emission, and output, and is significantly contributing to better combustion. Technically,

those performances are achieved by reduction in valve angle and change in bore and stroke.

The shape of the chamber and the crown shape of the piston have been optimised. The S/V

(Surface Volume) ratio and gas-flow also have been optimised.

Changed area

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2. Intake/exhaust efficiency

The intake and exhaust system was optimised to draw as much air as possible into the intake,

mix the air with the fuel, burn them efficiently, and emit the gas through the exhaust with as less

loss as possible.

Intake boot

The capacity and position of each large and small resonator have been optimised to improve low

to medium speed torque performance.

Intake manifold

An optimised intake branch shape contributes to a reduction in pressure drop and better tuning,

for increased power output.

Cooled EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system

A Cooled EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) function has been added to the previous design

where a water return pipe was installed to return coolant from both cylinder banks back to the

radiator. Supplying cooled EGR gas to the system allows optimisation of the spark timing to

control knocking and improves fuel efficiency.

Maximizing the effectiveness of TGV (Tumble Generated Valve)

The shape of the ports and valves has been optimised with the use of CAE analysis, leading to

41°

126mm

EJ20 FB20

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reductions in pressure drops when the valves are open (improved power output) and increased

tumbling (improved fuel efficiency and exhaust gas emissions) when the valves are closed.

Port (head) and combustion chamber (piston)

Optimisation of intake port configuration and the addition of partitions inside ports improved fuel

efficiency.

Intake/exhaust AVCS (Active Valve Control System)

By using an intermediate locking mechanism on the intake side, and a normal AVCS on the

exhaust, more detailed valve opening-closing timing is possible to suit the way the engine is being

used. This contributes largely to improvements in power output, fuel efficiency and exhaust gas

emissions.

3. Cooling System

Bottom bypass channel

Thicker circulation channels have been used in an effort to warm the engine up better after

starting it. With faster increases in oil temperature, friction is reduced and fuel economy is

improved.

Separate cooling circuits

The coolant has been directed in series with the cylinder block and head in the previous engine,

whereas in the new engine the separate cooling system is adopted where the coolant is directed

to the block and head in parallel. This design cools the head combustion chamber more efficiently,

and helps improvement of knocking limits, promoting a better combustion performance.

4. Reduction in friction

Fuel economy is improved through the reduction in friction.

Increased temperature of block liners

By adopting separate cooling circuits, restricting coolant flow from the block separator to areas

around the liners maintains a high liner temperature, which works to reduce friction.

Improvement of the roundness of block bores by the accurate process in manufacturing

Cylinders with minimal distortion reduce the tension in piston rings and allow a greater piston

clearance, reducing friction when the piston moves up and down.

Roller rockers in the valve train

The roller rocker arms in the valve train are used and help to reduce friction.

Lighter parts used in major moving parts

The weight reduction by using the lighter parts in major moving parts such as the pistons and

connecting rods improved the fuel efficiency and increased torque.

Higher efficiency oil pump

Reducing the unnecessary operation of the oil pump helped reducing friction.

5. Chain system for cam drive

The new engine employs a chain type cam drive just as in the 6-cylinder engines and the boxer

diesel engines. The advantage is that it allows maintenance-free compact design.

This time’s use of the chain system allows a size reduction of cam sprocket, which contributes to

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limiting enlargement of the total width that would be a result of an adopted longer stoke.

スプロケット小径化

チェーンシステム概観

■ EE20 - SUBARU BOXER DIESEL , 2.0 litre DOHC Turbo Diesel Engine (2.0D models)

Unleashing the potential of the boxer design, Subaru created the world’s first boxer diesel 2.0-litre

DOHC engine for mass-production passenger vehicles. Its unique layout allows the right and left

pistons to negate each other’s inertia. This translates into smooth rotational balance, low vibration

and superior quietness. Furthermore, thanks to excellent accelerator response, and with reduced

friction and inertia resulting in smooth acceleration, the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL features engine

characteristics worth the name of a sport diesel.

I. Features & Benefits

Low vibrations and noise

- The movements of the horizontally-opposed pistons work in unison to effectively cancel out the

second harmonic vibration (vibration at double the frequency of the engine’s revolution) that

causes discomfort in drivers. Thanks to this structural advantage, the SUBARU BOXER DIESEL

does not need balancer shafts which are commonly used in conventional in-line and V-type

engines. The compactly designed crankshaft sandwiched by the highly rigid cylinder blocks helps

minimizing an uncomfortable noise and vibration up to high rpm’s.

Superior engine response and good fuel economy

- No need for balancer shafts leads to low rotational inertia and friction within the engine itself. The

result is exceptional accelerator response and good fuel economy.

Contribution to the handling performance

- The bore pitch was shortened and the left and right blocks holding the crankshaft provide a highly

rigid design compared to the conventional in-line engines, which also allows use of an aluminium

alloy cylinder block for weight savings.

- In addition to the low centre of gravity provided by the structure of the Horizontally-Opposed

Engine, the placement of the turbocharger unit at the lower part of the engine functions to

maintain a low centre of gravity for the diesel engine, which tends to be quite heavy in weight.

- These engine features contribute to excellent handling performance.

Smaller diameter sprockets

Overview of the Chain Drive System

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II. Mechanism

1. Cylinder block

Cylinder block

An aluminium alloy cylinder block is used to maximise the potential of the highly rigid

Horizontally-Opposed Engine layout. To obtain ideal diesel combustion, the stroke was extended

by 11 mm and the bore was shortened by 6 mm compared to the SUBARU BOXER four-cylinder

2.0-litre petrol engine (EJ20). The bore pitch is shortened to 98.4 mm, which is similar to that of

SUBARU BOXER 6-cylinder petrol engine, while the petrol engine (EJ20) has 113.0 mm. This has

led to a 61.3 mm reduction in engine block length for even more compact design.

Semi-closed deck: The block design uses the semi-closed deck type that has proven its durability

in the turbocharged petrol models. This increases rigidity around the head gasket mating areas.

Metal matrix composite journal: All 5 main bearings (journals) in the cylinder block incorporate

metal matrix composite journals (which are inserted during the casting process), resulting in

superior levels of quietness due to high rigidity and similarity in thermal expansion ratio to that of

crankshaft.

Extra cooling channels: Cooling slits were given between the cylinder bores to operate as water

cooling channels, thus improving cooling performance.

Pistons

High strength materials are used to withstand the high combustion pressures of the diesel engine.

Cooling channels within the pistons are incorporated, with engine oil squirted via oil jets, which

enhances piston cooling.

Metal Matrix Composite Journals

BOXER Diesel H4 (EE20) BOXER Petrol H4 (EJ20)

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Connecting rods

The large ends of the connecting rods feature an asymmetrical profile, which increases precision

during assembly and in roundness of the surface connecting the crankpin for reduced friction. It

also contributed to minimizing the rotational path, thus allowing an extended piston stroke inside

the compact cylinder block.

Crankshaft

The high strength crankshafts underwent surface treatment to withstand the high combustion

pressures that are found in a diesel engine. Since the Horizontally-Opposed engine layout allows

for shorter journal pitch, high rigidity is maintained in a diesel engine that is dramatically lighter in

weight than conventional in-line engines.

2. Valve system / intake and exhaust system

Cylinder head

High strength cylinder heads are used to withstand the high combustion pressures.

Roller rocker arms: compact and low friction end pivot type roller rocker arms are used in

combination with the double overhead cam (DOHC) system.

Valve System: The diameter of the intake valves is optimised for enhanced breathing

performance and swirl ratios, resulting in improved combustion efficiency.

Intake ports

The combination of an intake swirl pot system and optimised intake valve diameter results in ample

swirl performance.

Cam Drive System

A highly durable chain system is used to drive the camshaft to handle the variations in torque

produced by the diesel engine.

3. Common rail system

A common rail system is used for fuel delivery for better performance. The fuel is pressurised to

180 MPa before being fed into the common rail.

Solenoid injectors: Specially designed injectors are used. A shorter overall length of the injector

Cooling Channel

Combustion

Chamber

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contributed to maintain overall engine width as that of the regular petrol engine despite the longer

piston stroke.

4. Turbocharger

A variable nozzle type turbocharger was specially designed to deliver ample turbocharged

performance across the entire engine range. The turbocharger itself is positioned under the engine

and mounted directly to the catalytic converters for increased environmental friendliness.

Response is improved while also helping to lower the centre of gravity.

5. Exhaust

The exhaust system is fine tuned for use with the diesel engine.

6. Exhaust Emission Control System

A closed-type of diesel particulate filter (DPF) was adopted for the exhaust emission control

system of the Forester in order to further enhance environmental friendliness.

The DPF is positioned together with the turbo charger at the lower part of the engine. This not only

improves exhaust gas purification performance, but also helps keeping the centre of gravity low,

thus further enhancing the superb handling performance of the symmetrical AWD. This system

complies with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations.

Oxidation catalytic converter

The catalytic converter separates un-burnt fuel into water and carbon dioxide. The unit is made

compact enough to be activated soon after the engine is started. If the temperature rises to 300°C

under certain driving conditions, the oxidation catalytic converter generates NO2, which oxidises

collected diesel particulates inside the DPF.

Closed Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)

The adoption of a closed DPF functions to improve engine combustion efficiency and reduce

particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust in order to further enhance environmental friendliness.

The closed DPF features a honeycomb shaped filter made of silicon carbide. The filter channels

are blocked on alternating ends of each side and there are also microscopic pores on the inner

filter wall, thereby functioning to effectively collect the PM as the exhaust gas passes through

these microscopic pores.

The collected PM is combusted inside of the filter, which reaches 600°C and higher depending on

operating conditions, and repeatedly regenerated, processed, and emitted as exhaust. Conversely,

if the internal filter temperature is low with a continuous load operation, the temperature within the

layers is controlled to cause combustion of the PM, which is then repeatedly generated, processed,

and emitted as exhaust.

EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system

An EGR system is used to comply with European EURO 5 exhaust gas regulations. The cooled

exhaust gas is fed back into the combustion chamber to lower the combustion temperature and

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reduce NOx emissions.

7. Engine mounting system

A liquid-filled engine mounting system is employed for even less vibration and better handling

performance.

Forester: Drivetrain

Further improvements have been made in Subaru’s symmetrical AWD system, and VDC is

standard on all models. In addition, maximization of the benefits from a Horizontally-Opposed

engine, such as a lower centre of gravity due to a change in engine position, have achieved

superior driving performance both on-road and off-road.

■ Transmission

Electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission

All models are equipped with the SPORTSHIFT* 4-speed AT gear selection. Selector lever

operation was enhanced by the redesigned selector lever positions and the use of roller bearings.

In addition, densification of the hydraulic pressure required for AT for engine torque optimised the

required hydraulic pressure and reduced torque on the AT oil pump. Low-viscosity ATF was newly

developed to improve fuel efficiency.

*SPORTSHIFT is a registered trademark of Prodrive, Ltd.

5-speed manual transmission with dual-range

Driving performance and feeling were improved by reducing friction among transmission part

assemblies.

6-speed manual transmission for SUBARU BOXER DIESEL (2.0D models)

6-speed manual transmission was specially developed for the Forester diesel model. The gear

ratios were finely tuned to match the output characteristics of SUBARU BOXER DIESEL with

Forester. It also provides 2,000 kg towing capability.

Gear ratio

The gear ratio set was newly determined in accordance with the new 6-speed transmission. The

wide gear ratio set improves the ease of operation in any driving situations, from low to high

speeds, and also improves fuel economy. The combination of higher final gear ratio and the wider

pitch in the gear ratios from first gear to fifth gear improves low-speed traction and acceleration

performance.

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th Rev FINAL

Forester 2.0D (Diesel) 3.454 1.750 1.062 0.785 0.634 0.557 3.636 4.444

Forester 2.0X (Petrol) ↑ 2.062 1.448 1.088 0.871 - ↑ 4.111

Improved shift feeling

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A cable shift system was adopted together with an inertia weight for the lever mechanism on the

transmission side. Additionally, optimization of the shift-link configuration provides a shift feeling

that is both nimble and firm. Vibration transmitted to the shift knob was essentially eliminated.

A continuously engaged synchro gear was adopted in order to improve the shift feeling of reverse

gear also. Additionally, the adoption of a helical gear greatly reduces gear noise.

Reduced friction

Optimisation of lubrication paths and reduced agitation resistance were resulted in reduced friction

loss that greatly contributes to improved fuel economy.

Other

A specialized cover is positioned behind the inertia weight as it can normally be readily disturbed

by rocks, mud or melted snow. This ensures reliable driving performance on poor or snowy road

conditions, as well as enhancing quiet ride characteristics.

Optimisation of dual mass flywheel and clutch damper characteristics were resulted in near

elimination of the booming noise emitted during low-speed driving.

■ Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel-Drive)

They symmetrical AWD, centred around the lightweight, compact, and low centre of gravity

horizontally-opposed engine, provides ideal weight distribution and balance in all directions for

superior operating stability and traction both on-road and off-road, regardless of surface

conditions and speed.

Change in engine position

An expanded road clearance further improves the drivability of the vehicle, while low centre of

gravity is attained by mounting the engine low in the vehicle. This allows outstanding vehicle

stability even in an SUV.

Active Torque Split AWD (in models with automatic transmission)

Basic torque distribution to the front and rear wheels controls the hydraulic multiple-disc clutch

according to driving conditions. In addition, in-vehicle LAN is used to detect wheel speed, engine

output, and VDC conditions in real time, precisely analyse surface and driving conditions,

constantly control optimum torque distribution according to coordinated control with VDC, and

maintain superior traction and vehicle stability.

Centre differential AWD with viscous LSD (in models with manual transmission)

Basic torque distribution to the front and rear wheels is set by the centre differential with bevel

gears, and differences in speed are absorbed / suppressed by the viscous LSD, achieving

continual driving stability.

■ Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) system

VDC, which assists the superior driving stability of symmetrical AWD, is standard on all models.

Fed by information gathered by sensors that monitor vehicle and road conditions for VDC control

(engine control and brake control to prevent lateral slipping), TCS control (engine control and

brake LSD for traction control), and ABS control (anti-lock brakes) for driving stability.

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Forester: Chassis

With the aim of achieving “new Subaru driving with comfort and reliability”, the third generation

Forester was redesigned for comfort and reliability on the basis of a new chassis concept, the

Subaru Dynamic Chassis Control Concept. This design achieves a high-level of balance between

operating stability, impact safety, and vibration/noise reduction. In particular, the Forester

eliminates harshness to provide the riding comfort of a saloon, but in the body of an SUV.

For the 2011 models, a new valve structure has been used in the rear dampers to improve

damping responsiveness. Optimisations made to damping forces in both the front and rear

dampers have led to more accurate control and stability, and comfortable ride.

■ Front suspension

The vehicle is equipped with a strut-type suspension, used for many years by Subaru. Its widened

tread for improved turning stability, and optimised suspension geometry settings with adjusted

camber angles and toe-in alignment make substantial improvements in road-hugging traction and

riding comfort. In addition, improvements in lateral rigidity due to a redesigned low arm and

stabiliser, and optimised roll rigidity achieve sure steering response.

■ Rear suspension

The double-wishbone rear suspension provides superior driving performance and flexible ride

quality, and makes room for a deeper and wider luggage compartment. At the same time, it allows

optimal geometry, including the Forester’s large road clearance. Its widened tread, adjusted

camber angles, toe-in alignment, compliance steering, optimised anti-lift geometry, and extended

wheel stroke have made substantial improvements in road-hugging traction and riding comfort. In

addition, all links and the rear differential are installed on the body via bushes, contributing to a

structure that does not transmit shock or road noise from the driving surface directly to the body,

for improvements in flexible and quiet riding comfort. For the 2011 models, damping force was

modified in the rear shock absorbers. The characteristics of the rear sub-frame bushes have been

changed for improving the response of the rear suspension.

■ Brakes

Four-wheel disk brakes with superior braking performance are used on all models. In addition,

improvements have been made to response and control through the use of tie-rod type boosters,

an optimised pedal lever ratio, small-diameter master cylinders, and a long stroke. The Brake

Assist system and ABS with EBD creates a highly reliable braking system that provides a feeling

of safety in any situation. Size of rear brakes has been increased for improved performance on all

models.

Tie-rod type booster

The use of tie-rod type boosters that prevent deformation of the booster shell enhance linear

steering when depressing the brake pedal.

Brake assist system

The brake assist system detects the pressure applied to the brake pedal. This system enables the

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full potential of the brakes in any emergency situation.

Hill start assist (in manual transmission vehicles)

Manual transmission vehicles are equipped with a hill start assist function. On inclined surfaces,

braking power is maintained for approximately one second after the brake pedal is released,

preventing the car from rolling backward before the acceleration pedal is depressed. This function

allows a smooth start on uphill roads.

■ Steering system

The steering gear box adopts a cannon-mount method with advanced steering support stiffness

that further enhances linear steering movements.

Electronic power steering (2.0X, 2.0XS, 2.0D X, 2.0D XS)

The electronic power steering system on the 2.0X and 2.0XS ensures smooth steering and

contributes to fuel mileage through a pinion assist method located underneath the motor that

responds to the speed of the vehicle and steering maneuvers.

■ Tires and wheels

Tire diameters for all grades are increased according to the increase in body size. Balance is

achieved in a variety of elements, including steering stability, braking performance on both wet

and dry surfaces, a quiet ride, riding comfort, and fuel efficiency. There are two types of all

season tires: 225/55R17 tires, and 215/65R16 tires.

■ Tire and wheel size

Grade Size Wheels

2.0X 215/65R16 16 X 6 1/2JJ Steel wheels

and full wheel caps

2.0XS 225/55R17 17 X 7 JJ Aluminum wheels

2.0D X 215/65R16 16×6 1/2JJ Aluminum wheels

2.0D XS 225/55R17 17×7 JJ Aluminum wheels

Forester: Body

Since its debut in 1997, the Forester has used the Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frame Body

Structure, which has earned accolades from around the world for both functionality and safety.

This performance evolves further, and the third generation Forester achieved reassuring riding

comfort and advanced safety through streamlined body construction that has brought both

improvements in body rigidity and a minimal increase in weight.

Evolution of ring-shaped reinforcement frame body structure

By fixing the frame around each pillar in a ring shape, Subaru has streamlined the frame structure

through a further evolution of Subaru’s unique ring-shaped reinforcement frame body structure,

which strengthens the entire opening of both front and rear doors in a form that resembles a

single loop. In addition to the effective application of the latest impact-absorption technology and

high-tension steel plates, rigidity is improved with a cowl side stay connecting the front side frame

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and A pillar, to demonstrate stable functions and performance in a variety of driving situations.

The result is a high-level of improvement in rigidity as well as a reduction in weight.

Sash doors

The body side structure was redesigned, for balance in rigidity, strength, and lightweight, and to

increase the size of door openings. Narrowing sashes and pillars, while maintaining their rigidity,

has contributed to an improvement in field of vision. In addition, double-layered door seals and a

weather stripping are used to improve air conditioning efficiency and ensure a quieter ride, and

provide an improved seal between the body and doors.

Forester: Safety

The Forester, with its ring-shaped reinforcement frame body, realized high levels of both active

and passive safety and crash-worthiness, with considerable consideration for both passenger

protection and damage to other vehicles.

■ Omnidirectional collision safety frame

Rational evolution in base frame structure allows effective absorption and dispersion of impact

energy for advanced collision safety in frontal, side, or rear impact crashes. In addition, the

Forester addresses safety features for pedestrians and other vehicles in collisions.

■ Improvement of safety around doors

In addition to ensuring a high level of safety with impact-absorption performance in the event of a

side-impact collision, the door structure improves the ease of passengers to escape the vehicle.

Jam prevention structure

A jam prevention structure is used along the front edge of rear doors, so that front and rear doors

do not become jammed together and unopenable in the event of a collision.

Rear door catcher structure

In addition to the strikers on door locks, catchers installed near side seals prevent doors from

collapsing into the cabin in the event of a side-impact collision. This feature contributes to both

collision safety and a reduction in weight.

■ Improvement of safety in the rear

In addition to a layout in a position suitable to bring the height of the rear frame in alignment with

the height of the front bumper in standard passenger vehicles, in the event of collision the frame

absorbs impact by collapsing gradually from the rear. This allows the efficient absorption and

dispersion of energy in a rear-impact collision, reducing injury to passengers.

■ Pedestrian safety

Effective energy absorption during a collision is achieved through the optimisation of bonnet

frame and material, and the use of cowl panels and an impact absorption structure for the front

bulkhead. This has reduced the degree of injury inflicted in the event of collision with a

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pedestrian.

■ Effective impact-absorbing powertrain

The Horizontally-Opposed engine and vertical transmission not only improve active safety

according to improvements in driving performance, they are also effective in reducing the degree

of injury inflicted in the event of collision with a pedestrian. In the event of a side-impact collision,

the engine and transmission drop along the body floor, preventing them from collapsing into the

cabin. This avoids secondary impact with passengers.

■ SRS side air bags and SRS curtain air bags

SRS side air bags and SRS curtain air bags, which greatly contribute to the reduction of

passenger injury in the event of a side-impact collision, are standard on all models. Side air bags

are optimised with an enlarged protection area to cover the chest area. In addition, sensors are

added to C pillars for the optimum control of curtain air bags.

■ Whiplash reduction seats

Active head rests

Headrests are moved forward to quickly cradle the head.

Energy absorbing headrests

Headrests have a double internal structure to absorb impact to the head.

Energy absorbing seatbacks

Seatbacks absorb the force when passengers are pushed backward.

■ Other safety features

Impact-absorbing trim

Pillar trim adopts impact-absorbing structures, to protect passengers’ heads in the event of a

collision.

Safety pedals

Safety pedals are used to prevent brake and clutch (in manual transmission models) pedals form

collapsing into the cabin in the event of a frontal collision. This will reduce the risk of

lower-extremity injury to the driver.

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Forester: Engine Data

2.0-litre DOHC

2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC

Max Power: 110kW (150PS)/6,000rpm

Max Torque: 198Nm (20.2kgfm)/4,200rpm

2.0-litre 4-cylinder DOHC DIESEL Turbo

Max Power: 108kW (147PS)/3,600rpm

Max Torque: 350Nm (35.7kgfm)/1,800-2,400rpm

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Forester: Specifications

Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel Drive)

Item 2.0X 2.0XS

5MT Dual-range

E-4AT (with manual

mode) 5MT Dual-range

E-4AT (with manual

mode)

ENGINE

Horizontally-Opposed, 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol engine

Type

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 84.0/90.0

Capacity cc 1,995

Compression ratio 10.5

Fuel system Multi Point Sequential Injection

Fuel tank capacity lit. 60

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN)

kW

(PS)/rpm 110 (150)/6,000

Max. torque (DIN)

Nm

(kgfm)/rpm 198 (20.2)/4,200

Max. speed (in top gear) km/h 185 (in 4th gear) 185 (in 3rd gear) 185 (in 4th gear) 185 (in 3rd gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 10.7 12.4 10.7 12.4

Urban lit./100 km 9.4 9.7 9.4 9.7

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.3

Combined lit./100 km 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

Urban g/km 217 225 217 225

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 148 145 148 145

Combined g/km 173 174 173 174

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type

Centre differential

gear coupled with

viscous LSD

Active Torque Split

AWD system

Centre

differential gear

coupled with

viscous LSD

Active Torque Split

AWD system

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,560

Overall width mm 1,780

Overall height mm 1,700

Wheelbase mm 2,615

Track Front mm 1,530

Rear mm 1,530

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 215

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,660 1,660 (1,610*3)

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,475 1,485 1,485 1,495

Towing capacity kg 2,000 1,500 2,000 1,500

TRANS-AXLE

1st 3.454 2.785 3.454 2.785

2nd 2.062 1.545 2.062 1.545

3rd 1.448 1.000 1.448 1.000

4th 1.088 0.694 1.088 0.694

5th 0.871 – 0.871 –

6th – – – –

Gear ratio

Reverse 3.333 2.272 3.333 2.272

Final drive axle ratio 4.111 4.111 4.111 4.111

Low-range ratio 1.447 – 1.447 –

CHASSIS

Steering Electric Pinion Assist type

Suspension (4-wheel Front MacPherson strut type

independent) Rear Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.3

Brakes Front Ventilated disc brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 215/65R16, 16 x 6.5" JJ*4 225/55R17, 17 x 7" J

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to EC/715/2007-EC/692/2008

*2 Measured by VDA (V214)

*3 With sunroof

*4 Optional: 215/65R16, 16 x 6.5" J

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

130

Forester 2.0D: Specifications

Symmetrical AWD (All-Wheel Drive)

Item 2.0D X 2.0D XS

6MT 6MT

ENGINE

Horizontally-Opposed, 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, turbocharged, diesel engine

Type

DOHC 16-valve

Bore/Stroke mm 86.0/86.0

Capacity cc 1,998

Compression ratio 16.3

Fuel system Common rail system

Fuel tank capacity lit. 64

PERFORMANCE

Max. output (DIN) kW (PS)/rpm 108 (147)/3,600

Max. torque (DIN)

Nm

(kgfm)/rpm 350 (35.7)/1,800-2,400

Max. speed (in top gear) km/h 186 (in 6th gear) 186 (in 6th gear)

Acceleration (0-100 km/h) sec. 10.4 10.4

Urban lit./100 km 7.6 7.7

Fuel consumption*1 Extra-urban lit./100 km 5.6 5.7

Combined lit./100 km 6.3 6.4

Urban g/km 199 202

CO2 emissions*1 Extra-urban g/km 149 151

Combined g/km 167 170

DRIVETRAIN

AWD type Centre differential gear Centre differential gear

coupled with viscous LSD coupled with viscous LSD

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall length mm 4,560

Overall width mm 1,780

Overall height mm 1,675 1,700

Wheelbase mm 2,615

Track Front mm 1,530

Rear mm 1,530

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight) mm 215

Cargo volume*2 lit. 1,660 1,660 (1,610*3)

Seating capacity persons 5

Kerb weight kg 1,540 1,570

Towing capacity kg 2,000 2,000

TRANS-AXLE

1st 3.454 3.454

2nd 1.750 1.750

3rd 1.062 1.062

4th 0.785 0.785

5th 0.634 0.634

6th 0.557 0.557

Gear ratio

Reverse 3.636 3.636

Final drive axle ratio 4.444 4.444

Low-range ratio – –

CHASSIS

Steering Electric Pinion Assist type

Suspension (4-wheel Front MacPherson strut type

independent) Rear Double wishbone type

Minimum turning circle at tyre (radius) m 5.3

Front Ventilated disc brakes

Brakes

Rear Disc brakes

Tyre/wheel size 215/65R16, 16 x 6.5" J 225/55R17, 17 x 7" JJ

*1 Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions: according to EC/715/2007-EC/692/2008

*2 Measured by VDA (V214)

*3 With sunroof

*4 Optional: 215/65R16, 16 x 6.5" J

Vehicle kerb weight varies according to the types of optional equipment included.

Specification data and model lineup may vary according to market.

131

Forester: Standard and Optional Features

2.0X 2.0XS 2.0D

X

2.0D

Item XS

MT AT MT AT MT MT

Exterior

HID low beam headlamps – – OP OP – OP

Pop-up type headlamp washers      

Front fog lamps OP OP    

Rear fog lamp      

Body coloured door mirrors – –   – 

Power-folding door mirrors with built-in LED turn signal – –   – 

Metallic-finish outer door handles – –   – 

UV protection glass front and front side windows      

Designed blade, variable intermittent windshield wipers      

Intermittent rear window wiper      

16-inch steel wheels with full-wheel caps   – – – –

16-inch aluminium alloy wheels OP OP – –  

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels (for 2.0XS) – –   – –

17-inch aluminium alloy wheels (for 2.0D XS) – – – – – 

Power sliding, large glass sunroof – – OP OP – OP

Roof rails     – 

Roof antenna      

Twin-tail muffler      

Seating / Trims

Leather wrapped steering wheel – –    

Leather wrapped gearshift knob – –    

Leather seats – – OP OP – OP

Manual seat lifter (driver’s seat only)      

8-way power adjustable driver’s seat – – OP OP – OP

Front seat heaters      

60/40 split folding rear seats      

60/40 split reclining rear seats      

One-touch folding rear seats – –   – 

Rear seat centre armrest      

Seat back pocket*1      

Plated inner door handles – –   – 

Comfort / Convenience

Power windows*2      

Remote control key system      

Keyless Access and Push Button Start System – – OP OP – OP

Map lamps      

Blue interior illumination*3      

Luggage space lamp      

Vanity mirrors with lids (for driver and front passenger)      

Overhead console      

Centre tray      

Centre console box  –  – – –

Multi-functional centre console box with armrest –  –   

Front cup holders (in the centre console)*4      

Door pockets with bottle holders (on all side doors)      

Retractable rear tray with cup holders – –   – 

Interior fuel lid lock release      

Three 12-volt power outlets (in the instrument panel, centre console box and luggage space)      

4 cargo hooks      

4 luggage hooks      

Retractable cargo cover      

*1 Fabric: front passenger side only / Leather: driver and front passenger side

*2 Driver's side front window has auto up/down function.

*3 Blue interior illumination included in the over head area, centre tray (all models), and retractable rear tray cup holders (2.0D XS / 2.0XS).

*4 Dual-range models = 1 cup holder, other models = 2 cup holders

132

Forester: Standard and Optional Features

2.0X 2.0XS 2.0D X 2.0D XS

Item

MT AT MT AT MT MT

Climate control

Automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter   – –  

Dual-zone automatic air-conditioning system with anti-dust filter – –   – –

Heater ducts for rear passengers      

Windshield wiper de-icer      

Heated door mirrors      

Front and side defrosters      

Electric rear window defogger with timer      

Entertainment and Navigation

2-DIN audio system with Bluetooth®*5 system: 1-CD and 4 speakers   – –  

Audio system with 4.3-inch colour display and SRS CS Auto*6 : 1-CD and 7 speakers – –   – OP

DVD navigation*7 and audio system with Audyssey MultEQ*8: 1-CD and 7 speakers – – OP OP – OP

Steering wheel mounted audio satellite switches      

Bluetooth®*5 -compatible hands-free system      

USB and auxiliary audio input jack (in the centre console box)      

Audio/Visual auxiliary input jack (in the centre console box) – – OP OP – OP

Rear Vision Camera System – –   – OP

Control / Instruments

Three individual gauges with metallic-finish rings   – –  

Electro-luminescent gauges with metallic-finish rings – –   – –

Information display*9      

Tilt-adjustable/telescopic steering wheel      

Cruise control OP OP    

Drivability

Vehicle Dynamics Control System      

Hill Start Assist  –  –  

Self-levelizer (load-compensating rear struts)      

Safety

SRS*10 front airbags      

SRS*10 front side airbags (for driver and front passenger)      

SRS*10 curtain airbags (front and rear, both sides)      

Side-door reinforcement beams (front and rear, both sides)      

Steering column support beam      

Active headrests (for driver and front passenger)      

Rear seat headrests for 3 seating positions      

Seatbelt indicator (for driver)      

Front seatbelts with pretensioners and load limiters      

Height adjustable seatbelt anchors (for driver and front passenger)      

Rear 3-point seatbelts for 3 seating positions      

Safety brake pedal system      

4-sensor/4-channel ABS with Electronic Brake-force Distribution      

Brake assist system      

ISO-FIX adapted child seat anchors (with tether anchors)      

Child-proof rear door locking (both sides)      

Anti-theft security system with engine immobiliser      

*5 Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. America.

*6 SRS, SRS CS Auto and ( ● ) symbol are trademarks of SRS Labs, Inc.

*7 Equipped with 7-inch VGA centre display

*8 Audyssey MultEQ is a registered trademark of Audyssey Laboratories, Inc.

*9 It shows: current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, ambient temperature and clock.

*10 SRS: Supplemental Restraint System. Effective when used in conjunction with seatbelts.

Standard and optional features, model lineup may vary according to market.____________________________________________________________________________________

 Dr. Déry Péter www.lezerdent.hu

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